Research with Humans

In research involving humans, human material, human tissue, or human data, authors must declare that the research was conducted in accordance with the rules of the Declaration of Helsinki 1975, revised in 2013.

 For non-interventional research (eg, surveys, social media research), all participants should be fully informed about whether anonymity is assured, why the research is being done, how their data will be used, and if there are any associated risks. As with all studies involving humans, ethical approval from the appropriate ethics committee must be obtained prior to conducting the study.

Written informed consent for publication must be obtained from each study participant. In the case of children participating in the study, informed consent must be obtained from their parents or guardians.

For manuscripts that include any case details, personal information, and/or images of participants, authors must obtain signed informed consent for publication from participants (or their relatives/guardians) prior to submission to the journal.

Information about the research participant should be as anonymous as possible.

If the study reports studies involving vulnerable groups, additional verification may be carried out. The submitted manuscript will be carefully reviewed by the editors, and documentary evidence (consent forms and any relevant documents for discussion at the ethics council) must be provided upon request. In addition, when studies describe groups by race, ethnicity, gender, disability, disease, etc., the article should clearly state why such categorization is necessary.

The Editorial Board reserves the right to reject any material that does not meet these requirements.

 Example of an ethical statement: “All subjects gave their informed consent to participate in the study. The study was carried out in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration”.