Designing the organoplastics based on aromatic polyamide, study of their operational properties and applicability
Polymeric composite materials that are reinforced with organic fibers are characterized by great possibilities in terms of improving the durability of friction nodes in machines and mechanisms. These composites successfully compete with non-ferrous metals and their alloys and, in some cases, outperform polymeric and metallic analogs by their properties. In this regard, we have studied the influence of the organic fiber lola on operational characteristics of the aromatic polyamide phenylone, brand C-1, and on possibilities to apply the developed polymeric composite materials.
Experimental studies have confirmed that the reinforcement of phenylone with the organic fiber lola in the amount of 5–15 % by weight improves its operational characteristics. This is predetermined by the arrangement of the supramolecular structure of the basic polymer due to the introduction of organic fiber. Thus, at the interface " phenylone-filler" one clearly observes the transformation of the binder's globular structure into fibrillar one. That leads to a positive effect: there is an increase in destruction energy (by 1.5 times) and chemical resistance (by 1.1–1.36 at aging in 5 % HCl, and by 1.27–1.6 ‒ in 10 % HCl). It should be noted that the developed organoplastics are stable at a temperature of 673 K, while the starting polymer begins to destroy intensively at 400 K. Specifically, it was determined that at a further increase in the mass fraction of the filler these indicators deteriorate, due to insufficient adhesion between the filler and the binder.Using the organic fiber lola (in the amount of 5–15 % by weight) makes it possible to obtain composites with improved operational characteristics: enhanced thermal and chemical parameters, high resistance to impact loads. Thus, there is reason to argue about the prospects of using the fiber lola as a filler for composites. Organoplastic with an optimum fiber content (15 % by weight) is recommended for manufacturing the components of tribological nodes for modern equipment instead of non-ferrous metals and their alloys due to sufficiently high operational properties.
Solomentseva, A. V., Fadeeva, V. M., Zhelezina, G. F. (2016). Antifriction organoplastics for heavy loaded sliding friction units of aircraft structures. Aviation Materials and Technologies, 2, 30–34. doi: https://doi.org/10.18577/2071-9140-2016-0-2-30-34
Burya, A. I., Yeriomina, Y. A. (2016). The effect of various metallic filling materials on the wear resistance of aromatic-polyamide-based composite materials. Journal of Friction and Wear, 37 (2), 151–154. doi: https://doi.org/10.3103/s1068366616020033
Kulagina, G. S., Zhelezina, G. F., Levakova, N. M. (2019). Antifriction organoplastics for high-loaded friction knots. Proceedings of VIAM, 2, 89–96. doi: https://doi.org/10.18577/2307-6046-2019-0-2-89-96
Buria, O. I., Yeromina, K. A., Lysenko, O. B., Konchyts, A. A., Morozov, O. F. (2019). Polimerni kompozyty na osnovi termoplastychnykh viazhuchykh. Dnipro: Seredniak T.K., 239.
Baurova, N. I., Makarov, K. A. (2017). Machining of Machine Elements Made of Polymer Composite Materials. Russian Metallurgy (Metally), 2017 (13), 1141–1144. doi: https://doi.org/10.1134/s0036029517130043
Scaffaro, R., Maio, A. (2019). Influence of Oxidation Level of Graphene Oxide on the Mechanical Performance and Photo-Oxidation Resistance of a Polyamide 6. Polymers, 11 (5), 857. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11050857
Matyas, A. (2018). Influence of Graphite Additives on Mechanical, Tribological, Fire Resistance and Electrical Properties in Polyamide 6. Tehnički Vjesnik, 25 (4), 1014–1019. doi: https://doi.org/10.17559/tv-20160702212234
Silva, M. R., Pereira, A. M., Alves, N., Mateus, G., Mateus, A., Malça, C. (2019). Development of an Additive Manufacturing System for the Deposition of Thermoplastics Impregnated with Carbon Fibers. Journal of Manufacturing and Materials Processing, 3 (2), 35. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/jmmp3020035
Wang, Z., Ni, J., Gao, D. (2017). Combined effect of the use of carbon fiber and seawater and the molecular structure on the tribological behavior of polymer materials. Friction, 6 (2), 183–194. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40544-017-0164-8
Gao, X., Yu, W., Zhang, X., Zhang, J., Liu, H., Zhang, X. (2019). Facile Fabrication of PA66/GO/MWNTs-COOH Nanocomposites and Their Fibers. Fibers, 7 (8), 69. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/fib7080069
Volpe, V., Lanzillo, S., Affinita, G., Villacci, B., Macchiarolo, I., Pantani, R. (2019). Lightweight High-Performance Polymer Composite for Automotive Applications. Polymers, 11 (2), 326. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11020326
Burya, А. I., Tomina, А.-М. V., Volnyanko, E. N., Terenin, V. I. (2018). Investigation of the thermophysical properties of organoplastics based on phenylon reinforced by lola fiber. Polymer Materials and Technologies, 4 (4), 72–77. doi: https://doi.org/10.32864/polymmattech-2018-4-4-72-77
Burya, O. I., Naberezhnaya, O. A., Terenin, V. I., Tomina, A. M. V. (2015). Tribological characteristics of organic plastics based on phenylone. Problems of friction and wear, 3, 51–55.
