DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2017.103010

Electrochromism of Ni(OH)2 films obtained by cathode template method with addition of Al, Zn, Co ions

Valerii Kotok, Vadym Kovalenko

Abstract


The films from mixed solutions of nickel-aluminum, nickel-zinc and nickel-cobalt have been prepared using the cathodic template synthesis with polyvinyl alcohol as a template. The prepared films have been studied by means of X-ray diffraction analysis, cyclic voltamperometry with simultaneous recording of the transparency change. The results have shown that the addition of aluminum and cobalt allows obtaining layered double hydroxides. However, the addition of aluminum leads not only to the formation of layered double hydroxide but also to poisoning of the active material.

In case of deposition from solutions containing cobalt, the obtained films have good electrochemical and electrochromic properties, and also two-stage color transition. The film obtained at a molar ratio of nickel to cobalt of 8:1 possesses the best electrochromic characteristics and coloration degree of 0.8, which is more than for the film obtained from nickel nitrate solution without additives of other metals by 0.2.


Keywords


nickel hydroxide; Ni(OH)2; electrochromism; electrodeposition; cathodic template synthesis; polyvinyl alcohol; layered double hydroxide

Full Text:

PDF

References


Кovalenko, V., Kotok, V., Bolotin, O. (2016). Definition of factors influencing on Ni(OH)2 electrochemical characteristics for supercapacitors. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 5 (6 (83)), 17–22. doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2016.79406

Kovalenko, V. L., Kotok, V. A., Sykchin, A. A., Mudryi, I. A., Ananchenko, B. A., Burkov, A. A. et. al. (2016). Nickel hydroxide obtained by high-temperature two-step synthesis as an effective material for supercapacitor applications. Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, 21 (3), 683–691. doi: 10.1007/s10008-016-3405-2

Solovov, V., Кovalenko, V., Nikolenko, N., Kotok, V., Vlasova, E. (2017). Influence of temperature on the characteristics of Ni(II), Ti(IV) layered double hydroxides synthesised by different methods. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 1 (6 (85)), 16–22. doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2017.90873

Huang, J.-J., Hwang, W.-S., Weng, Y.-C., Chou, T.-C. (2010). Transformation Characterization of Ni(OH)2/NiOOH in Ni-Pt Films Using an Electrochemical Quartz Crystal Microbalance for Ethanol Sensors. Materials Transactions, 51 (12), 2294–2303. doi: 10.2320/matertrans.m2010079

Niklasson, G. A., Granqvist, C. G. (2007). Electrochromics for smart windows: thin films of tungsten oxide and nickel oxide, and devices based on these. J. Mater. Chem., 17 (2), 127–156. doi: 10.1039/b612174h

Cospito, S., Beneduci, A., Veltri, L., Salamonczyk, M., Chidichimo, G. (2015). Mesomorphism and electrochemistry of thienoviologen liquid crystals. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 17 (27), 17670–17678. doi: 10.1039/c5cp02350e

Lampert, C. M. (2004). Chromogenic smart materials. Materials Today, 7 (3), 28–35. doi: 10.1016/s1369-7021(04)00123-3

Granqvist, C. G. (2014). Electrochromics for smart windows: Oxide-based thin films and devices. Thin Solid Films, 564, 1–38. doi: 10.1016/j.tsf.2014.02.002

Browne, M. P. (2016). Electrochromic Nickel Oxide Films for Smart Window Applications. International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 6636–6647. doi: 10.20964/2016.08.38

Kotok, V., Kovalenko, V. (2017). The electrochemical cathodic template synthesis of nickel hydroxide thin films for electrochromic devices: role of temperature. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 2 (11 (86)), 28–34. doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2017.97371

Usha, K. S., Sivakumar, R., Sanjeeviraja, C., Sathe, V., Ganesan, V., Wang, T. Y. (2016). Improved electrochromic performance of a radio frequency magnetron sputtered NiO thin film with high optical switching speed. RSC Adv., 6 (83), 79668–79680. doi: 10.1039/c5ra27099e

Velevska, J., Ristova, M. (2002). Electrochromic properties of NiOx prepared by low vacuum evaporation. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 73 (2), 131–139. doi: 10.1016/s0927-0248(01)00118-0

Xia, X. H., Tu, J. P., Zhang, J., Wang, X. L., Zhang, W. K., Huang, H. (2008). Electrochromic properties of porous NiO thin films prepared by a chemical bath deposition. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 92 (6), 628–633. doi: 10.1016/j.solmat.2008.01.009

