DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2019.171787

Determining features of application of functional electrochemical coatings in technologies of surface treatment

Ann Karakurkchi, Mykola Sakhnenko, Maryna Ved’, Iryna Yermolenko, Sergey Pavlenko, Vadym Yevsieiev, Yaroslav Pavlov, Vladislav Yemanov

Abstract


Approaches to the use of electrochemical coatings in surface treatment technologies are analyzed. It is shown that directed surface modification allows expanding the functional properties of the treated material, in particular, increasing the strength, wear resistance, corrosion resistance, catalytic activity.

The method for treating non-alloy steel and cast irons by forming thin-film coatings of ternary alloys of iron and cobalt with molybdenum and tungsten is proposed. It is shown that the incorporation of refractory metals up to 37 at. % into the surface layer leads to a change in the phase structure of the coating. This is found to provide an increase in wear resistance by 40 %, microhardness by 2.5–3.5 times, as well as a decrease in friction coefficient by 3–4 times in comparison with the substrate material. The resulting materials can be used for hardening and protection of surfaces in various industries.

To modify the surface of piston silumins, it is proposed to use the method of plasma electrolytic oxidizing with the formation of ceramic-like coatings. It is shown that in the galvanostatic mode, from alkaline electrolyte solutions containing manganese and cobalt salts, it is possible to obtain uniform, dense, highly adhesive to the base metal, oxide coatings, doped with catalytic components whose content varies within 25–35 at. %. It is shown that the morphology and phase structure of the surface layers changes with the incorporation of dopant metals. The formed coatings have a high degree of surface development, which is a prerequisite for enhancing their functional properties. The proposed approach is used to modify the surface of the KamAZ-740 piston. It is found that the use of ceramic-like coatings of the engine piston leads to a decrease in hourly fuel consumption and amount of toxic substances with exhaust gases, which makes them promising for use in in-cylinder catalysis.


Keywords


surface treatment; electrochemical coating; functional properties; repair

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References


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Butusov, I., Dudareva, N. (2013). Influence of micro-arc oxidation on durability of IC-engine’s piston. Science and Education of the Bauman MSTU, 9, 127–144. doi: https://doi.org/10.7463/0913.0606017

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Karakurkchi, A. V., Ved’, M. V., Yermolenko, I. Y., Sakhnenko, N. D. (2016). Electrochemical deposition of Fe–Mo–W alloy coatings from citrate electrolyte. Surface Engineering and Applied Electrochemistry, 52 (1), 43–49. doi: https://doi.org/10.3103/s1068375516010087

Ved’, M. V., Sakhnenko, M. D., Karakurkchi, H. V., Ermolenko, I. Y., Fomina, L. P. (2016). Functional Properties of Fe−Mo and Fe−Mo−W Galvanic Alloys. Materials Science, 51 (5), 701–710. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11003-016-9893-5

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Karakurkchi, A., Sakhnenko, M., Ved, M., Galak, A., Petrukhin, S. (2017). Application of oxide-metallic catalysts on valve metals for ecological catalysis. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 5 (10 (89)), 12–18. doi: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2017.109885

Ved’, M. V., Sakhnenko, N. D., Yermolenko, I. Y., Nenastina, T. A. (2018). Nanostructured Functional Coatings of Iron Family Metals with Refractory Elements. Springer Proceedings in Physics, 3–34. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-92567-7_1

Yermolenko, I. Y., Ved`, M. V., Sakhnenko, N. D., Sachanova, Y. I. (2017). Composition, Morphology, and Topography of Galvanic Coatings Fe-Co-W and Fe-Co-Mo. Nanoscale Research Letters, 12 (1). doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/s11671-017-2128-3

Dudareva, N. Y., Abramova, M. M. (2016). The Structure of Plasma-Electrolytic Coating Formed on Al–Si alloys by the Micro-Arc Oxidation Method. Protection of Metals and Physical Chemistry of Surfaces, 52 (1), 128–132. doi: https://doi.org/10.1134/s2070205116010093

Vasilyeva, M. S., Rudnev, V. S., Ustinov, A. Y., Korotenko, I. A., Modin, E. B., Voitenko, O. V. (2010). Cobalt-containing oxide layers on titanium, their composition, morphology, and catalytic activity in CO oxidation. Applied Surface Science, 257 (4), 1239–1246. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2010.08.031

