DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2018.151650

Development of geo­model for concentration determination of hazardous chemicals in the atmosphere

Khudhair Abed Thamer

Abstract


A critical analysis of the approaches to the development of a model for determining the concentration of hazardous chemicals (HC) in the atmosphere, which are the basis of computer­aided environmental monitoring systems (CEMS) has been carried out. It has been established that the lack of effective functioning of the existing CEMS is determined by the imperfection of the models used to determine the concentration of atmospheric chemical concentration in the atmosphere. In addition, the organic disadvantage of such systems is their departmental affiliation and, as a result, the limited number of potential users. To improve the efficiency of the discussed class of systems, a concept of integrated use has been proposed, within the CEMS framework, elements of information and analytical systems for environmental monitoring, satellite image processing tools, geoinformation technologies, and also mathematical software for calculating the concentration of various types of atmospheric HCs. Building a CEMS based on this concept will provide an opportunity to significantly improve the efficiency of their functioning in the aspects of reducing the time for making decisions, as well as reducing the risk of making wrong decisions. The mathematical support of the CEMS is based on the “Gaussian” statistical model of HC emission, and is intended, along with geographic information technologies, to synthesize a geo­model of ground­level atmosphere pollution by HCs. As an illustrative example, the situation of the release of chemical waste in the area of Bila Tserkva (Kyiv region, Ukraine) is considered. Theoretical results form the methodological basis for the implementation of the applied information technology for the creation, deployment and operation of a decision support system for eliminating the consequences of an emergency situation caused by the proliferation of chemical water in the atmosphere

Keywords


hazardous chemicals; geoinformation system; geo­model; information and analytical system; atmosphere monitoring

References


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GOST Style Citations


On the Use of Unmanned Aerial Systems for Environmental Monitoring / Manfreda S., McCabe M., Miller P., Lucas R., Pajuelo Madrigal V., Mallinis G. et. al. // Remote Sensing. 2018. Vol. 10, Issue 4. P. 641. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/rs10040641 

Tekhnicheskie aspekty sozdaniya kompleksnoy avtomatizirovannoy informacionnoy sistemy intellektual'nogo monitoringa okruzhayushchey sredy / Fayzrahmanov R. A., Slautin Yu. A., Volodin V. D., Bikmetov R. R., Sharonov A. A. // Ustoychivoe razvitie. 2013. Issue 10. P. 67–72.

Tang R., Bai Y., Wang T. Research on GIS Application System of Environmental Risk for Hazardous Chemicals Enterprises // Procedia Environmental Sciences. 2011. Vol. 10. P. 1011–1016. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2011.09.162 

Klochkova L. V., Orlov Yu. N., Tishkin V. F. Matematicheskoe modelirovanie korrelyacii epidemicheskoy obstanovki v megapolisah ot sostoyaniya vozduha // Zhurnal Srednevolzhskogo matematicheskogo obshchestva. 2012. Vol. 14, Issue 2. P. 34–43.

Zhu Y. Research on Application of Internet of Things in the Disposal of Environmental Emergency // MATEC Web of Conferences. 2015. Vol. 22. P. 04011. doi: https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/20152204011 

Research on a 3D Geological Disaster Monitoring Platform Based on REST Service / Leng X., Liu D., Luo J., Mei Z. // ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2018. Vol. 7, Issue 6. P. 226. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7060226 

Development of a Web-based GIS monitoring and environmental assessment system for the Black Sea: application in the Danube Delta area / Tziavos I. N., Alexandridis T. K., Aleksandrov B., Andrianopoulos A., Doukas I. D., Grigoras I. et. al. // Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 2016. Vol. 188, Issue 8. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-016-5492-z 

Rybka N. A. Metodika ocenki masshtabov i posledstviy vybrosov (prolivov) avariyno himicheski opasnyh veshchestv // Vestnik VGU. Ser.: Himiya, biologiya, farmaciya. 2014. Issue 2. P. 37–40.

Metody i modeli analiza dannyh: OLAP i Data Mining / Barsegyan A. A. Kupriyanov M. S., Stepanenko V. V., Holod I. I. Sankt-Peterburg: BHV-Peterburg, 2004. 336 p.

Roshchupkin E. V. Neural-network forecasting model of pollution of atmospheric air // Izvestiya Tul'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Tekhnicheskie nauki. 2010. Issue 4. P. 266–271.

Mosyagin A. A. Monitoring potencial'no opasnyh ob'ektov na osnove logiko-veroyatnostnogo modelirovaniya: diss. … kand. tekhn. nauk. Moscow, 2009. 212 p.

Biloshytskyi M. V. Vyznachennia vybukhonebezpeky vyrobnychykh prymishchen za nadkhodzhennia do nykh horiuchykh haziv abo pariv horiuchykh ridyn // Naukovyi zbirnyk Instytutu derzhavnoho upravlinnia u sferi tsyvilnoho zakhystu. 2013. Issue 1. P. 97–103.

Basmanov A. E., Govalenkov S. S. Matematicheskaya model' diffuzii opasnyh himicheskih veshchestv v vozduhe // Problemy nadzvychainykh sytuatsii. 2008. Issue 8. P. 29–39.

Terekhov V. I., Teterin I. M., Topol'skiy N. G. Problemy primeneniya vychislitel'nogo intellekta pri planirovanii zadach po predotvrashcheniyu i likvidacii posledstviy chrezvychaynyh situaciy // Materialy XV mezhd. nauchn.-prakt. konf. «Sistemy bezopasnosti». Moscow: Akademiya MCHS Rossii, 2006. P. 49–52.

Techniques for Assessing Industrial Hazards: manual. Washington, DC: The World Bank, 1988. No. 55.

The HGSYSTEM version 3.0 technical reference manual. Shell Internationale Research Maatschappij BV. Hague, 1994. 321 p.

GOST P12.3.047-98 SSBT. Pozharnaya bezopasnost' tekhnologicheskih processov. Obshchie trebovaniya. Metody kontrolya.

RD 52.04.253-90. Metodika prognozirovaniya masshtabov zarazheniya sil'nodeystvuyushchimi yadovitymi veshchestvami pri avariyah (razrusheniyah) na himicheski opasnyh ob'ektah i transporte. Moscow: Gidrometeoizdat, 1991. 64 p.

Arnol'd V. I. Teoriya katastrof. Moscow: Lenand, 2016. 134 p.

Mashihina P. B. The distribution modeling of impurities in the atmosphere with taking into account of terrain // Vestnik Dnepropetrovskogo nacional'nogo universiteta zheleznodorozhnogo transporta. 2009. Issue 27. P. 138–142.

Karmanov A. G., Knyshev A. I., Eliseeva V. V. Geoinformacionnye sistemy territorial'nogo upravleniya: ucheb. pos. Sankt-Peterburg: Universitet ITMO, 2015. 121 p.







Copyright (c) 2018 Khudhair Abed Thamer

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ISSN (print) 1729-3774, ISSN (on-line) 1729-4061