Dalavi, D. S., Devan, R. S., Patil, R. S., Ma, Y.-R., Patil, P. S. (2013). Electrochromic performance of sol–gel deposited NiO thin film. Materials Letters, 90, 60–63. doi: 10.1016/j.matlet.2012.08.108

Franta, D., Negulescu, B., Thomas, L., Dahoo, P. R., Guyot, M., Ohlidal, I. et. al. (2005). Optical properties of NiO thin films prepared by pulsed laser deposition technique. Applied Surface Science, 244 (1-4), 426–430. doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2004.09.150

Sharma, R., Acharya, A. D., Shrivastava, S. B., Shripathi, T., Ganesan, V. (2014). Preparation and characterization of transparent NiO thin films deposited by spray pyrolysis technique. Optik – International Journal for Light and Electron Optics, 125 (22), 6751–6756. doi: 10.1016/j.ijleo.2014.07.104

Chigane, M. (1994). Enhanced Electrochromic Property of Nickel Hydroxide Thin Films Prepared by Anodic Deposition. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 141 (12), 3439. doi: 10.1149/1.2059350

Kotok, V. A., Kovalenko, V. L., Ananchenko, B. А., Levko, E. N. (2014). The deposition of electrochromic film based on nikel hydroxide by electrochemical method. XV International scientific conference «New Technologies and achievements in metallurgy, materials engineering and production engineering». Czestochowa, 448–452.

Hall, D. S., Lockwood, D. J., Bock, C., MacDougall, B. R. (2014). Nickel hydroxides and related materials: a review of their structures, synthesis and properties. Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 471 (2174), 20140792–20140792. doi: 10.1098/rspa.2014.0792

Ten'kovcev, V. V., Centr, B. I. (1985). Osnovy teorii i ehkspluatacii germetichnyh akkumulyatorov. Leningrad, 96.

Liu, B., Wang, X. Y., Yuan, H. T., Zhang, Y. S., Song, D. Y., Zhou, Z. X. (1999). Physical and electrochemical characteristics of aluminium-substituted nickel hydroxide. Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 29 (7), 853–858. doi: 10.1023/a:1003537900947


GOST Style Citations


Kovalenko, V. Definition of factors influencing on Ni(OH)2 electrochemical characteristics for supercapacitors [Text] / V. Kovalenko, V. Kotok, O. Bolotin // Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies. – 2016. – Vol. 5, Issue 6 (83). – P. 17–22. doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2016.79406 

Kovalenko, V. L. Nickel hydroxide obtained by high-temperature two-step synthesis as an effective material for supercapacitor applications [Text] / V. L. Kovalenko, V. A. Kotok, A. A. Sykchin, I. A. Mudryi, B. A. Ananchenko, A. A. Burkov et. al. // Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry. – 2016. – Vol. 21, Issue 3. – P. 683–691. doi: 10.1007/s10008-016-3405-2 

Solovov, V. Influence of temperature on the characteristics of Ni(II), Ti(IV) layered double hydroxides synthesised by different methods [Text] / V. Solovov, V. Kovalenko, N. Nikolenko, V. Kotok, E. Vlasova // Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies. – 2017. – Vol. 1, Issue 6 (85). – P. 16–22. doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2017.90873 

Huang, J.-J. Transformation Characterization of Ni(OH)2/NiOOH in Ni-Pt Films Using an Electrochemical Quartz Crystal Microbalance for Ethanol Sensors [Text] / J.-J. Huang, W.-S. Hwang, Y.-C. Weng, T.-C. Chou // Materials Transactions. – 2010. – Vol. 51, Issue 12. – P. 2294–2303. doi: 10.2320/matertrans.m2010079 

Niklasson, G. A. Electrochromics for smart windows: thin films of tungsten oxide and nickel oxide, and devices based on these [Text] / G. A. Niklasson, C. G. Granqvist // J. Mater. Chem. – 2007. – Vol. 17, Issue 2. – P. 127–156. doi: 10.1039/b612174h 

Cospito, S. Mesomorphism and electrochemistry of thienoviologen liquid crystals [Text] / S. Cospito, A. Beneduci, L. Veltri, M. Salamonczyk, G. Chidichimo // Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. – 2015. – Vol. 17, Issue 27. – P. 17670–17678. doi: 10.1039/c5cp02350e 

Lampert, C. M. Chromogenic smart materials [Text] / C. M. Lampert // Materials Today. – 2004. – Vol. 7, Issue 3. – P. 28–35. doi: 10.1016/s1369-7021(04)00123-3 

