DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/2519-4984.2020.193409

Informal education of specialists working with at-risk teenagers at the facility of the “Compass” day center of the Kharkiv charity foundation “Blago”

Oleksandr Mohylka, Marina Tkachenko

Abstract


This article reveals the problem of continuous training of specialists for work with children at risk, a growing number of which in Ukraine is caused, in particular, by the increase in social risks, caused by the socio-economic instability, uncontrolled population movements in the absence of effective mechanisms for regulation of migration processes in the interests of national development, a high level of external labor migration of the adult population, reduced educational potential of the family and other social institutions; publishes, develops, and implements at the facility of the day center "Compass" Kharkiv Charitable Foundation "Blago" the system of organizational-methodical and resource support for the training of specialists to provide quality and timely services to adolescent drug users.

This article aims to show the effectiveness of the use of modern forms of training specialists in juvenile probation, juvenile prevention, school police officers, teachers and specialists of social-pedagogical service of educational institutions on the example of preparation of specialists to work with at-risk adolescents at the day center "Compass" Kharkiv Charitable Foundation "Blago". Regarding professional development, the team of authors does not have in mind the legal term, but the general increase of the level of knowledge and skills in working with adolescents at risk by professionals, engaged in educational, preventive activities or carrying out social support of adolescents in difficult life circumstances. The creation of such a flexible and sustainable lifelong education, providing advanced training not only to specialists, but also to adolescents and not fully engaged employment groups (unemployed, elderly, students), prepares them for the development and implementation of new social and educational projects, aimed at training juveniles to life in the context of globalization and increasing migration, providing them with samples of the peaceful, orderly behavior, safe for the society.

The proposed study can address issues, reduce the effects of labor migration of Ukraine's population in the aspect of reducing the level of social orphanhood, compensation of the pedagogical influence, lacked by children at risk, left without proper parental supervision, it is often the result of the distribution of the phenomenon of labor migration. The development of theoretical aspects of this form of enhancing the pedagogical potential of specialists will facilitate the empowerment of law enforcement and social professionals, probation services, social and psychological services of educational institutions to develop adolescent skills of safe behavior to maintain their sexual and reproductive health. In the future, this will influence the formation of a motivation for adolescents to further their professional development, their self-realization in Ukraine and, as a consequence, the state of the national labor market, while preserving the potential of skilled workers


Keywords


professional development; resource center; adolescents; prevention; risky behavior; harm reduction

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References


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Kompleksna prohrama z protydii poshyrenniu narkomanii ta zmenshennia shkody vid vzhyvannia psykhoaktyvnykh rechovyn u m. Kharkovi «Chyste misto» na 2019–2020 roky (2019). Kharkivska miska rada No. 1717/19. 21.08.2019. Available at: http://kharkiv.rocks/reestr/680256 Last accessed: 09.12.2019

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Anholenko, V. V., Rasskazova, O. I., Tkachenko, M. Ye. et. al.; Otroshko, T. V. (Ed.) (2017). Hendernochutlyvyi pidkhid u roboti z vrazlyvymy verstvamy naselennia u sotsialno-pravovii sferi. Kharkiv: KhHPA, 78.

Mohylka, O., Filenko, I. (2019). Navchalna prohrama zi zmenshennia shkody vid naslidkiv ryzykovanoi povedinky pidlitkiv. Kharkiv, 59.


GOST Style Citations


Lykhovid N. O. Doslidzhennia naslidkiv ta efektiv mihratsiinykh protsesiv Ukrainy // Derzhavne upravlinnia: udoskonalennia ta rozvytok. 2017. Issue 4. URL: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Duur_2017_4_6

Kliuchevye gruppy naseleniia. URL: https://www.unaids.org/ru/topic/key-populations (Last accessed: 09.12.2019)

Analitychnyi zvit za rezultatamy doslidzhennia v ramkakh proektu «Pidlitky poza uvahoiu: polipshennia dostupu do VIL-servisnykh posluh dlia vrazlyvykh pidlitkiv v Ukraini» / Balakirieva O. M., Shevchenko S. L. et. al. Kyiv: MBF «Alians hromadskoho zdorovia», MBF «SNID Fond Skhid-Zakhid» (AFEW-Ukraina), 2019. 60 p.

