Development of a multi­criteria model for making decisions on the location of solid waste landfills

Svitlana Kuznichenko, Ludmila Kovalenko, Iryna Buchynska, Yurii Gunchenko

Abstract


We have developed a structure of the multi-criteria model of decision making related to determine optimal sites for the location of solid waste landfills (using the south of Odessa oblast as an example). A special feature of the model is the integration of GIS and the multi-criteria methods of decision-making. Based on the created raster criteria maps in the GIS geodatabase and expert estimation of the significance of criteria, we ranked alternatives according to the degree of suitability. A multilevel hierarchical decision-making structure includes three groups of criteria: environmental, physical, and socio-economic; it takes into consideration the state building requirements to the construction of SW polygons. Such an approach provides for the acceptability of results of the analysis by most stakeholders.

The simulation is performed for the three scenarios that imply the aggregation of layers of criteria into a combined map of suitability using Boolean logic, fuzzy logic, and a combination of methods of weighted overlay and a fuzzy analysis of hierarchies. To account for the uncertainty of original information and subjectivity in expert assessments, we employed an apparatus of fuzzy logic. Piecewise-linear membership functions of the fuzzy set are proposed for the standardization of criteria. We calculated weights of criteria using a modified method of the analysis of hierarchies, in which we used linguistic variables represented by triangular fuzzy numbers to perform the paired comparison of criteria significance.

The results of the simulation show that the use of operations of a fuzzy intersection or a fuzzy combination in order to aggregate a combined suitability map can lead to errors related to the underestimation or overestimation of alternatives. The most acceptable method is a weighted linear combination, or the operation of fuzzy geometric averaging, in cases when it is difficult or impossible to determine the weight of criteria.


Keywords


solid waste; geoinformation systems; multi-criteria analysis of decisions; fuzzy logic

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References


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Malczewski, J. (2006). GIS‐based multicriteria decision analysis: a survey of the literature. International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 20 (7), 703–726. doi: 10.1080/13658810600661508

Mardani, A., Jusoh, A., MD Nor, K., Khalifah, Z., Zakwan, N., Valipour, A. (2015). Multiple criteria decision-making techniques and their applications – a review of the literature from 2000 to 2014. Economic Research-Ekonomska Istraživanja, 28 (1), 516–571. doi: 10.1080/1331677x.2015.1075139

Mat, N. A., Benjamin, A. M., Abdul-Rahman, S. (2017). A review on criteria and decision-making techniques in solving landfill site selection problems. Journal of Advanced Review on Scientific Research, 37 (1), 14–32.

Feo, G. D., Gisi, S. D. (2014). Using MCDA and GIS for hazardous waste landfill siting considering land scarcity for waste disposal. Waste Management, 34 (11), 2225–2238. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2014.05.028

Malczewski, J. (2000). On the Use of Weighted Linear Combination Method in GIS: Common and Best Practice Approaches. Transactions in GIS, 4 (1), 5–22. doi: 10.1111/1467-9671.00035

Drobne, S., Lisec, A. (2009). Multi-attribute Decision Analysis in GIS: Weighted Linear Combination and Ordered Weighted Averaging disposal. Informatica, 33 (4), 459–474.

Wang, G., Qin, L., Li, G., Chen, L. (2009). Landfill site selection using spatial information technologies and AHP: A case study in Beijing, China. Journal of Environmental Management, 90 (8), 2414–2421. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2008.12.008

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Makan, A., Malamis, D., Assobhei, O., Loizidou, M., Mountadar, M. (2012). Multi-criteria decision analysis for the selection of the most suitable landfill site: case of Azemmour, Morocco. International Journal of Management Science and Engineering Management, 7 (2), 96–109.

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Shahabi, H., Keihanfard, S., Ahmad, B. B., Amiri, M. J. T. (2013). Evaluating Boolean, AHP and WLC methods for the selection of waste landfill sites using GIS and satellite images. Environmental Earth Sciences, 71 (9), 4221–4233. doi: 10.1007/s12665-013-2816-y

Khorram, A., Yousefi, M., Alavi, S. A., Farsi, J. (2015). Convenient Landfill Site Selection by Using Fuzzy Logic and Geographic Information Systems: A Case Study in Bardaskan, East of Iran. Health Scope, 4 (1). doi: 10.17795/jhealthscope-19383

Zadeh, L. A. (1965). Fuzzy sets. Information and Control, 8 (3), 338–353. doi: 10.1016/s0019-9958(65)90241-x

Qiu, F., Chastain, B., Zhou, Y., Zhang, C., Sridharan, H. (2013). Modeling land suitability/capability using fuzzy evaluation. GeoJournal, 79 (2), 167–182. doi: 10.1007/s10708-013-9503-0

Saaty, T. L. (1980). The analytic hierarchy process: Planning, priority setting, resources allocation. New York, NY: McGraw, 287.

