DOI: https://doi.org/10.32461/2226-3209.1.2018.160495

Poetics of "Undine" by E. T. A. Hoffmann in the context of the formation of the German national idea.

Anzhelika Tatarnikova

Abstract


The purpose of the article is to reveal the genre and style specificity of Undine by E.T.A. Hoffmann in the context of the spiritual and semantic aspects of the German national idea. The methodology of the work is based on the intonational concept of music in the perspective of intonational-stylistic, etymological analysis, succession from B. Asafiev and his followers, as well as interdisciplinary and historical-cultural approaches. Certain fact allows revealing the spiritual and semantic and style specificities of the musical theater of E.T.A. Hoffmann and his contemporaries singled out it from the pan-European cultural area of the first half of the 19th century. The scientific novelty broads the understanding of the poetics of the musical theater of E.T.A. Hoffmann, in particular, the opera "Undine" which serves as one of the samples of the German opera of the period and at the same time demonstrates a deep connection with the genesis of the national idea of Germany. Conclusions. The processes of the formation of the German national idea and the ways of its historical evolution show a close connection with the spiritual values of the German nation, in particular, with respect for the German language, national mythology, culture, complemented by a complex of archetypes of the House, the Family, Ordnung, defining the essence of the "German spirit" (der Teuscher Geist). The latter received the fullest expression in the style searches of German culture of the first half of the XIX century and its musical theater, in particular, in the genre-style specificity of "Undine" by E.T.A. Hoffmann. The ideas of juxtaposing the real and fantastic worlds, the motives for disappointment and awareness of the moral and ethical imperfections of the human world, revealing the romantic qualities of this work, coexist in it with the typology of the German Biedermeier. The mentioned issues are revealed in the intonational homogeneity of the musical language of the opera which unites the real and fantastic worlds, and also in the principal avoidance of dramatic scenes, which are the key moments in the narrative of the literary source of the opera (Fouqué’s story). Also, the role of the moral and didactic factor, the protection of German patriarchal and family values that give the "Undine" E.T.A are essential. Hoffmann created "instructive history" of "German antiquity". The marked style quality determines the specificity of the intonational language of the opera, formed at the intersection of Mozart’s style and the poetics of applied genres (Lied, romance, ballad, etc.).


Keywords


German national idea; romanticism; Biedermeier; German opera; "Undine" by E.T. A. Hoffmann

References


Антипова Н. А. Фантастическое в немецкой романтической опере: дисс. к. искуств. М., 2007. 182 с.

Аксючиц В. Миссия России. М.: Белый город, 2009. 624 с.

Белобратов А. В. История западноевропейской литературы XIX века. Германия. Австрия. Швейцария : Учеб. для вузов. М. : Высшая школа, 2003. 239 с.

Вебер К. М. Жизнь музыканта / Советская музыка. 1935. № 10. С. 82-88.

Галушко М. Вебер и немецкий романтизм / Советская музыка. 1987. № 7. С. 80-85.

Житомирский Д. В. Музыкальная эстетика Э. Т. А. Гофмана / Житомирский Д. В. Избранные статьи.

М.: Всесоюзное издательство "Советский композитор", 1981. С. 14-77.

Иванова Е. Р. Литература бидермейера в Германии XIX века.М. : Прометей МПГУ, 2007. 248 с.

Иоффе И.И. Мистерия и опера. Немецкое искусство XVI-XVIII вв. Избранное. Часть 2: Культура и стиль. М.: Говорящая Книга, 2010. С. 259-900.

Карельский А. В. Метаморфозы Орфея: Беседы по истории западных литератур. Вып. 3: Немецкий Орфей / Сост. А. Б. Ботникова, О. Б. Вайнштейн / М.: Рос. гос. гуманит. ун-т, 2007. 608 с.

Лазарева А. В. Национальная мысль в Германии в эпоху Тридцатилетней войны: автореф. дисс. … к. и. наук. М., 2008. 26 с.

Лаптева И. В. Культурологическое прочтение Э. Т. А. Гофмана на рубеже ХХ – XXI вв.: Онтологизм фантастического: автореф. … д. философских наук : 24.00.01 – теория и история культуры. Саранск, 2008. 39 с.

Малинкович В.Д. Очерки духовной истории великих народов (русские и немцы). Х., 2010. 379 с.

Музыка Австрии и Германии XIX века. Книга первая / Ред. Т. Цытович. М.: Музыка, 1975. 512 с.

