DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2017.103100

Research into influence of the electrolysis modes on the composition of galvanic Fe-Co-Mo coatings

Iryna Yermolenko, Maryna Ved`, Ann Karakurkchi, Valeriya Proskurina, Irina Sknar, Yaroslav Kozlov, Olga Sverdlikovska, Oleksii Sigunov

Abstract


We examined the influence of the energy (current density і) and temporal (duration of pulse ton and pause toff, the ratio of ton/toff) parameters of the electrolysis on the composition and morphology of the Fe-Co-Mo coatings. An increase in the pulse duration contributes to the enrichment of alloy with molybdenum in proportion to the increasing current density. At the ratio of pulse/pause ton/toff>1–2, the composition of an alloy changes towards an increase in the content of iron. We demonstrated a tendency of the enrichment of coatings with a high-melting component and a decrease in the content of iron with an increase in the current density. It is shown that with an increase in the current density, the surface of coatings changes from the fine-grained to the globular structure. It was established that at fixed ton/toff, the power yield grows with an increase in the pulse duration over the entire interval of current densities. With an increase in the current density (at ton/toff=const) we observe a reduction in the process efficiency. It was found that the most optimal for obtaining the soft magnetic Fe-Co-Mo coatings is the current amplitude of 3 A/dm2, the duration of pulse 2–5 ms and of pause 10–20 ms. Current at amplitude of 5 A/dm2 is recommended when obtaining materials with the content of a high-melting component larger than 15 аt. %. It is shown that the regime of the unipolar pulse current makes it possible to obtain the Fe-Co-Mo coatings with the content of iron of 58–46 аt. %, cobalt – 34–43 аt. % and molybdenum – 6–17 аt. %. The results obtained create prerequisites to control the composition and properties of the Fe-Co-Mo coatings with a wide range of content of the alloy-forming components.


Keywords


current amplitude; pulse mode; Fe-Co-Mo coatings; ternary alloys; citrate electrolyte

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References


Tsyntsaru, N., Cesiulis, H., Donten, M., Sort, J., Pellicer, E., Podlaha-Murphy, E. J. (2012). Modern trends in tungsten alloys electrodeposition with iron group metals. Surface Engineering and Applied Electrochemistry, 48 (6), 491–520. doi: 10.3103/s1068375512060038

Podlaha, E. J. (1997). Induced Codeposition. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 144 (5), 1672. doi: 10.1149/1.1837658

Tsyntsaru, N., Dikusar, A., Cesiulis, H., Celis, J.-P., Bobanova, Z., Sidel’nikova, S. et. al. (2009). Tribological and corrosive characteristics of electrochemical coatings based on cobalt and iron superalloys. Powder Metallurgy and Metal Ceramics, 48 (7-8), 419–428. doi: 10.1007/s11106-009-9150-7

Yar-Mukhamedova, G., Ved, M., Sakhnenko, N., Karakurkchi, A., Yermolenko, I. (2016). Iron binary and ternary coatings with molybdenum and tungsten. Applied Surface Science, 383, 346–352. doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2016.04.046

Ramanauskas, R., L. Gudaviciute, R. Juskenas (2008). Effect of pulse plating on the composition and corrosion properties of Zn-Co and Zn-Fe alloy coatings. Chemija, 19 (1), 7–13.

Ved’, M. V., Sakhnenko, N. D., Karakurchi, A. V., Zyubanova, S. I. (2014). Electrodeposition of iron-molybdenum coatings from citrate electrolyte. Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, 87 (3), 276–282. doi: 10.1134/s1070427214030057

Danilov, F. I., Sknar, I. V., Sknar, Y. E. (2014). Electroplating of Ni-Fe alloys from methanesulfonate electrolytes. Russian Journal of Electrochemistry, 50 (3), 293–296. doi: 10.1134/s1023193514030045

Weston, D. P., Harris, S. J., Shipway, P. H., Weston, N. J., Yap, G. N. (2010). Establishing relationships between bath chemistry, electrodeposition and microstructure of Co–W alloy coatings produced from a gluconate bath. Electrochimica Acta, 55 (20), 5695–5708. doi: 10.1016/j.electacta.2010.05.005

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Hatchard, T. D., Harlow, J. E., Cullen, K. M., Dunlap, R. A., Dahn, J. R. (2012). Non–Noble Metal Catalysts Prepared from Fe in Acid Solution. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 159 (2), B121. doi: 10.1149/2.023202jes

