Control of physical and technical readiness of football players at the stage of specialized basic training
Purpose: to determine at the beginning of the preparatory period the initial level of physical and technical preparedness of football players born in 2006 of different youth teams in Kharkiv.
Material & Methods: the study was conducted in August 2021. The contingent of the examined - athletes in the amount of 56 football players of the Children's and Youth Football Club (FC) "Arsenal" in Kharkiv and the Youth Sports School No. 7 in Kharkiv, whose average age was 14,6 years. Technical and physical indicators were determined that characterize the level of readiness of football players for the beginning of the competitive season. The following methods were used in the study: analysis of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical testing, methods of mathematical statistics.
Results: the work established statistically significant differences between technical indicators: in the test, running 30 m (with the ball) (p<0,05; t=2,18), throw-in (p<0,05; 2,88); in terms of physical preparedness, statistically significant changes were found in the tests "Illinois" (p<0,05; t=2,72), shuttle run 7x30 m (р<0,05; t=2,48), at the same time, the players of the FC "Arsenal" overcome the distance faster (р<0,05; t1=2,10; t2=2,05; t3=2,06; t7=2,15) on the first, second, third and seventh segments than the players of the Youth Sports School No. 7. In the endurance test of the shuttle run 5x30 m, the players of the FC "Arsenal" run faster (p<0,05; t=2,12) than the players of the Youth Sports School No. 7, while in the first and third segments the players of the Youth Sports School No. 7 are slower (p<0,05; t1=2,75; t3=2,05) overcome the distance than the players of the FC "Arsenal".
Conclusions: analysis of special literature shows that the modern scientific and methodological base in the analysis of technical and physical preparedness in football has not been sufficiently studied in order to ensure the effective preparation of young men for the highest sports achievements. As a result of the study, statistically significant differences were established in the indicators of physical and technical readiness between the football players of the FC "Arsenal" and the Youth Sports School No. 7 in Kharkiv. It was determined that football players born in 2006 have a low level of functional performance.
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