Krishtal, M. M. (2008). Oxide Layer Formation by Micro-Arc Oxidation on Structurally Modified Al-Si Alloys and Applications for Large-Sized Articles Manufacturing. Advanced Materials Research, 59, 204–208. doi: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/amr.59.204

Parsadanov, I. V., Sakhnenko, N. D., Ved’, M. V., Rykova, I. V., Khyzhniak, V. A., Karakurkchi, A. V., Gorokhivskiy, A. S. (2017). Increasing the efficiency of intra-cylinder catalysis in diesel engines. Voprosy Khimii i Khimicheskoi Tekhnologii, 6, 75–81.

Lukiyanchuk, I. V., Rudnev, V. S., Tyrina, L. M. (2016). Plasma electrolytic oxide layers as promising systems for catalysis. Surface and Coatings Technology, 307, 1183–1193. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2016.06.076


GOST Style Citations


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Electrolytic plasma technology: Science and engineering – An overview / Gupta P., Tenhundfeld G., Daigle E. O., Ryabkov D. // Surface and Coatings Technology. 2007. Vol. 201, Issue 21. P. 8746–8760. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2006.11.023 

Surface Engineering of Light Alloys: Aluminium, Magnesium and Titanium Alloys / H. Dong (Ed.). Elsevier, 2010. 680 p.

Goodman J. Nikasil and Alusil // Engine Professional. 2008. P. 18–22.

Krug P., Kennedy M., Foss J. New Aluminum Alloys for Cylinder Liner Applications // SAE Technical Paper Series. 2006. doi: https://doi.org/10.4271/2006-01-0983 

Alusul – Cylinder Blocks for the new AUDI V6 and V8 SI Engines. KS Aluminium Technologie AG. Germany, Neckarsulm: Kolbenschmidt Pierburg Group.

The application of technology microarc oxidation to repair and restore characteristics of products from aluminum alloy AK9 / Krishtal M. M., Yasnikov I. S., Ivashin P. V., Polunin A. V. // Vestnik Samarskogo Universiteta. Aerokosmicheskaya Tekhnika, Tekhnologii i Mashinostroenie. 2012. Issue 3 (34). P. 225–228.

Krishtal M. M., Ivashin P. V., Kolomiets P. V. Micro arc oxidation technology usage for ice with aluminium cilinder block designing // Izvestiya Samarskogo nauchnogo tsentra Rossiyskoy akademii nauk. 2010. Vol. 12, Issue 4. P. 242–246.

Butusov I., Dudareva N. Influence of micro-arc oxidation on durability of IC-engine’s piston // Science and Education of the Bauman MSTU. 2013. Issue 9. P. 127–144. doi: https://doi.org/10.7463/0913.0606017 

Stepanov V. A. Uluchshenie ekspluatatsionnyh pokazateley avtomobiley mikrodugovym oksidirovaniem dnisch porshney dvigateley // Science and world. 2014. Issue 1 (5). P. 115–117.

Marchenko A. P., Shpakovskiy V. V. Vliyanie korundovogo sloya na rabochih poverhnostyah porshney na protsess sgoraniya v DVS // Dvigateli vnutrennego sgoraniya. 2011. Issue 2. P. 24–28.

Marchenko A. P., Shpakovskyi V. V., Pylov V. V. Pidvyshchennia ekonomichnosti benzynovoho dvyhuna na riznykh rezhymakh roboty pry zastosuvanni chastkovo-dynamichnoi teploizoliatsiyi porshniv // Visnyk Natsionalnoho tekhnichnoho universytetu "KhPI". Ser.: Transportne mashynobuduvannia. 2013. Issue 32. P. 106–110.

