DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2017.110390

Definition of effectiveness of β-Ni(OH)2 application in the alkaline secondary cells and hybrid supercapacitors

Vadym Kovalenko, Valerii Kotok

Abstract


Nickel hydroxide is widely used as an active material for alkaline accumulators and hybrid supercapacitors. One of the main parameters of the accumulator and supercapacitor operation is the stability of characteristics. -Ni(OH)2 is the most stable form of nickel hydroxide. To evaluate the effectiveness of using -Ni(OH)2 with high crystallinity in secondary cells and supercapacitors, the method of ultracrystalline-Ni(OH)2 synthesis by slow decomposition of tetraammine nickel hydroxide has been developed. Structural properties of the samples were studied by means of X-ray diffraction and specific surface area was calculated using the BET method from nitrogen desorption experiments. A comparative study of characteristics of ultracrystalline and highly crystalline commercial samples, by means of galvanostatic charge-discharge cycling in the accumulator and supercapacitor regimes was conducted. Low electrochemical effectiveness (coulombic efficiency of 35 %, specific capacity of 101.2 mA·h/g) of ultracrystalline -Ni(OH)2 in accumulator regime was demonstrated. It was discovered, that ultracrystalline -Ni(OH)2, prepared with the decomposition method has high specific characteristics in the supercapacitor regime. At high cycling current densities (40–120 mA/cm2), specific capacities greatly increase, which is explained by the breakdown of hydroxide particle aggregates to smaller ones with an increase of specific surface area. The highest achieved capacities are 120.4 mA·h/g and 276 F/g.


Keywords


nickel hydroxide; high crystallinity; specific capacity; supercapacitor; alkaline accumulator; particle aggregate breakdown; decomposition method

References


Posada, J. O. G., Rennie, A. J. R., Villar, S. P., Martins, V. L., Marinaccio, J., Barnes, A. et. al. (2017). Aqueous batteries as grid scale energy storage solutions. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 68, 1174–1182. doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2016.02.024

Simon, P., Gogotsi, Y. (2008). Materials for electrochemical capacitors. Nature Materials, 7 (11), 845–854. doi: 10.1038/nmat2297

Burke, A. (2007). R&D considerations for the performance and application of electrochemical capacitors. Electrochimica Acta, 53 (3), 1083–1091. doi: 10.1016/j.electacta.2007.01.011

Lang, J.-W., Kong, L.-B., Liu, M., Luo, Y.-C., Kang, L. (2009). Asymmetric supercapacitors based on stabilized α-Ni(OH)2 and activated carbon. Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, 14 (8), 1533–1539. doi: 10.1007/s10008-009-0984-1

Lang, J.-W., Kong, L.-B., Wu, W.-J., Liu, M., Luo, Y.-C., Kang, L. (2008). A facile approach to the preparation of loose-packed Ni(OH)2 nanoflake materials for electrochemical capacitors. Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, 13 (2), 333–340. doi: 10.1007/s10008-008-0560-0

Aghazadeh, M., Ghaemi, M., Sabour, B., Dalvand, S. (2014). Electrochemical preparation of α-Ni(OH)2 ultrafine nanoparticles for high-performance supercapacitors. Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, 18 (6), 1569–1584. doi: 10.1007/s10008-014-2381-7

Hu, M., Lei, L. (2006). Effects of particle size on the electrochemical performances of a layered double hydroxide, [Ni4Al(OH)10]NO3. Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, 11 (6), 847–852. doi: 10.1007/s10008-006-0231-y

Zheng, C., Liu, X., Chen, Z., Wu, Z., Fang, D. (2014). Excellent supercapacitive performance of a reduced graphene oxide/Ni(OH)2 composite synthesized by a facile hydrothermal route. Journal of Central South University, 21 (7), 2596–2603. doi: 10.1007/s11771-014-2218-7

Wang, B., Williams, G. R., Chang, Z., Jiang, M., Liu, J., Lei, X., Sun, X. (2014). Hierarchical NiAl Layered Double Hydroxide/Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube/Nickel Foam Electrodes with Excellent Pseudocapacitive Properties. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 6 (18), 16304–16311. doi: 10.1021/am504530e

