Ethics publications and unfair practices

The Editors of the journal «Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies»  maintain a certain level of requirements for selection and accepting of the articles submitted by authors. These rules are determined by the scientific fields covered in the journal.

Drawing up the items of the publication ethics policy of the journal «Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies» Editors followed the recommendations of Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and the experience of foreign professional associations and other Ukrainian and foreign research institutions and publishers).

An essential feature of professional scientific community is the acceptance of the moral code which sets the basic rules of behavior and the responsibilities of the scientific community members before each other and in relation to the public. Such a code is defined by the intention to ensure maximum benefit to the professional community and to limit the actions, which could serve the interests of individuals, as well as to ensure an author's intellectual property rights.


Ethical obligations of the journal editors

1. All materials submitted for publication are carefully selected and reviewed. The editors reserve the right to reject the article or return it for revision. The author is obliged to revise the article in accordance with the comments of reviewers or the editorial board.

2. Editorial editors must review all manuscripts submitted for publication without prejudice, evaluating each one appropriately, regardless of race, religion, national origin, and the position or place of employment of the author(s).

3. The editors' responsible and balanced approach to the selection of manuscripts for publication is based on the recommendations of reviewers. However, manuscripts may be rejected without review if they do not meet the journal's profile.

4. Editorial editors and other editorial representatives should not present any information related to the content of the manuscript under consideration to anyone other than those involved in the professional evaluation of the manuscript. After a positive decision of the editors, the article is published in the journal and placed on the relevant electronic resources.

5. The editorial office must respect the intellectual independence of the authors.

6. The rights of the editor-in-chief of the journal or editors of the editorial office with respect to any submitted manuscript authored by the editor-in-chief or editors of the editorial office must be delegated to some other qualified person.

7. If convincing evidence is presented to the editorial office that the main content or conclusions of the work published in the journal are erroneous, the editorial office should facilitate the publication of an appropriate notice indicating the error and, if possible, correct it. The editors should be guided by the current principles provided for such cases, in particular the Rules of retraction and correction of published article.

8. In the event that the recommendations of two reviewers regarding the manuscript are diametrically different, the editors may engage a third reviewer, upon agreement with the editor-in-chief, and after that make a final decision on publication.

9. By submitting an article for publication, the author agrees that at the time of publication of the issue with his published article, indexing of the journal by any of the databases and other indexing resources of world scientific periodicals may be changed.
The editors guarantee the posting of up-to-date information about the indexing of the magazine. The decision to index the journal in databases and other indexing resources of world scientific periodicals does not depend on the editorial board of the journal and is not part of the publishing process.

Ethical Obligations of Authors

1. Main duty of an author is to present an accurate account of the research performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance.

2. An author should be aware that journal space is a limited resource and should use it wisely and economically.

3. A primary research report should contain sufficient detail and reference to public sources of information to permit the author’s peers to repeat the work. When requested, the authors should make a reasonable effort to provide samples of unusual materials unavailable elsewhere, with appropriate material transfer agreements to restrict the field of use of the materials so as to protect the legitimate interests of the authors.

4. An author should cite those publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work and that will guide the reader quickly to the earlier work that is essential for understanding the present investigation. Except in a review, citation of work that will not be referred to in the reported research should be minimized. An author is obligated to perform a literature search to find, and then cite, the original publications that describe closely related work. For critical materials used in the work, proper citation to sources should also be made when these were supplied by a non author.

5. Any unusual hazards appearing during an investigation should be clearly identified in a manuscript reporting the work.

6. Fragmentation of research reports should be avoided. A scientist who has done extensive work on a system or group of related systems should organize publication so that each report gives a well-rounded account of a particular aspect of the general study.

7. In submitting a manuscript for publication, an author should inform the editor of related manuscripts that the author has under editorial consideration or in press. Copies of those manuscripts should be supplied to the editor, and the relationships of such manuscripts to the one submitted should be indicated.

8. It is improper for an author to submit manuscripts describing essentially the same research to more than one journal of primary publication, unless it is a resubmission of a manuscript rejected for or withdrawn from publication. It is generally permissible to submit a manuscript for a full paper expanding on a previously published brief preliminary account (a “communication” or “letter”) of the same work. However, at the time of submission, the editor should be made aware of the earlier communication, and the preliminary communication should be cited in the manuscript.

9. An author should identify the source of all information quoted or offered, except that which is common knowledge. Information obtained privately, as in conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties, should not be used or reported in the author’s work without explicit permission from the investigator with whom the information originated. Information obtained in the course of confidential services, such as refereeing manuscripts or grant applications, should be treated similarly.

10. An experimental or theoretical study may sometimes justify criticism, even severe criticism, of the work of another scientist. When appropriate, such criticism may be offered in published papers. However, in no case is personal criticism considered to be appropriate.