Shul'deshova, P. M., Zhelezina, G. F. (2014). An influence of atmospheric conditions and dust loading on properties of structural organic plastics. Aviatsionnye materialy i tehnologi, 1, 64–68.
Kolesnikov, I. V., Byeli, A. V., Myasnikova, N. A., Myasnikov, Ph. V., Kravchenko, Y. V., Novikov, E. S. (2012). The multilayered antifriction nanostructured covering for lubrication in thehigh-gravity loaded friction units. Ehkologicheskiy vestnik nauchnyh tsentrov Chernomorskogo ehkonomicheskogo sotrudnichestva, 2, 34–41.
Boccardi, S., Boﬀa, N. D., Carlomagno, G. M., Del Core, G., Meola, C., Monaco, E. et. al. (2019). Lock-In Thermography and Ultrasonic Testing of Impacted Basalt Fibers Reinforced Thermoplastic Matrix Composites. Applied Sciences, 9 (15), 3025. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/app9153025
Raskatov, V. M. (1980). Mashinostroitel'nye materialy. Moscow, 512.
Kataeva, V. M., Popova, V. A., Sazhina, B. I. (Eds.) (1975). Spravochnik po plasticheskim massam. Vol. 2. Moscow: Himiya, 568.
Cherkasova, N. G., Burya, A. I. (2011). Reaktoplasty, haoticheski armirovannye himicheskimi voloknami. Dnepropetrovsk, 234.
Buria, O. I., Naberezhna, O. O., Tomina A.-M. V., Terenin V. I. (2015). Pat. No. 105957 UA. Heatproof composition. MPK F16C 19/00. No. u201510084; declareted: 15.10.2015; published: 11.04.2016, Bul. No. 7.
Lipatov, Yu. S. (1980). Mezhfaznye yavleniya v polimerah. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka, 260.
Kargin, V. A. Slonimskiy, G. L., Sogolova, T. I. (1966). Svyaz' nadmolekulyarnoy struktury s mehanicheskimi svoystvami polimerov. 22nd Annual Technical Conference: Technical papers SPE. Montreal, 12, 43.
Karpinos, D. M., Oleynik, V. I. (1981). Polimery i kompozitsionnye materialy na ih osnove v tehnike. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka, 180.
Shitova, I. Yu., Samoshina, E. N., Kislitsyna, S. N., Boltyshev, S. A. (2015). Sovremennye kompozitsionnye stroitel'nye materialy. Penza: PGUAS, 136.
Zuev, Yu. S. (1972). Razrushenie polimerov pod deystviem agressivnyh sred. Moscow: Himiya, 229.
Bazhenov, S. L. (2014). Mehanika i tehnologiya kompozitsionnyh materialov. Dolgoprudniy: Intellekt, 328.
Danilova, S. N., Okhlopkova, A. A., Gavrilieva, A. A., Okhlopkova, T. A., Borisova, R. V., Dyakonov, A. A. (2016). Wear resistant polymer composite materials with improved interfacial interaction in the system “polymer – fiber”. Vestnik Severo-Vostochnogo federal'nogo universiteta im. M. K. Ammosova, 55 (5), 80–92.
GOST Style Citations
Copyright (c) 2019 Anna-Mariia Tomina, Yekaterina Yeriomina, Viktor Terenin
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
ISSN (print) 1729-3774, ISSN (on-line) 1729-4061