Kovalenko, V. L., Kotok, V. A., Sykchin, A. A., Mudryi, I. A., Ananchenko, B. A., Burkov, A. A. et. al. (2016). Nickel hydroxide obtained by high-temperature two-step synthesis as an effective material for supercapacitor applications. Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, 21 (3), 683–691. doi: 10.1007/s10008-016-3405-2

Ramesh, T. N., Kamath, P. V., Shivakumara, C. (2005). Correlation of Structural Disorder with the Reversible Discharge Capacity of Nickel Hydroxide Electrode. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 152 (4), A806. doi: 10.1149/1.1865852

Zhao, Y., Zhu, Z., Zhuang, Q.-K. (2005). The relationship of spherical nano-Ni(OH)2 microstructure with its voltammetric behavior. Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, 10 (11), 914–919. doi: 10.1007/s10008-005-0035-5

Jayashree, R. S., Kamath, P. V., Subbanna, G. N. (2000). The Effect of Crystallinity on the Reversible Discharge Capacity of Nickel Hydroxide. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 147 (6), 2029. doi: 10.1149/1.1393480

Jayashree, R. S., Kamath, P. V. (1999). Factors governing the electrochemical synthesis of a-nickel (II) hydroxide. Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 29 (4), 449–454.

Ramesh, T. N., Kamath, P. V. (2006). Synthesis of nickel hydroxide: Effect of precipitation conditions on phase selectivity and structural disorder. Journal of Power Sources, 156 (2), 655–661. doi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2005.05.050

Rajamathi, M., Vishnu Kamath, P., Seshadri, R. (2000). Polymorphism in nickel hydroxide: role of interstratification. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 10 (2), 503–506. doi: 10.1039/a905651c

Hu, M., Yang, Z., Lei, L., Sun, Y. (2011). Structural transformation and its effects on the electrochemical performances of a layered double hydroxide. Journal of Power Sources, 196 (3), 1569–1577. doi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.08.041

Solovov, V., Kovalenko, V., Nikolenko, N., Kotok, V., Vlasova, E. (2017). Influence of temperature on the characteristics of Ni(II), Ti(IV) layered double hydroxides synthesised by different methods. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 1 (6 (85)), 16–22. doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2017.90873

Kovalenko, V., Kotok, V. (2017). Study of the influence of the template concentration under homogeneous precepitation on the properties of Ni(OH)2 for supercapacitors. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 4 (6 (88)), 17–22. doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2017.106813

Kovalenko, V., Kotok, V. (2017). Obtaining of Ni-Al layered double hydroxide by slit diaphragm electrolyzer. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 2 (6 (86)), 11–17. doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2017.95699

Kotok, V., Kovalenko, V. (2017). The properties investigation of the faradaic supercapacitor electrode formed on foamed nickel substrate with polyvinyl alcohol using. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 4 (12 (88)), 31–37. doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2017.108839

Kotok, V., Kovalenko, V. (2017). The electrochemical cathodic template synthesis of nickel hydroxide thin films for electrochromic devices: role of temperature. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 2 (11 (86)), 28–34. doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2017.97371

Kotok, V., Kovalenko, V. (2017). Electrochromism of Ni(OH)2 films obtained by cathode template method with addition of Al, Zn, Co ions. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 3 (12 (87)), 38–43. doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2017.103010

Kotok, V. A., Kovalenko, V. L., Kovalenko, P. V., Solovov, V. A., Deabate, S., Mehdi, A. et. al. (2017) Advanced electrochromic Ni(OH)2/PVA films formed by electrochemical template synthesis. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 12 (13), 3962–3977.

Vidotti, M., Torresi, R., de Torresi, S. I. C. (2010). Nickel hydroxide modified electrodes: a review study concerning its structural and electrochemical properties aiming the application in electrocatalysis, electrochromism and secondary batteries. Química Nova, 33 (10), 2176–2186. doi: 10.1590/s0100-40422010001000030

Кovalenko, V., Kotok, V., Bolotin, O. (2016). Definition of factors influencing on Ni(OH)2 electrochemical characteristics for supercapacitors. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 5 (6 (83)), 17–22. doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2016.79406