Муравська О. В. Східнохристиянська парадигма європейської культури і музика XVIII-XX століть: монографія. Одеса: Астропринт, 2017. –564 с.

Национальная идея в Западной Европе в Новое время. Очерки истории. М., 2005. 469 с.

Панкова Е. А. "Новoе средневековье" в эстетике немецкого романтизма / Вестник ВГУ. Серия: Фи-лология. Журналистика. 2005. № 2. С. 80-86.

Прощина Е. Г. Романтическая концепция мифа и ее отражение в малой прозе Фридриха де ла Мотт

Фуке: дисс. … канд. филологических наук. Нижний Новгород, 2004. 171 с.

Рогожин А. А. Проблема генезиса немецкого национального самосознания в контексте междунаро-дных отношений: история и современность / Вестник Волгоградского государственного университета. Серия 4:

История. 2011. № 1 (19). С. 98-103.

Фогель М. В. Роль национальной идеи в современном политическом развитии России и Германии: автореф. дисс. …. канд. политических наук . М., 2004. 32 с.

Чавчанидзе Д. Романтическая сказка Фуке / Ф. Фуке. Ундина. М.: Наука, 1990. С. 421-471.

Antipova, N. A. (2007). Fantastic in the German romantic opera. Candidate’s thesis. Moscow: Moskovskaya gosudarstvennaya konservatoriya im. P. I. Chaykovskogo [in Russian].

Aksyuchits, V. (2009). Mission of Russia. Moscow : Belyy gorod [in Russian].

Belobratov, A. V. (2003). History of Western European literature of the XIX century. Germany. Austria. Switzerland. Moscow : Vysshaya shkola [in Russian].

Weber, K. M. (1935). Life of a musician. Sovetskaya muzyka, 10, 82-88 [in Russian].

Galushko, M. (1987). Weber and German Romanticism. Sovetskaya muzyka, 7, 80-85 [in Russian].

Zhitomirsky, D. V. (1981). The musical aesthetics of E.T. A. Hoffmann. Moscow [in Russian].

Ivanova, E. R. (2007). Biedermeier literature in Germany of the XIX century. Moscow [in Russian].

Ioffe, I. I. (2010). Mystery and the Opera. German art of the XVI-XVIII centuries. Moscow [in Russian].

Karelsky, A. V. (2007). Metamorphoses of Orpheus: Conversations on the history of Western literatures. Issue. 3: German Orpheus. Moscow : Rossiyskiy gosudarstvennyy gumanitarnyy universitet [in Russian].

Lazareva, A. V. (2008). National thought in Germany in the era of the Thirty Years’ War. Extended abstract of candidate’s thesis. Moscow: Moskovskiy gosudarstvennyy universitet im. M. V. Lomonosova [in Russian].

Lapteva, I. V. (2008). Culturological reading of E. T. A. Hoffmann at the turn of the 20th – 21st centuries: Ontologism of the fantastic. Extended abstract of candidate’s thesis. Saransk: Mordovskiy gosudarstvennyy universitet im. N. P. Ogareva [in Russian].

Malinkovich, V. D. (2010). Essays on the spiritual history of great nations (Russians and Germans). Khar’kov: Folio [in Ukrainian].

Music of Austria and Germany of the XIX century (1975). Moscow: Muzyka [in Russian].

Muravs’ka, O. V. (2017). Eastern Christian paradigm of European culture and music of the XVIII-XX centuries. Odessa : Astroprint [in Ukrainian].

The national idea in Western Europe in the New times. Essays on history (2005). Moscow : IKD "Zertsalo-M"; Izdatel’skiy dom "Veche" [in Russian].

Pankova, E. A. (2005). New "Middle Ages" in the aesthetics of German Romanticism. Vestnik VGU. Seriya: Filologiya. Zhurnalistika, 2, 80-86 [in Russian].

Proshina, E. G. (2004). Romantic concept of the myth and its reflection in the small prose of Friedrich de la Motte Fouquet. Candidate’s thesis. Nizhny Novgorod [in Russian].

Rogozhin, A. A. (2011). The problem of the genesis of German national self-consciousness in the context of international relations: history and modernity. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 4: Istoriya, 1 (19), 98-103 [in Russian].

Fogel’, M. V. (2004). The role of the national idea in the contemporary political development of Russia and Germany. Extended abstract of candidate’s thesis. Moscow: Moskovskiy gosudarstvennyy universitet im. M. V. Lomonosova [in Russian].

Chavchanidze, D. (1990). Romantic Tale of Fouquet. F. Fuke. Undina, 421-471 [in Russian].