Antonenko Zh., Kuzin I., Martsynovska V. VIL-infektsiia v Ukraini: Informatsiinyi biuleten No. 50 / ed. by Kurpity V. Kyiv, 2019. 109 p.

Malkolm Pein Sotsyalnaia rabota: sovremennaia teoryia: textbook / ed. by Kamplynha Dzh. Moscow: Akademyia, 2007. 400 p.

Pavlovskyi A. Sotsyalnaia rabota s podrostkamy s oporoi na sylne storoni: textbook. Kyiv, 2015. 108 p.

Motyvatsyonnoe interviuyrovanye lyts, upotrebliaiushchykh inektsyonnie narkotiki: textbook. Kyiv, 2004. 108 p.

Saleebey D. Strengths Perspective in Social Work Practice, 4/e. Toronto: Allyn and Bacon, 2002. 220 p.

Miller W. R., Rollnik S. Motivational Interview: helping people change. The Guilford Press, 2013. 482 p.

Berg I. K. Family Based Services: a solution-based approach. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1994. 240 p. URL: https://www.amazon.com/Family-Based-Services-Solution-Based-Professional/dp/039370162X (Last accessed: 15.01.2020)

Paquin G. W. Clinical Social Work: a narrative approach. Kindle Edition, 2013. 380 p. URL: https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/22174837-clinical-social-work

Garmezy N. Stress-Resistant Children: The Search for Protective Factors // Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry Book Supplement. 1983. Issue 4. P. 213–233.

Rutter, M. (1987). Psychosocial resilience and protective mechanisms. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 57 (3), 316–331. doi: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1939-0025.1987.tb03541.x 

Masten, A. S., Powell, J. L. (2003). A Resilience Framework for Research, Policy, and Practice. Resilience and Vulnerability. Cambridge University Press, 1–26. doi: http://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511615788.003 

Kompleksna prohrama z protydii poshyrenniu narkomanii ta zmenshennia shkody vid vzhyvannia psykhoaktyvnykh rechovyn u m. Kharkovi «Chyste misto» na 2019–2020 roky: Kharkivska miska rada No. 1717/19. 21.08.2019. URL: http://kharkiv.rocks/reestr/680256 (Last accessed: 09.12.2019)

Ckhodynky do zdorovia: prosvitnytsko-profilaktychna prohrama treninhovykh zaniat z uchniamy navchalnykh zakladiv systemy zahalnoi serednoi osvity / Brusenko O. L., Zhuravel T. V., Liakh T. L. et. al.; ed. by Zhuravel T. V., Liakh T. L. Kyiv: Vydavnychyi dim «Kalyta», 2012. 232 p.

Profilaktyka vzhyvannia narkotykiv sered uchnivskoi ta studentskoi molodi: textbook / Zhuravel T. V., Samus V. V., Serheieva K. V., Soloviova O. D., Stroieva N. M.; ed. by Zhuravel T. V. Kyiv: FOP Buria O.D., 2014. 96 p.

Hendernochutlyvyi pidkhid u roboti z vrazlyvymy verstvamy naselennia u sotsialno-pravovii sferi: textbook / Anholenko V. V., Rasskazova O. I., Tkachenko M. Ye. et. al.; ed. by Otroshko T. V. Kharkiv: KhHPA, 2017. 78 p.

Mohylka O., Filenko I. Navchalna prohrama zi zmenshennia shkody vid naslidkiv ryzykovanoi povedinky pidlitkiv. Kharkiv, 2019. 59 p.







Copyright (c) 2020 Oleksandr Mohylka, Marina Tkachenko

ISSN 2519-4984 (Online), ISSN 2519-4976 (Print)