Hall, D. S., Lockwood, D. J., Poirier, S., Bock, C., MacDougall, B. R. (2012). Raman and Infrared Spectroscopy of α and β Phases of Thin Nickel Hydroxide Films Electrochemically Formed on Nickel. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 116 (25), 6771–6784. doi: 10.1021/jp303546r

Hermet, P., Gourrier, L., Bantignies, J.-L., Ravot, D., Michel, T., Deabate, S. et. al. (2011). Dielectric, magnetic, and phonon properties of nickel hydroxide. Physical Review B, 84 (23). doi: 10.1103/physrevb.84.235211

Gourrier, L., Deabate, S., Michel, T., Paillet, M., Hermet, P., Bantignies, J.-L., Henn, F. (2011). Characterization of Unusually Large “Pseudo-Single Crystal” of β-Nickel Hydroxide. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 115 (30), 15067–15074. doi: 10.1021/jp203222t

Li, Q., Ni, H., Cai, Y., Cai, X., Liu, Y., Chen, G. et. al. (2013). Preparation and supercapacitor application of the single crystal nickel hydroxide and oxide nanosheets. Materials Research Bulletin, 48 (9), 3518–3526. doi: 10.1016/j.materresbull.2013.05.049

Vasserman, I. N. (1980). Khimicheskoe osazdenie is rastvorov [Chemical precipitation from solutions]. Leningrad: Khimia, 208

Burmistr, M. V., Boiko, V. S., Lipko, E. O., Gerasimenko, K. O., Gomza, Y. P., Vesnin, R. L. et. al. (2014). Antifriction and Construction Materials Based on Modified Phenol-Formaldehyde Resins Reinforced with Mineral and Synthetic Fibrous Fillers. Mechanics of Composite Materials, 50 (2), 213–222. doi: 10.1007/s11029-014-9408-0

Kotok, V., Kovalenko, V. (2017). Optimization of nickel hydroxide electrode of the hybrid supercapacitor. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 1 (6 (85)), 4–9. doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2017.90810


GOST Style Citations


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Simon, P. Materials for electrochemical capacitors [Text] / P. Simon, Y. Gogotsi // Nature Materials. – 2008. – Vol. 7, Issue 11. – P. 845–854. doi: 10.1038/nmat2297 

Burke, A. R&D considerations for the performance and application of electrochemical capacitors [Text] / A. Burke // Electrochimica Acta. – 2007. – Vol. 53, Issue 3. – P. 1083–1091. doi: 10.1016/j.electacta.2007.01.011 

Lang, J.-W. Asymmetric supercapacitors based on stabilized α-Ni(OH)2 and activated carbon [Text] / J.-W. Lang, L.-B. Kong, M. Liu, Y.-C. Luo, L. Kang // Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry. – 2009. – Vol. 14, Issue 8. – P. 1533–1539. doi: 10.1007/s10008-009-0984-1 

Lang, J.-W. A facile approach to the preparation of loose-packed Ni(OH)2 nanoflake materials for electrochemical capacitors [Text] / J.-W. Lang, L.-B. Kong, W.-J. Wu, M. Liu, Y.-C. Luo, L. Kang // Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry. – 2008. – Vol. 13, Issue 2. – P. 333–340. doi: 10.1007/s10008-008-0560-0 

Aghazadeh, M. Electrochemical preparation of α-Ni(OH)2 ultrafine nanoparticles for high-performance supercapacitors [Text] / M. Aghazadeh, M. Ghaemi, B. Sabour, S. Dalvand // Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry. – 2014. – Vol. 18, Issue 6. – P. 1569–1584. doi: 10.1007/s10008-014-2381-7 

Hu, M. Effects of particle size on the electrochemical performances of a layered double hydroxide, [Ni4Al(OH)10]NO3 [Text] / M. Hu, L. Lei // Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry. – 2006. – Vol. 11, Issue 6. – P. 847–852. doi: 10.1007/s10008-006-0231-y 

Zheng, C. Excellent supercapacitive performance of a reduced graphene oxide/Ni(OH)2 composite synthesized by a facile hydrothermal route [Text] / C. Zheng, X. Liu, Z. Chen, Z. Wu, D. Fang // Journal of Central South University. – 2014. – Vol. 21, Issue 7. – P. 2596–2603. doi: 10.1007/s11771-014-2218-7 

