DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2019.154409

Development of praxeological principles to model/study heat generation and heat consumption processes in the engine of rapid internal combustion

Petro Hashchuk, Serhij Nikipchuk

Abstract


We consider a technology for modeling/studying phenomena of heat formation, heat transfer, heat utilization in the engine of rapid internal combustion, underlying which are the principles of praxeology. It is recognized that further development of classic approaches to modeling working processes in the engine relying purely or mainly on the analytical-algorithmic descriptions is almost impossible. It is therefore proposed to additionally introduce to the model an actual workspace of the engine, systemically connecting it to the virtual, implemented in the software-algorithmic environment, thereby introducing part of the reality to the model of the same reality. Within the framework of this study, we used, as a full-scale workspace, a cylinder from the tested engine BRIGGS&STRATTON, mounted at a special test bench.

In this case, there is a possibility to greatly simplify the analytical component of the modeling representation of working processes in the engine, building it on the basis of classical analytical ratios that reflect the law of conservation of matter, the law of preservation of energy, a heat transfer law, as well as equations of thermodynamic state of a working body. The model acquires specificity not due to special empirical descriptions, but by acquiring current information from the real information space based on the principles of similarity theory.

The required effectiveness of the model is provided by a simulation in the programming environment of interaction amongst itself and the environment of two zones into which a modeled engine workspace is split. A dual-zone model is opposed to the so-called multi-zone models, within which there is always a high risk of errors, almost uncontrolled, which require a complex and labor-intensive information support and maintenance. It is in the case of a two-zone representation of the modelled working space that it becomes possible to abandon the analytical control over chemical equilibrium in a working environment and there are no reasons that would predetermine the exchange of substances between zones. Therefore, it becomes possible to determine heat transfer to the walls of a working space similar to a single-zone model.

It follows from the study conducted that it is expedient to apply a Wiebe function for the virtual simulation of a heat formation phenomenon. Quality of simulation is improved by acquiring information obtained in the process, so to speak, of "on-line communication" between a virtual (in the form of software) and an actual (in the form of a full-scale workspace) parts of the modelling environment.

The presentation of the material is accompanied by illustrative material, which reflects information, obtained by modeling tools, about a change in: the working pressure in the engine working space, the temperature of a working body, an excess air coefficient, a heat transfer coefficient. We also included examples of change in the intensity of heat formation and intensity of heat transfer at the surface of: the working space in general, a cylinder liner, a cylinder lid, a piston head. Among the illustrations are the characteristics of the internal (intra-zone) heat exchange

Keywords


rapid internal combustion engine; heat formation; heat consumption; praxeological base of modeling

References


Hashchuk, P. M., Nikipchuk, S. V., Bohachyk, Yu. O. (1998). Naturno-mashynni zasoby v modeliuvanni termodynamichnykh protsesiv, shcho perebihaiut u dvyhunakh vnutrishnoho zghoriannia. Visnyk Derzhavnoho universytetu “Lvivska politekhnika”, 354, 3–9.

Hashchuk, P. M., Nikipchuk, S. V. (2018). Heating (thermogenesis) in rapid internal combustion engine. Mechanics and Advanced Technologies, 82 (1), 92–99. doi: https://doi.org/10.20535/2521-1943.2018.82.125201

Hashchuk, P. N.; Sidlovich, L. I. (Ed.) (1992). Energeticheskaya effektivnost' avtomobilya. Lviv: Svit, 208.

Hashchuk, P. N.; Fal'ko, O. S. (Ed.) (1998). Energopreobrazuyushchie sistemy avtomobilya: identifikaciya i analiz. Kharkiv: RIO HGADTU, 272.

Vibe, I. I., Farafontov, M. F., Stavrov, A. P. (1969). Metod opredeleniya parametrov kinetiki processa sgoraniya po harakternym tochkam indikatornoy diagrammy i ee pervoy proizvodnoy. Avtomobili, traktory i dvigateli, 75, 148–158.

Kraemer, S. (1998). Untersuchung zur Gemischbildung, Entflammung und Verbrennung beim Ottomotor mit Benzin-Direkteinspritzung Fortschr. Düsseldorf, 116.

