TATAR VILLAGE IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY
Abstract. The urgency of the problem under study is due to the role that the demographic factor, along with socio-economic and national, plays in society, and the need to turn now to Russiaт historical experience in the field of reproduction and population preservation, a necessary condition for its successful development. The paper is aimed at analyzing the dynamics of the civil status of the Russian Muslim community on the basis of the information potential of census records concerning residents of the village of Staryie Tinchali, Buinsk district, Simbirsk province, from 1795 to 1858. Mathematical-statistical and demographic (calculation of general and special demographic coefficients) methods became the leading methods for the study. The study shows the value of the census records for studying the history of population on the example of a particular Muslim Ummah. The indicators that reflect the demographic state of the Tatar village at the end of the XVIII - the first half of the XIX century are analyzed: sex and age composition, population growth, birth rate, mortality, marriage, childhood and family typology. It was found that by the middle of the XIX century, in the Tatar village there was an improvement in the situation with the reproduction of the population. The thesis on early marriage of Tatar Muslim women was rejected. Materials of the paper can be useful in the study of demographic, historical, geographical, and socio-cultural problems of the history of the multi-ethnic, multi-confessional Volga-Ural region of the Russian Empire in the new time.
Key words: census records, socio-demographic image of the Tatar village, historical demography, fiscal
accounting of the population, Simbirsk province.
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