Vernickaite, E., Tsyntsaru, N., Cesiulis, H. (2016). Electrodeposited Co-W alloys and their prospects as effective anode for methanol oxidation in acidic media. Surface and Coatings Technology, 307, 1322–1328. doi: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2016.07.049

Tsyntsaru, N. I., Belevskii, S. S., Volodina, G. F., Bersirova, O. L., Yapontseva, Y. S., Kublanovskii, V. S., Dikusar, A. I. (2007). Composition, structure, and corrosion properties of coatings of Co-W alloys electrodeposited under direct current. Surface Engineering and Applied Electrochemistry, 43 (5), 312–317. doi: 10.3103/s106837550705002x

Spasojevića, M., Ćirovićb N., Ribić-Zelenovića L., Spasojevićb P., Maričić A. (2014). Effect of Deposition Current Density and Annealing Temperature on the Microstructure, Hardness and Magnetic Properties of Nanostructured Nickel-Iron-Tungsten Alloys. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 161 (10), D463–D469. doi: 10.1149/2.0041410jes

Vernickaite, E., Antar, Z. Z., Nicolenco, A., Kreivaitis, R., Tsyntsaru, N., Cesiulis, H. (2015). Tribological and Corrosion Properties of Iron-Based Alloys. Proceedings of the 8th International Scientific Conference “BALTTRIB 2015.” doi: 10.15544/balttrib.2015.29

Silkin, S. A., Gotelyak, A. V., Tsyntsaru, N., Dikusar, A. I., Kreivaitis, R., Padgurskas, J. (2015). Effect of Bulk Current Density on Tribological Properties of Fe-W, Co-W and Ni-W Coatings. Proceedings of the 8th International Scientific Conference “BALTTRIB 2015.” doi: 10.15544/balttrib.2015.10

Grgur, B., Krstajic, N., Elezovic, N., Jovic, V. (2005). Electrodeposition and characterization of Fe–Mo alloys as cathodes for hydrogen evolution in the process of chlorate production. Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society, 70 (6), 879–889. doi: 10.2298/jsc0506879g

Glushkova, M., Bairachna, T., Ved, M., Sakhnenko, M. (2012). Electrodeposited Cobalt Alloys as Materials for Energy Technology. MRS Proceedings, 1491. doi: 10.1557/opl.2012.1672

Yapontseva, Y. S., Dikusar, A. I., Kyblanovskii, V. S. (2014). Study of the composition, corrosion, and catalytic properties of Co-W alloys electrodeposited from a citrate pyrophosphate electrolyte. Surface Engineering and Applied Electrochemistry, 50 (4), 330–336. doi: 10.3103/s1068375514040139

Ma, L. (2017). Electrodeposition and Characterization of Co-W Alloy from Regenerated Tungsten Salt. International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 1034–1051. doi: 10.20964/2017.02.37

Capel, H., Shipway, P. H., Harris, S. J. (2003). Sliding wear behaviour of electrodeposited cobalt–tungsten and cobalt–tungsten–iron alloys. Wear, 255 (7-12), 917–923. doi: 10.1016/s0043-1648(03)00241-2

Gomez, E., Pellicer, E., Alcobe, X., Valles, E. (2004). Properties of Co-Mo coatings obtained by electrodeposition at pH 6.6. Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, 8 (7), 497–504. doi: 10.1007/s10008-004-0495-z

Gomez, E., Pellicer, E., Valles, E. (2001). Electrodeposited cobalt molybdenum magnetic materials. Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 517 (1-2), 109–116. doi: 10.1016/s0022-0728(01)00682-9

Gomez, E., Kipervaser, Z. G., Pellicer, E., Valles, E. (2004). Extracting deposition parameters for cobalt–molybdenum alloy from potentiostatic current transients. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 6 (6), 1340–1344. doi: 10.1039/b315057g

Anicai, L., Costovici, S., Cojocaru, A., Manea, A., Visan, T. (2015). Electrodeposition of Co and CoMo alloys coatings using choline chloride based ionic liquids – evaluation of corrosion behaviour. Transactions of the IMF, 93 (6), 302–312. doi: 10.1080/00202967.2015.1117262

Zabinski, P., Mech, K., Kowalik, R. (2012). Co-Mo and Co-Mo-C Alloys Deposited in a Magnetic Field of High Intensity and their Electrocatalytic Properties. Archives of Metallurgy and Materials, 57 (1). doi: 10.2478/v10172-012-0001-z

