TRANSFORMATION OF THE INTERVIEW ON RUSSIAN TELEVISION: THE HISTORICAL ASPECT
Abstract. The article presents the arguments of the authors about the features of the interview genre. It gives a comparative description of the genre features using the example of the interview with Nikita Khrushchev, which makes it possible to identify the main factors influencing the transformation of the interview and its subtypes. The independence of the conversation genre is now beyond question, but the Soviet typology of genres did not single out the conversation separately but used it rather as a synonym for the interview form for presenting information and the interview method for obtaining information. During the Khrushchev years he had given interviews and press conferences more than 80 times. The term “interview” in those years as a truly bourgeois one was not used, except for the cases when reprints from foreign media were carried. Moreover, the genre of interview is fairly democratic, involving the active participation of a journalist in a dialogue with the character of the interview. In journalism of
“thaw” such approach to communicating with the first person was as a matter of principle impossible – this is N.S. Khrushchev’s conversation with journalists, and not vice versa. Meanwhile, an analysis of interviews with N.S. Khrushchev allows us to expose some specific genre features of the interview.
Keywords: media, television, genres of journalism, interview, conversation, traditions, transformation, factors, interaction.
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