Granqvist, C. G. Electrochromics for smart windows: Oxide-based thin films and devices [Text] / C. G. Granqvist // Thin Solid Films. – 2014. – Vol. 564. – P. 1–38. doi: 10.1016/j.tsf.2014.02.002 

Browne, M. P. Electrochromic Nickel Oxide Films for Smart Window Applications [Text] / M. P. Browne // International Journal of Electrochemical Science. – 2016. – P. 6636–6647. doi: 10.20964/2016.08.38 

Kotok, V. The electrochemical cathodic template synthesis of nickel hydroxide thin films for electrochromic devices: role of temperature [Text] / V. Kotok, V. Kovalenko // Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies. – 2017. – Vol. 2, Issue 11 (86). – P. 28–34. doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2017.97371

Usha, K. S. Improved electrochromic performance of a radio frequency magnetron sputtered NiO thin film with high optical switching speed [Text] / K. S. Usha, R. Sivakumar, C. Sanjeeviraja, V. Sathe, V. Ganesan, T. Y. Wang // RSC Adv. – 2016. – Vol. 6, Issue 83. – P. 79668–79680. doi: 10.1039/c5ra27099e 

Velevska, J. Electrochromic properties of NiOx prepared by low vacuum evaporation [Text] / J. Velevska, M. Ristova // Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells. – 2002. – Vol. 73, Issue 2. – P. 131–139. doi: 10.1016/s0927-0248(01)00118-0 

Xia, X. H. Electrochromic properties of porous NiO thin films prepared by a chemical bath deposition [Text] / X. H. Xia, J. P. Tu, J. Zhang, X. L. Wang, W. K. Zhang, H. Huang // Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells. – 2008. – Vol. 92, Issue 6. – P. 628–633. doi: 10.1016/j.solmat.2008.01.009 

Dalavi, D. S. Electrochromic performance of sol-gel deposited NiO thin film [Text] / D. S. Dalavi, R. S. Devan, R. S. Patil, Y.-R. Ma, P. S. Patil // Materials Letters. – 2013. – Vol. 90. – P. 60–63. doi: 10.1016/j.matlet.2012.08.108 

Franta, D. Optical properties of NiO thin films prepared by pulsed laser deposition technique [Text] / D. Franta, B. Negulescu, L. Thomas, P. R. Dahoo, M. Guyot, I. Ohlidal et. al. // Applied Surface Science. – 2005. – Vol. 244, Issue 1-4. – P. 426–430. doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2004.09.150 

Sharma, R. Preparation and characterization of transparent NiO thin films deposited by spray pyrolysis technique [Text] / R. Sharma, A. D. Acharya, S. B. Shrivastava, T. Shripathi, V. Ganesan // Optik – International Journal for Light and Electron Optics. – 2014. – Vol. 125, Issue 22. – P. 6751–6756. doi: 10.1016/j.ijleo.2014.07.104 

Chigane, M. Enhanced Electrochromic Property of Nickel Hydroxide Thin Films Prepared by Anodic Deposition [Text] / M. Chigane // Journal of The Electrochemical Society. – 1994. – Vol. 141, Issue 12. – P. 3439. doi: 10.1149/1.2059350 

Kotok, V. A. The deposition of electrochromic film based on nikel hydroxide by electrochemical method [Text] / V. A. Kotok, V. L. Kovalenko, B. А. Ananchenko, E. N. Levko // XV International scientific conference «New Technologies and achievements in metallurgy, materials engineering and production engineering». – Czestochowa, 2014. – Р. 448–452.

Hall, D. S. Nickel hydroxides and related materials: a review of their structures, synthesis and properties [Text] / D. S. Hall, D. J. Lockwood, C. Bock, B. R. MacDougall // Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. – 2014. – Vol. 471, Issue 2174. – P. 20140792–20140792. doi: 10.1098/rspa.2014.0792 

Ten'kovcev, V. V. Osnovy teorii i ehkspluatacii germetichnyh akkumulyatorov [Text] / V. V. Ten'kovcev, B. I. Centr. – Leningrad, 1985. – 96 p.

Liu, B. Physical and electrochemical characteristics of aluminium-substituted nickel hydroxide [Text] / B. Liu, X. Y. Wang, H. T. Yuan, Y. S. Zhang, D. Y. Song, Z. X. Zhou // Journal of Applied Electrochemistry. – 1999. – Vol. 29, Issue 7. – P. 853–858. doi: 10.1023/a:1003537900947 







Copyright (c) 2017 Valerii Kotok, Vadym Kovalenko

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN (print) 1729-3774, ISSN (on-line) 1729-4061