Kublanovsky, V. S., Yapontseva, Y. S. (2014). Electrocatalytic Properties of Co-Mo Alloys Electrodeposited from a Citrate-Pyrophosphate Electrolyte. Electrocatalysis, 5 (4), 372–378. doi: 10.1007/s12678-014-0197-y

Ved, M. (2013). Catalytic properties of binary and ternary alloys based on silver. Functional Materials, 20 (1), 87–91. doi: 10.15407/fm20.01.087

Ved’, M. V., Sakhnenko, M. D., Karakurkchi, H. V., Ermolenko, I. Y., Fomina, L. P. (2016). Functional Properties of Fe−Mo and Fe−Mo−W Galvanic Alloys. Materials Science, 51 (5), 701–710. doi: 10.1007/s11003-016-9893-5

Feng-jiao, H., Jing-tian, L., Xin, L., Yu-ning, H. (2004). Friction and wear behavior of electrodeposited amorphous Fe-Co-W alloy deposits. Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China., 14 (5), 901–906.

Sakhnenko, N. D., Ved, M. V., Hapon, Y. K., Nenastina, T. A. (2015). Functional coatings of ternary alloys of cobalt with refractory metals. Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, 88 (12), 1941–1945. doi: 10.1134/s1070427215012006x

Ved’, M. V., Sakhnenko, M. D., Bohoyavlens’ka, O. V., Nenastina, T. O. (2008). Modeling of the surface treatment of passive metals. Materials Science, 44 (1), 79–86. doi: 10.1007/s11003-008-9046-6

Karakurkchi, A. V., Ved’, M. V., Sakhnenko, N. D., Yermolenko, I. Y. (2015). Electrodeposition of iron–molybdenum–tungsten coatings from citrate electrolytes. Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, 88 (11), 1860–1869. doi: 10.1134/s1070427215011018x

Karakurkchi, A. V., Ved’, M. V., Yermolenko, I. Y., Sakhnenko, N. D. (2016). Electrochemical deposition of Fe–Mo–W alloy coatings from citrate electrolyte. Surface Engineering and Applied Electrochemistry, 52 (1), 43–49. doi: 10.3103/s1068375516010087

Gomez, E., Pellicer, E., Valles, E. (2004). Electrodeposition of soft-magnetic cobalt–molybdenum coatings containing low molybdenum percentages. Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 568, 29–36. doi: 10.1016/j.jelechem.2003.12.032

Yermolenko, I. Yu., Ved’, M. V., Sakhnenko, N. D., Zubanova, S. I., Tychyna, O. N. (2017). AFM surface analysis of Fe-Co-Mo electrolytic coatings. Himia, Fizika ta Tehnologia Poverhni, 8 (1), 91–97. doi: 10.15407/hftp08.01.091

Ghaferi, Z., Sharafi, S., Bahrololoom, M. E. (2016). The role of electrolyte pH on phase evolution and magnetic properties of CoFeW codeposited films. Applied Surface Science, 375, 35–41. doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2016.03.063

Ved, M. V., Sakhnenko, N. D., Karakurkchi, A. V., Yermolenko, I. Yu. (2014). Electroplating and functional properties of Fe–Mo and Fe–Mo–W coatings. Voprosy khimii i khimicheskoi tekhnologii, 5 (6 (98)), 53–60.

Danilov, F. I., Protsenko, V. S., Ubiikon’, A. V. (2005). Kinetic Regularities Governing the Reaction of Electrodeposition of Iron from Solutions of Citrate Complexes of Iron(III). Russian Journal of Electrochemistry, 41 (12), 1282–1289. doi: 10.1007/s11175-005-0216-7

Shul’man, A. I., Belevskii, S. S., Yushchenko, S. P., Dikusar, A. I. (2014). Role of complexation in forming composition of Co-W coatings electrodeposited from gluconate electrolyte. Surface Engineering and Applied Electrochemistry, 50 (1), 9–17. doi: 10.3103/s106837551401013x

Tochitskiy, A., Dmitrieva, A. E. (2013). On the Mechanism of X-Ray Amorphous Structure Formation in Ni-W Alloys Film. Metallofizika i noveyshie tekhnologii, 35 (12), 1629–1636.