Decan, G., Broekaert, S., Lucchini, T., D’Errico, G., Vierendeels, J., Verhelst, S. (2018). Evaluation of wall heat flux calculation methods for CFD simulations of an internal combustion engine under both motored and HCCI operation. Applied Energy, 232, 451–461. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.09.214

Clausius, R. (1887). Die mechanische Wärmetheorie. Braunschweig, 403.

Rankine, W. J. M. (1872). A manual applied mechanics. London, 648.

Tisza, L. (1966). Generalized Thermodynamics. M.I.T. Press, 384.

Internal Combustion Engines: Performance, Fuel Economy and Emissions (2013). London: IMechE, 254.

Gronowicz, J. (1996). Ochrona środowiska w transporcie lądowym. Szczecin, 301.

Merkisz, J. (1995). Ekologiczne aspekty stosowania silników spalinowych. Poznań, 367.

Wiebe, I. I. (1970). Brennverlauf und Kreisprozess von Verbrennungsmotoren. Berlin, 286.

Fagundez, J. L. S., Sari, R. L., Martins, M. E. S., Salau, N. P. G. (2017). Comparative analysis of different heat transfer correlations in a two-zone combustion model applied on a SI engine fueled with wet ethanol. Applied Thermal Engineering, 115, 22–32. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.12.121

Akansu, S. O., Tangöz, S., Kahraman, N., İlhak, M. İ., Açıkgöz, S. (2017). Experimental study of gasoline-ethanol-hydrogen blends combustion in an SI engine. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 42 (40), 25781–25790. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.07.014

Zhou, Y., Hariharan, D., Yang, R., Mamalis, S., Lawler, B. (2019). A predictive 0-D HCCI combustion model for ethanol, natural gas, gasoline, and primary reference fuel blends. Fuel, 237, 658–675. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2018.10.041

Hu, S., Wang, H., Yang, C., Wang, Y. (2017). Burnt fraction sensitivity analysis and 0-D modelling of common rail diesel engine using Wiebe function. Applied Thermal Engineering, 115, 170–177. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.12.080

Hu, S., Wang, H., Niu, X., Li, X., Wang, Y. (2018). Automatic calibration algorithm of 0-D combustion model applied to DICI diesel engine. Applied Thermal Engineering, 130, 331–342. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.11.013

Yeliana, Y., Cooney, C., Worm, J., Michalek, D. J., Naber, J. D. (2011). Estimation of double-Wiebe function parameters using least square method for burn durations of ethanol-gasoline blends in spark ignition engine over variable compression ratios and EGR levels. Applied Thermal Engineering, 31 (14-15), 2213–2220. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2011.01.040

Yıldız, M., Albayrak Çeper, B. (2017). Zero-dimensional single zone engine modeling of an SI engine fuelled with methane and methane-hydrogen blend using single and double Wiebe Function: A comparative study. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 42 (40), 25756–25765. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.07.016

Abbaszadehmosayebi, G., Ganippa, L. (2014). Characterising Wiebe Equation for Heat Release Analysis based on Combustion Burn Factor (Ci). Fuel, 119, 301–307. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2013.11.006


GOST Style Citations


Hashchuk P. M., Nikipchuk S. V., Bohachyk Yu. O. Naturno-mashynni zasoby v modeliuvanni termodynamichnykh protsesiv, shcho perebihaiut u dvyhunakh vnutrishnoho zghoriannia // Visnyk Derzhavnoho universytetu “Lvivska politekhnika”. 1998. Issue 354. P. 3–9.

Hashchuk P. M., Nikipchuk S. V. Heating (thermogenesis) in rapid internal combustion engine // Mechanics and Advanced Technologies. 2018. Vol. 82, Issue 1. P. 92–99. doi: https://doi.org/10.20535/2521-1943.2018.82.125201 

Hashchuk P. N. Energeticheskaya effektivnost' avtomobilya: monografiya / L. I. Sidlovich (Ed.). Lviv: Svit, 1992. 208 p.

