Sex and Gender in Research

We encourage our authors to follow the "Sex and Gender Equality in Research - SAGER Guidelines" and include gender and gender considerations where appropriate. Authors should use the terms "sex" (a biological trait) and "gender" (determined by social and cultural circumstances) with care not to confuse the two terms. Article titles and/or abstracts should clearly indicate which gender(s) the research is in. Authors should also indicate, in general terms, whether sex and/or gender differences can be expected; describe how gender and/or gender were taken into account in designing the study; provide disaggregated data by sex and/or gender, where appropriate; and discuss related results. If a gender and/or gender analysis was not performed, a rationale should be given in the Discussion. We encourage our contributors to read the full manual before submitting.