GOST Style Citations


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Podlaha, E. J. Induced Codeposition [Text] / E. J. Podlaha // Journal of The Electrochemical Society. – 1997. – Vol. 1444, Issue 5. – P. 1672. doi: 10.1149/1.1837658 

Tsyntsaru, N. Tribological and corrosive characteristics of electrochemical coatings based on cobalt and iron superalloys [Text] / N. Tsyntsaru, A. Dikusar, H. Cesiulis, J.-P. Celis, Zh. Bobanova, S. Sidel’nikova et. al. // Powder Metallurgy and Metal Ceramics. – 2009. – Vol. 48, Issue 7-8. – P. 419–428. doi: 10.1007/s11106-009-9150-7 

Yar-Mukhamedova, G. Iron binary and ternary coatings with molybdenum and tungsten [Text] / G. Yar-Mukhamedova, M. Ved, N. Sakhnenko, A. Karakurkchi, I. Yermolenko // Applied Surface Science. – 2016. – Vol. 383. – P. 346–352. doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2016.04.046 

Ramanauskas, R. Effect of pulse plating on the composition and corrosion properties of Zn-Co and Zn-Fe alloy coatings [Text] / R. Ramanauskas, L. Gudaviciute, R. Juskenas // Chemija. ‒ 2008. ‒ Vol. 19, Issue 1. ‒ P. 7–13.

Ved’, M. V. Electrodeposition of iron-molybdenum coatings from citrate electrolyte [Text] / M. V. Ved’, N. D. Sakhnenko, A. V. Karakurchi, S. I. Zyubanova // Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry. – 2014. – Vol. 87, Issue 3. – P. 276–282. doi: 10.1134/s1070427214030057 

Danilov, F. I. Electroplating of Ni-Fe alloys from methanesulfonate electrolytes [Text] / F. I. Danilov, I. V. Sknar, Yu. E. Sknar // Russian Journal of Electrochemistry. – 2014. – Vol. 50, Issue 3. – P. 293–296. doi: 10.1134/s1023193514030045 

Weston, D. P. Establishing relationships between bath chemistry, electrodeposition and microstructure of Co–W alloy coatings produced from a gluconate bath [Text] / D. P. Weston, S. J. Harris, P. H. Shipway, N. J. Weston, G. N. Yap // Electrochimica Acta. – 2010. – Vol. 55, Issue 20. – P. 5695–5708. doi: 10.1016/j.electacta.2010.05.005 

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Hatchard, T. D. Non–Noble Metal Catalysts Prepared from Fe in Acid Solution [Text] / T. D. Hatchard, J. E. Harlow, K. M. Cullen, R. A. Dunlap, J. R. Dahn // Journal of The Electrochemical Society. – 2012. – Vol. 159, Issue 2. – P. B121. doi: 10.1149/2.023202jes 

Vernickaite, E. Electrodeposited Co-W alloys and their prospects as effective anode for methanol oxidation in acidic media [Text] / E. Vernickaite, N. Tsyntsaru, H. Cesiulis // Surface and Coatings Technology. – 2016. – Vol. 307. – P. 1322–1328. doi: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2016.07.049 

Tsyntsaru, N. I. Composition, structure, and corrosion properties of coatings of Co-W alloys electrodeposited under direct current [Text] / N. I. Tsyntsaru, S. S. Belevskii, G. F. Volodina, O. L. Bersirova, Yu. S. Yapontseva, V. S. Kublanovskii, A. I. Dikusar // Surface Engineering and Applied Electrochemistry. – 2007. – Vol. 43, Issue 5. – P. 312–317. doi: 10.3103/s106837550705002x 

Spasojevića, M. Effect of Deposition Current Density and Annealing Temperature on the Microstructure, Hardness and Magnetic Properties of Nanostructured Nickel-Iron-Tungsten Alloys [Text] / M. Spasojevića, N. Ćirovićb, L. Ribić-Zelenovića, P. Spasojevićb, A. Maričić // Journal of the Electrochemical Society. – 2014. – Vol. 161, Issue 10. – P. D463–D469. doi: 10.1149/2.0041410jes 

Vernickaite, E. Tribological and Corrosion Properties of Iron-Based Alloys [Text] / E. Vernickaite, Z. Z. Antar, A. Nicolenco, R. Kreivaitis, N. Tsyntsaru, H. Cesiulis // Proceedings of the 8th International Scientific Conference "BALTTRIB 2015". – 2015. doi: 10.15544/balttrib.2015.29 

Silkin, S. A. Effect of Bulk Current Density on Tribological Properties of Fe-W, Co-W and Ni-W Coatings [Text] / S. A. Silkin, A. V. Gotelyak, N. Tsyntsaru, A. I. Dikusar, R. Kreivaitis, J. Padgurskas // Proceedings of the 8th International Scientific Conference "BALTTRIB 2015". – 2015. doi: 10.15544/balttrib.2015.10 