Buckley, J. J. (1985). Fuzzy hierarchical analysis. Fuzzy Sets and Systems, 17 (3), 233–247. doi: 10.1016/0165-0114(85)90090-9


GOST Style Citations


Malczewski J. GIS-based land-use suitability analysis: a critical overview // Progress in Planning. 2004. Vol. 62, Issue 1. P. 3–65. doi: 10.1016/j.progress.2003.09.002 

Malczewski J. GIS‐based multicriteria decision analysis: a survey of the literature // International Journal of Geographical Information Science. 2006. Vol. 20, Issue 7. P. 703–726. doi: 10.1080/13658810600661508 

Multiple criteria decision-making techniques and their applications – a review of the literature from 2000 to 2014 / Mardani A., Jusoh A., MD Nor K., Khalifah Z., Zakwan N., Valipour A. // Economic Research-Ekonomska Istraživanja. 2015. Vol. 28, Issue 1. P. 516–571. doi: 10.1080/1331677x.2015.1075139 

Mat N. A., Benjamin A. M., Abdul-Rahman S. A review on criteria and decision-making techniques in solving landfill site selection problems // Journal of Advanced Review on Scientific Research. 2017. Vol. 37, Issue 1. P. 14–32.

Feo G. D., Gisi S. D. Using MCDA and GIS for hazardous waste landfill siting considering land scarcity for waste disposal // Waste Management. 2014. Vol. 34, Issue 11. P. 2225–2238. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2014.05.028 

Malczewski J. On the Use of Weighted Linear Combination Method in GIS: Common and Best Practice Approaches // Transactions in GIS. 2000. Vol. 4, Issue 1. P. 5–22. doi: 10.1111/1467-9671.00035 

Drobne S., Lisec A. Multi-attribute Decision Analysis in GIS: Weighted Linear Combination and Ordered Weighted Averaging disposal // Informatica. 2009. Vol. 33, Issue 4. P. 459–474.

Landfill site selection using spatial information technologies and AHP: A case study in Beijing, China / Wang G., Qin L., Li G., Chen L. // Journal of Environmental Management. 2009. Vol. 90, Issue 8. P. 2414–2421. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2008.12.008 

Boroushaki S., Malczewski J. Implementing an extension of the analytical hierarchy process using ordered weighted averaging operators with fuzzy quantifiers in ArcGIS // Computers & Geosciences. 2008. Vol. 34, Issue 4. P. 399–410. doi: 10.1016/j.cageo.2007.04.003 

Landfill site selection using fuzzy AHP and fuzzy TOPSIS: a case study for Istanbul / Beskese A., Demir H. H., Ozcan H. K., Okten H. E. // Environmental Earth Sciences. 2014. Vol. 73, Issue 7. P. 3513–3521. doi: 10.1007/s12665-014-3635-5 

Multi-criteria decision analysis for the selection of the most suitable landfill site: case of Azemmour, Morocco / Makan A., Malamis D., Assobhei O., Loizidou M., Mountadar M. // International Journal of Management Science and Engineering Management. 2012. Vol. 7, Issue 2. P. 96–109.

Chang N.-B., Parvathinathan G., Breeden J. B. Combining GIS with fuzzy multicriteria decision-making for landfill siting in a fast-growing urban region // Journal of Environmental Management. 2008. Vol. 87, Issue 1. P. 139–153. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2007.01.011 

Evaluating Boolean, AHP and WLC methods for the selection of waste landfill sites using GIS and satellite images / Shahabi H., Keihanfard S., Ahmad B. B., Amiri M. J. T. // Environmental Earth Sciences. 2013. Vol. 71, Issue 9. P. 4221–4233. doi: 10.1007/s12665-013-2816-y 

Convenient Landfill Site Selection by Using Fuzzy Logic and Geographic Information Systems: A Case Study in Bardaskan, East of Iran / Khorram A., Yousefi M., Alavi S. A., Farsi J. // Health Scope. 2015. Vol. 4, Issue 1. doi: 10.17795/jhealthscope-19383 

Zadeh L. A. Fuzzy sets // Information and Control. 1965. Vol. 8, Issue 3. P. 338–353. doi: 10.1016/s0019-9958(65)90241-x 

Modeling land suitability/capability using fuzzy evaluation / Qiu F., Chastain B., Zhou Y., Zhang C., Sridharan H. // GeoJournal. 2013. Vol. 79, Issue 2. P. 167–182. doi: 10.1007/s10708-013-9503-0 

Saaty T. L. The analytic hierarchy process: Planning, priority setting, resources allocation. New York, NY: McGraw, 1980. 287 p.

Buckley J. J. Fuzzy hierarchical analysis // Fuzzy Sets and Systems. 1985. Vol. 17, Issue 3. P. 233–247. doi: 10.1016/0165-0114(85)90090-9 



DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2018.129287

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ISSN (print) 1729-3774, ISSN (on-line) 1729-4061