Wang, B. Hierarchical NiAl Layered Double Hydroxide/Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube/Nickel Foam Electrodes with Excellent Pseudocapacitive Properties [Text] / B. Wang, G. R. Williams, Z. Chang, M. Jiang, J. Liu, X. Lei, X. Sun // ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. – 2014. – Vol. 6, Issue 18. – P. 16304–16311. doi: 10.1021/am504530e 

Kovalenko, V. L. Nickel hydroxide obtained by high-temperature two-step synthesis as an effective material for supercapacitor applications [Text] / V. L. Kovalenko, V. A. Kotok, A. A. Sykchin, I. A. Mudryi, B. A. Ananchenko, A. A. Burkov et. al. // Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry. – 2016. – Vol. 21, Issue 3. – P. 683–691. doi: 10.1007/s10008-016-3405-2 

Ramesh, T. N. Correlation of Structural Disorder with the Reversible Discharge Capacity of Nickel Hydroxide Electrode [Text] / T. N. Ramesh, P. Vishnu Kamath, C. Shivakumara // Journal of The Electrochemical Society. – 2005. – Vol. 152, Issue 4. – P. A806. doi: 10.1149/1.1865852 

Zhao, Y. The relationship of spherical nano-Ni(OH)2 microstructure with its voltammetric behavior [Text] / Y. Zhao, Z. Zhu, Q.-K. Zhuang // Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry. – 2005. – Vol. 10, Issue 11. – P. 914–919. doi: 10.1007/s10008-005-0035-5 

Jayashree, R. S. The Effect of Crystallinity on the Reversible Discharge Capacity of Nickel Hydroxide [Text] / R. S. Jayashree, P. Vishnu Kamath, G. N. Subbanna // Journal of The Electrochemical Society. – 2000. – Vol. 147, Issue 6. – P. 2029. doi: 10.1149/1.1393480 

Jayashree, R. S. Factors governing the electrochemical synthesis of a-nickel (II) hydroxide [Text] / R. S. Jayashree, P. V. Kamath // Journal of Applied Electrochemistry. – 1999. – Vol. 29, Issue 4. – P. 449–454.

Ramesh, T. N. Synthesis of nickel hydroxide: Effect of precipitation conditions on phase selectivity and structural disorder [Text] / T. N. Ramesh, P. V. Kamath // Journal of Power Sources. – 2006. – Vol. 156, Issue 2. – P. 655–661. doi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2005.05.050 

Rajamathi, M. Polymorphism in nickel hydroxide: role of interstratification [Text] / M. Rajamathi, P. V. Kamath, R. Seshadri // Journal of Materials Chemistry. – 2000. – Vol. 10, Issue 2. – P. 503–506. doi: 10.1039/a905651c 

Hu, M. Structural transformation and its effects on the electrochemical performances of a layered double hydroxide [Text] / M. Hu, Z. Yang, L. Lei, Y. Sun // Journal of Power Sources. – 2011. – Vol. 196, Issue 3. – P. 1569–1577. doi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.08.041 

Solovov, V. Influence of temperature on the characteristics of Ni(II), Ti(IV) layered double hydroxides synthesised by different methods [Text] / V. Solovov, V. Kovalenko, N. Nikolenko, V. Kotok, E. Vlasova // Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies. – 2017. – Vol. 1, Issue 6 (85). – P. 16–22. doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2017.90873 

Kovalenko, V. Study of the influence of the template concentration under homogeneous precepitation on the properties of Ni(OH)2 for supercapacitors [Text] / V. Kovalenko, V. Kotok // Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies. – 2017. – Vol. 4, Issue 6 (88). – P. 17–22. doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2017.106813

Kovalenko, V. Obtaining of Ni-Al layered double hydroxide by slit diaphragm electrolyzer [Text] / V. Kovalenko, V. Kotok // Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies. – 2017. – Vol. 2, Issue 6 (86). – P. 11–17. doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2017.95699 

Kotok, V. The properties investigation of the faradaic supercapacitor electrode formed on foamed nickel substrate with polyvinyl alcohol using [Text] / V. Kotok, V. Kovalenko // Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies. – 2017. – Vol. 4, Issue 12 (88). – P. 31–37. doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2017.108839