Grgur, B. Electrodeposition and characterization of Fe–Mo alloys as cathodes for hydrogen evolution in the process of chlorate production [Text] / B. Grgur, N. Krstajic, N. Elezovic, V. Jovic // Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society. – 2005. – Vol. 70, Issue 6. – P. 879–889. doi: 10.2298/jsc0506879g 

Glushkova, M. Electrodeposited Cobalt Alloys as Materials for Energy Technology [Text] / M. Glushkova, T. Bairachna, M. Ved, M. Sakhnenko // MRS Proceedings. – 2012. – Vol. 1491. doi: 10.1557/opl.2012.1672 

Yapontseva, Yu. S. Study of the composition, corrosion, and catalytic properties of Co-W alloys electrodeposited from a citrate pyrophosphate electrolyte [Text] / Yu. S. Yapontseva, A. I. Dikusar, V. S. Kyblanovskii // Surface Engineering and Applied Electrochemistry. – 2014. – Vol. 50, Issue 4. – P. 330–336. doi: 10.3103/s1068375514040139 

Ma, L. Electrodeposition and Characterization of Co-W Alloy from Regenerated Tungsten Salt [Text] / L. Ma // International Journal of Electrochemical Science. – 2017. – P. 1034–1051. doi: 10.20964/2017.02.37 

Capel, H. Sliding wear behaviour of electrodeposited cobalt–tungsten and cobalt–tungsten–iron alloys [Text] / H. Capel, P. H. Shipway, S. J. Harris // Wear. – 2003. – Vol. 255, Issue 7-12. – P. 917–923. doi: 10.1016/s0043-1648(03)00241-2 

Gomez, E. Properties of Co-Mo coatings obtained by electrodeposition at pH 6.6 [Text] / E. Gomez, E. Pellicer, X. Alcobe, E. Valles // Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry. – 2004. – Vol. 8, Issue 7. – P. 497–504. doi: 10.1007/s10008-004-0495-z 

Gomez, E. Electrodeposited cobalt molybdenum magnetic materials [Text] / E. Gomez, E. Pellicer, E. Valles // Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry. – 2001. – Vol. 517, Issue 1-2. – P. 109–116. doi: 10.1016/s0022-0728(01)00682-9 

Gomez, E. Extracting deposition parameters for cobalt–molybdenum alloy from potentiostatic current transients [Text] / E. Gomez, Z. G. Kipervaser, E. Pellicer, E. Valles // Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. – 2004. – Vol. 6, Issue 6. – P. 1340–1344. doi: 10.1039/b315057g 

Anicai, L. Electrodeposition of Co and CoMo alloys coatings using choline chloride based ionic liquids – evaluation of corrosion behaviour [Text] / L. Anicai, S. Costovici, A. Cojocaru, A. Manea, T. Visan // Transactions of the IMF. – 2015. – Vol. 93, Issue 6. – P. 302–312. doi: 10.1080/00202967.2015.1117262 

Zabinski, P. Co-Mo and Co-Mo-C Alloys Deposited in a Magnetic Field of High Intensity and their Electrocatalytic Properties [Text] / P. Zabinski, K. Mech, R. Kowalik // Archives of Metallurgy and Materials. – 2012. – Vol. 57, Issue 1. doi: 10.2478/v10172-012-0001-z 

Kublanovsky, V. S. Electrocatalytic Properties of Co-Mo Alloys Electrodeposited from a Citrate-Pyrophosphate Electrolyte [Text] / V. S. Kublanovsky, Yu. S. Yapontseva // Electrocatalysis. – 2014. – Vol. 5, Issue 4. – P. 372–378. doi: 10.1007/s12678-014-0197-y 

Ved, M. Catalytic properties of binary and ternary alloys based on silver [Text] / M. Ved // Functional Materials. – 2013. – Vol. 20, Issue 1. – P. 87–91. doi: 10.15407/fm20.01.087 

Ved’, M. V. Functional Properties of Fe−Mo and Fe−Mo−W Galvanic Alloys [Text] / M. V. Ved’, M. D. Sakhnenko, H. V. Karakurkchi, I. Yu. Ermolenko, L. P. Fomina // Materials Science. – 2016. – Vol. 51, Issue 5. – P. 701–710. doi: 10.1007/s11003-016-9893-5 

Feng-jiao, H. Friction and wear behavior of electrodeposited amorphous Fe-Co-W alloy deposits [Text] / H. Feng-jiao, L. Jing-tian, L. Xin, H. Yu-ning // Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China. – 2004. – Vol. 14, Issue 5. – P. 901–906.