Hashchuk P. N. Energopreobrazuyushchie sistemy avtomobilya: identifikaciya i analiz: monografiya / O. S. Fal'ko (Ed.). Kharkiv: RIO HGADTU, 1998. 272 p.

Vibe I. I., Farafontov M. F., Stavrov A. P. Metod opredeleniya parametrov kinetiki processa sgoraniya po harakternym tochkam indikatornoy diagrammy i ee pervoy proizvodnoy // Avtomobili, traktory i dvigateli. 1969. Issue 75. P. 148–158.

Kraemer S. Untersuchung zur Gemischbildung, Entflammung und Verbrennung beim Ottomotor mit Benzin-Direkteinspritzung Fortschr. Düsseldorf, 1998. 116 p.

Evaluation of wall heat flux calculation methods for CFD simulations of an internal combustion engine under both motored and HCCI operation / Decan G., Broekaert S., Lucchini T., D’Errico G., Vierendeels J., Verhelst S. // Applied Energy. 2018. Vol. 232. P. 451–461. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.09.214 

Clausius R. Die mechanische Wärmetheorie. Braunschweig, 1887. 403 p.

Rankine W. J. M. A manual applied mechanics. London, 1872. 648 p.

Tisza L. Generalized Thermodynamics. M.I.T. Press, 1966. 384 p.

Internal Combustion Engines: Performance, Fuel Economy and Emissions. London: IMechE, 2013. 254 p.

Gronowicz J. Ochrona środowiska w transporcie lądowym. Szczecin, 1996. 301 p.

Merkisz J. Ekologiczne aspekty stosowania silników spalinowych. Poznań, 1995. 367 p.

Wiebe I. I. Brennverlauf und Kreisprozess von Verbrennungsmotoren. Berlin, 1970. 286 p.

Comparative analysis of different heat transfer correlations in a two-zone combustion model applied on a SI engine fueled with wet ethanol / Fagundez J. L. S., Sari R. L., Martins M. E. S., Salau N. P. G. // Applied Thermal Engineering. 2017. Vol. 115. P. 22–32. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.12.121 

Experimental study of gasoline-ethanol-hydrogen blends combustion in an SI engine / Akansu S. O., Tangöz S., Kahraman N., İlhak M. İ., Açıkgöz S. // International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2017. Vol. 42, Issue 40. P. 25781–25790. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.07.014 

A predictive 0-D HCCI combustion model for ethanol, natural gas, gasoline, and primary reference fuel blends / Zhou Y., Hariharan D., Yang R., Mamalis S., Lawler B. // Fuel. 2019. Vol. 237. P. 658–675. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2018.10.041 

Burnt fraction sensitivity analysis and 0-D modelling of common rail diesel engine using Wiebe function / Hu S., Wang H., Yang C., Wang Y. // Applied Thermal Engineering. 2017. Vol. 115. P. 170–177. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.12.080 

Automatic calibration algorithm of 0-D combustion model applied to DICI diesel engine / Hu S., Wang H., Niu X., Li X., Wang Y. // Applied Thermal Engineering. 2018. Vol. 130. P. 331–342. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.11.013 

Estimation of double-Wiebe function parameters using least square method for burn durations of ethanol-gasoline blends in spark ignition engine over variable compression ratios and EGR levels / Yeliana Y., Cooney C., Worm J., Michalek D. J., Naber J. D. // Applied Thermal Engineering. 2011. Vol. 31, Issue 14-15. P. 2213–2220. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2011.01.040 

Yıldız M., Albayrak Çeper B. Zero-dimensional single zone engine modeling of an SI engine fuelled with methane and methane-hydrogen blend using single and double Wiebe Function: A comparative study // International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2017. Vol. 42, Issue 40. P. 25756–25765. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.07.016 

Abbaszadehmosayebi G., Ganippa L. Characterising Wiebe Equation for Heat Release Analysis based on Combustion Burn Factor (Ci) // Fuel. 2014. Vol. 119. P. 301–307. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2013.11.006 







Copyright (c) 2019 Petro Hashchuk, Serhij Nikipchuk

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ISSN (print) 1729-3774, ISSN (on-line) 1729-4061