Kotok, V. The electrochemical cathodic template synthesis of nickel hydroxide thin films for electrochromic devices: role of temperature [Text] / V. Kotok, V. Kovalenko // Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies. – 2017. – Vol. 2, Issue 11 (86). – P. 28–34. doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2017.97371 

Kotok, V. Electrochromism of Ni(OH)2 films obtained by cathode template method with addition of Al, Zn, Co ions [Text] / V. Kotok, V. Kovalenko // Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies. – 2017. – Vol. 3, Issue 12 (87). – P. 38–43. doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2017.103010 

Kotok, V. A. Advanced electrochromic Ni(OH)2/PVA films formed by electrochemical template synthesis [Text] / V. A. Kotok, V. L. Kovalenko, P. V. Kovalenko, V. A. Solovov, S. Deabate, A. Mehdi et. al. // ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. – 2017. – Vol. 12, Issue 13. – P. 3962–3977.

Vidotti, M. Nickel hydroxide modified electrodes: a review study concerning its structural and electrochemical properties aiming the application in electrocatalysis, electrochromism and secondary batteries [Text] / M. Vidotti, R. Torresi, S. I. C. de Torresi // Química Nova. – 2010. – Vol. 33, Issue 10. – P. 2176–2186. doi: 10.1590/s0100-40422010001000030 

Kovalenko, V. Definition of factors influencing on Ni(OH)2 electrochemical characteristics for supercapacitors [Text] / V. Kovalenko, V. Kotok, O. Bolotin // Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies. – 2016. – Vol. 5, Issue 6. – P. 17–22. doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2016.79406 

Hall, D. S. Raman and Infrared Spectroscopy of α and β Phases of Thin Nickel Hydroxide Films Electrochemically Formed on Nickel [Text] / D. S. Hall, D. J. Lockwood, S. Poirier, C. Bock, B. R. MacDougall // The Journal of Physical Chemistry A. – 2012. – Vol. 116, Issue 25. – P. 6771–6784. doi: 10.1021/jp303546r 

Hermet, P. Dielectric, magnetic, and phonon properties of nickel hydroxide [Text] / P. Hermet, L. Gourrier, J.-L. Bantignies, D. Ravot, T. Michel, S. Deabate et. al. // Physical Review B. – 2011. – Vol. 84, Issue 23. doi: 10.1103/physrevb.84.235211 

Gourrier, L. Characterization of Unusually Large “Pseudo-Single Crystal” of β-Nickel Hydroxide [Text] / L. Gourrier, S. Deabate, T. Michel, M. Paillet, P. Hermet, J.-L. Bantignies, F. Henn // The Journal of Physical Chemistry C. – 2011. – Vol. 115, Issue 30. – P. 15067–15074. doi: 10.1021/jp203222t 

Li, Q. Preparation and supercapacitor application of the single crystal nickel hydroxide and oxide nanosheets [Text] / Q. Li, H. Ni, Y. Cai, X. Cai, Y. Liu, G. Chen et. al. // Materials Research Bulletin. – 2013. – Vol. 48, Issue 9. – P. 3515–3526. doi: 10.1016/j.materresbull.2013.05.049 

Vasserman, I. N. Khimicheskoe osazdenie is rastvorov [Chemical precipitation from solutions] [Text] / I. N. Vasserman. – Leningrad: Khimia, 1980. – 208 p.

Burmistr, M. V. Antifriction and Construction Materials Based on Modified Phenol-Formaldehyde Resins Reinforced with Mineral and Synthetic Fibrous Fillers [Text] / M. V. Burmistr, V. S. Boiko, E. O. Lipko, K. O. Gerasimenko, Yu. P. Gomza, R. L. Vesnin et. al. // Mechanics of Composite Materials. – 2014. – Vol. 50, Issue 2. – P. 213–222. doi: 10.1007/s11029-014-9408-0 

Kotok, V. Optimization of nickel hydroxide electrode of the hybrid supercapacitor[Text] / V. Kotok, V. Kovalenko // Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies. – 2017. – Vol. 1, Issue 6 (85). – P. 4–9. doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2017.90810 







Copyright (c) 2017 Vadym Kovalenko, Valerii Kotok

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ISSN (print) 1729-3774, ISSN (on-line) 1729-4061