Sakhnenko, N. D. Functional coatings of ternary alloys of cobalt with refractory metals [Text] / N. D. Sakhnenko, M. V. Ved, Yu. K. Hapon, T. A. Nenastina // Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry. – 2015. – Vol. 88, Issue 12. – P. 1941–1945. doi: 10.1134/s1070427215012006x 

Ved’, M. V. Modeling of the surface treatment of passive metals [Text] / M. V. Ved’, M. D. Sakhnenko, O. V. Bohoyavlens’ka, T. O. Nenastina // Materials Science. – 2008. – Vol. 44, Issue 1. – P. 79–86. doi: 10.1007/s11003-008-9046-6 

Karakurkchi, A. V. Electrodeposition of iron–molybdenum–tungsten coatings from citrate electrolytes [Text] / A. V. Karakurkchi, M. V. Ved’, N. D. Sakhnenko, I. Yu. Yermolenko // Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry. – 2015. – Vol. 88, Issue 11. – P. 1860–1869. doi: 10.1134/s1070427215011018x 

Karakurkchi, A. V. Electrochemical deposition of Fe–Mo–W alloy coatings from citrate electrolyte [Text] / A. V. Karakurkchi, M. V. Ved’, I. Yu. Yermolenko, N. D. Sakhnenko // Surface Engineering and Applied Electrochemistry. – 2016. – Vol. 52, Issue 1. – P. 43–49. doi: 10.3103/s1068375516010087 

Gomez, E. Electrodeposition of soft-magnetic cobalt–molybdenum coatings containing low molybdenum percentages [Text] / E. Gomez, E. Pellicer, E. Valles // Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry. – 2004. – Vol. 568. – P. 29–36. doi: 10.1016/j.jelechem.2003.12.032 

Yermolenko, I. Yu. AFM surface analysis of Fe-Co-Mo electrolytic coatings [Text] / I. Yu. Yermolenko, M. V. Ved’, N. D. Sakhnenko, S. I. Zubanova, O. N. Tychyna // Himia, Fizika ta Tehnologia Poverhni. – 2017. – Vol. 8, Issue 1. – P. 91–97. doi: 10.15407/hftp08.01.091 

Ghaferi, Z. The role of electrolyte pH on phase evolution and magnetic properties of CoFeW codeposited films [Text] / Z. Ghaferi, S. Sharafi, M. E. Bahrololoom // Applied Surface Science. – 2016. – Vol. 375. – P. 35–41. doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2016.03.063 

Ved, M. V. Electroplating and functional properties of Fe–Mo and Fe–Mo–W coatings [Text] / M. V. Ved, N. D. Sakhnenko, A. V. Karakurkchi, I. Yu. Yermolenko // Voprosy khimii i khimicheskoi tekhnologii. – 2014. – Vol. 5, Issue 6 (98). – P. 53–60.

Danilov, F. I. Kinetic Regularities Governing the Reaction of Electrodeposition of Iron from Solutions of Citrate Complexes of Iron(III) [Text] / F. I. Danilov, V. S. Protsenko, A. V. Ubiikon' // Russian Journal of Electrochemistry. – 2005. – Vol. 41, Issue 12. – P. 1282–1289. doi: 10.1007/s11175-005-0216-7 

Shul’man, A. I. Role of complexation in forming composition of Co-W coatings electrodeposited from gluconate electrolyte [Text] / A. I. Shul’man, S. S. Belevskii, S. P. Yushchenko, A. I. Dikusar // Surface Engineering and Applied Electrochemistry. – 2014. – Vol. 50, Issue 1. – P. 9–17. doi: 10.3103/s106837551401013x 

Tochitskiy, A. On the Mechanism of X-Ray Amorphous Structure Formation in Ni-W Alloys Film [Text] / A. Tochitskiy, A. E. Dmitrieva // Metallofizika i noveyshie tekhnologii. – 2013. – Vol. 35, Issue 12. – P. 1629–1636.







Copyright (c) 2017 Iryna Yermolenko, Maryna Ved`, Ann Karakurkchi, Valeriya Proskurina, Irina Sknar, Yaroslav Kozlov, Olga Sverdlikovska, Oleksii Sigunov

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ISSN (print) 1729-3774, ISSN (on-line) 1729-4061