11. The co-authors of a paper should be all those persons who have made significant scientific contributions to the work reported and who share responsibility and accountability for the results. Other contributions should be indicated in a footnote or an “Acknowledgments” section. An administrative relationship to the investigation does not of itself qualify a person for co-authorship (but occasionally it may be appropriate to acknowledge major administrative assistance). Deceased persons who meet the criterion for inclusion as co-authors should be so included, with a footnote reporting date of death. No fictitious name should be listed as an author or coauthor. The author who submits a manuscript for publication accepts the responsibility of having included as co-authors all persons appropriate and none inappropriate. The submitting author should have sent each living co-author a draft copy of the manuscript and have obtained the co-author’s assent to co-authorship of it.

12. The authors should reveal to the editor and to the readers of the journal any potential and/or relevant competing financial or other interest that might be affected by publication of the results contained in the authors’ manuscript. All authors should not have any personal significant financial interest and employment or other relationship with entities that have a financial or other interest which can affect the results described by the manuscript.


Ethical Obligations of Reviewers of Manuscripts

1. As the reviewing of manuscripts is an essential step in the publication process, and therefore in the operation of the scientific method, every scientist has an obligation to do a fair share of reviewing.

2. A chosen reviewer who feels inadequately qualified to judge the research reported in a manuscript should return it promptly to the editor.

3. A reviewer of a manuscript should judge objectively the quality of the manuscript, of its experimental and theoretical work, of its interpretations and its exposition, with due regard to the maintenance of high scientific and literary standards. A reviewer should respect the intellectual independence of the authors.

4. A reviewer should be sensitive to the appearance of a conflict of interest when the manuscript under review is closely related to the reviewer’s work in progress or published. If in doubt, the reviewer should return the manuscript promptly without review, advising the editor of the conflict of interest.

5. A reviewer should not evaluate a manuscript authored or co-authored by a person with whom the reviewer has a personal or professional connection if the relationship would bias judgment of the manuscript.

6. A reviewer should treat a manuscript sent for review as a confidential document. It should neither be shown to nor discussed with others except, in special cases, to persons from whom specific advice may be sought; in that event, the identities of those consulted should be disclosed to the editor.

7. Reviewers should explain and support their judgments adequately so that editors and authors may understand the basis of their comments. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. Unsupported assertions by reviewers (or by authors in rebuttal) are of little value and should be avoided.

8. A reviewer should be alert to failure of authors to cite relevant work by other scientists, bearing in mind that complaints that the reviewer’s own research was insufficiently cited may seem self-serving. A reviewer should call to the editor’s attention any substantial similarity between the manuscript under consideration and any published paper or any manuscript submitted concurrently to another journal.

9. A reviewer should act promptly, submitting a report in a timely manner.

10. Reviewers should not use or disclose unpublished information, arguments, or interpretations contained in a manuscript under consideration, except with the consent of the author. If this information indicates that some of the reviewer’s work is unlikely to be profitable, the reviewer, however, could ethically discontinue the work.


Actions in case of violation of publication ethics

If there is a suspicion that the reviewer has appropriated the ideas or data of the author:

The algorithm of actions is based on the COPE scheme "Reviewer suspected to have appropriated an author’s ideas or data"

1. This case can only be considered if documentary evidence from the author and / or other sources is provided (for example, publication, abstract, meeting report, copy of slides, grant application) аnd after examining the evidence (or contacting a specialist with the appropriate qualifications for this) and deciding whether the claims of the author and/or other sources are valid.

2. If the allegation has been proven, a request for investigation will be submitted to the reviewer and the institution of which he is an employee.

3. Links between the accused and the named reviewer will also be checked, such as the same department, personal relationships, and other conflicts of interest.

4. If the reviewer's guilt is proven, he will be permanently removed from the publisher's database.

5. If the borrowed idea or data has been published in another source, a request will be made to the relevant publication sources asking them to accept the withdrawal policy of the published material.


If there are suspicions of ethical issues with the submitted manuscript:

The algorithm of actions is based on the COPE scheme "Suspected ethical problem in a submitted manuscript"

1. Such suspicion may arise if, for example, there is a lack of ethical approval / concern regarding patient consent or protection / concern regarding animal experiments, etc.

2. A request will be made to the contributing author to provide relevant details (for example, an ethics committee certificate or a copy of informed consent documents).

3. If the relevant documents are not provided:

– the manuscript will be rejected and will not be published in the journal;

– the case will be referred for investigation to the institution of which the author (s) is (are).


For all questions regarding violation of publication ethics, data manipulation or plagiarism, contact exclusively at (Yuliia Prylutska)