Karakurkchi A. V. Functional properties of multicomponent galvanic alloys of iron with molybdenum and tungsten // Functional materials. 2015. Vol. 22, Issue 2. P. 181–187. doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/fm22.02.181 

Electrochemical deposition of Fe–Mo–W alloy coatings from citrate electrolyte / Karakurkchi A. V., Ved’ M. V., Yermolenko I. Y., Sakhnenko N. D. // Surface Engineering and Applied Electrochemistry. 2016. Vol. 52, Issue 1. P. 43–49. doi: https://doi.org/10.3103/s1068375516010087 

Functional Properties of Fe−Mo and Fe−Mo−W Galvanic Alloys / Ved’ M. V., Sakhnenko M. D., Karakurkchi H. V., Ermolenko I. Y., Fomina L. P. // Materials Science. 2016. Vol. 51, Issue 5. P. 701–710. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11003-016-9893-5 

A study of synthesis and properties of manganese-containing oxide coatings on alloy VT1-0 / Sakhnenko N., Ved M., Karakurkchi A., Galak A. // Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies. 2016. Vol. 3, Issue 5 (81). P. 37–43. doi: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2016.69390 

Sakhnenko N. D., Ved M. V., Bykanova V. V. Characterization and photocatalytic activity of Ti/TinOm∙ZrxOy coatings for azo-dye degradation // Functional materials. 2014. Vol. 21, Issue 4. P. 492–497. doi: https://doi.org/10.15407/fm21.04.492 

Examining the formation and properties of TiO2 oxide coatings with metals of iron triad / Sakhnenko M., Karakurkchi A., Galak A., Menshov S., Matykin O. // Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies. 2017. Vol. 2, Issue 11 (86). P. 4–10. doi: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2017.97550 

Mixed alumina and cobalt containing plasma electrolytic oxide coatings / Yar-Mukhamedova G. S., Ved’ M. V., Karakurkchi A. V., Sakhnenko N. D. // IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 2017. Vol. 213. P. 012020. doi: https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899x/213/1/012020 

Application of oxide-metallic catalysts on valve metals for ecological catalysis / Karakurkchi A., Sakhnenko M., Ved M., Galak A., Petrukhin S. // Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies. 2017. Vol. 5, Issue 10 (89). P. 12–18. doi: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2017.109885 

Nanostructured Functional Coatings of Iron Family Metals with Refractory Elements / Ved’ M. V., Sakhnenko N. D., Yermolenko I. Y., Nenastina T. A. // Springer Proceedings in Physics. 2018. P. 3–34. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-92567-7_1 

Composition, Morphology, and Topography of Galvanic Coatings Fe-Co-W and Fe-Co-Mo / Yermolenko I. Y., Ved` M. V., Sakhnenko N. D., Sachanova Y. I. // Nanoscale Research Letters. 2017. Vol. 12, Issue 1. doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/s11671-017-2128-3 

Dudareva N. Y., Abramova M. M. The Structure of Plasma-Electrolytic Coating Formed on Al–Si alloys by the Micro-Arc Oxidation Method // Protection of Metals and Physical Chemistry of Surfaces. 2016. Vol. 52, Issue 1. P. 128–132. doi: https://doi.org/10.1134/s2070205116010093 

Cobalt-containing oxide layers on titanium, their composition, morphology, and catalytic activity in CO oxidation / Vasilyeva M. S., Rudnev V. S., Ustinov A. Y., Korotenko I. A., Modin E. B., Voitenko O. V. // Applied Surface Science. 2010. Vol. 257, Issue 4. P. 1239–1246. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2010.08.031 

Krishtal M. M. Oxide Layer Formation by Micro-Arc Oxidation on Structurally Modified Al-Si Alloys and Applications for Large-Sized Articles Manufacturing // Advanced Materials Research. 2008. Vol. 59. P. 204–208. doi: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/amr.59.204 

Increasing the efficiency of intra-cylinder catalysis in diesel engines / Parsadanov I. V., Sakhnenko N. D., Ved’ M. V., Rykova I. V., Khyzhniak V. A., Karakurkchi A. V., Gorokhivskiy A. S. // Voprosy Khimii i Khimicheskoi Tekhnologii. 2017. Issue 6. P. 75–81.

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Copyright (c) 2019 Ann Karakurkchi, Mykola Sakhnenko, Maryna Ved’, Iryna Yermolenko, Sergey Pavlenko, Vadym Yevsieiev, Yaroslav Pavlov, Vladislav Yemanov

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ISSN (print) 1729-3774, ISSN (on-line) 1729-4061