DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2020.206692

Protection of telecommunication network from natural hazards of global warming

Pavlo Anakhov, Viktoriia Zhebka, Ganna Grynkevych, Anatolii Makarenko

Abstract


Recently, the number of natural disasters caused by climate change on Earth has been growing in the world. To develop measures to protect hardware resources from the effects of natural disasters, the project method was used. The method developed in accordance with its provisions includes the phased collection of information on the impact of natural disasters on resources, their analysis and the development of appropriate countermeasures.

The actions and manifestations of the damaging factors that were not included in the families of the corresponding damaging factors of the list "The nature of the actions and manifestations of the damaging factors of natural emergencies", but whose action is caused by certain sources of potential emergencies and affects the performance of the hardware, are revealed. A matrix of the nature of the effects and manifestations of the damaging factors of natural emergencies has been developed.

Based on the Classifier of Emergency Situations of Ukraine, a Register of natural threats to the telecommunication network hardware has been built. New sources of threats have been discovered (13 items). The global warming process has amplified the harmful effects of known dangers and identified a number of new ones that are proposed to be classified. The “catalyst” of dangers can be anthropogenic impact, which is distinguished by the promotion of climate change, the artificial modification of the environment.

The variability of the environment does not allow to present a complete list of detailed systematized threats, actions and manifestations of damaging factors and their compliance with certain threats. The list of known protective actions includes organizational measures and countermeasures. According to existing experience, the network hardware resources must comply with the principle of redundancy, in which the operational reconfiguration is performed. It is proposed to apply redundancy of communication lines by means of three-level multiplexing with mutually independent levels

Keywords


telecommunication network hardware resource; damaging factor of danger; natural threat; natural disaster; three-level multiplexing of communication channels

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bondarenko, L. V., Maslova, O. V., Belkina, A. V., Sukhareva, K. V. (2018). Global climate changing and its after-effects. Vestnik of the Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, 2 (98), 84–93. doi: https://doi.org/10.21686/2413-2829-2018-2-84-93

Banholzer, S., Kossin, J., Donner, S. (2014). The Impact of Climate Change on Natural Disasters. Reducing Disaster: Early Warning Systems For Climate Change, 21–49. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-8598-3_2

Safonov, G. V. (2006). Opasnye posledstviya global'nogo izmeneniya klimata. Moscow: RREC, GOF, WWF Rossii, 20.

Piate natsionalne povidomlennia Ukrainy z pytan zminy klimatu, pidhotovlene na vykonannia statti 4 ta 12 Ramkovoi konventsii OON pro zminu klimatu ta statti 7 Kiotskoho protokolu (proekt) (2009). Kyiv, 281.

Weather and Climate Services in Europe and Central Asia. A Regional Review. World Bank Working Paper No. 151. Washington, D.C. doi: https://doi.org/10.1596/978-0-8213-7585-3

Recommendation ITU-T L.92 (2012). Series L: construction, installation and protection of cables and other elements of outside plant. Disaster management for outside plant facilities.

Recommendation ITU-T L.1502 (2015). Adapting information and communication technology infrastructure to the effects of climate change.

Ospina, A. V., Faulkner, D., Dickerson, K., Bueti, C. (2014). Resilient pathways: the adaptation of the ICT sector to climate change. ITU, 62.

ITU-D Study Group 2. Question 6/2: ICT and climate change. Final Report (2017). Geneva, 64.

Katok, V., Kovtun, A., Rudenko, I. (2005). Biologicheskaya ataka na kabel'. Seti i telekommunikacii, 11, 68–71.

Anakhov, P. V. (2016). Triggering of earthquakes of Azov-Black Sea basin by seiche deformation of the ground. Geodynamics, 1, 155–161. doi: https://doi.org/10.23939/jgd2016.01.155

Shobotov, V. M. (2004). Tsyvilna oborona. Kyiv: "Tsentr navchalnoi literatury", 438.

GOST R 22.0.06-95. Bezopasnost' v chrezvychaynyh situatsiyah. Istochniki prirodnyh chrezvychaynyh situatsiy. Porazhayuschie faktory. Nomenklatura parametrov porazhayuschih vozdeystviy.

Rekomendatsii po odnovremennoy zaschite kabeley svyazi ot korrozii, udarov molnii i elektromagnitnyh vliyaniy (1983). Moscow: Radio i svyaz', 12.

Kozak, M. M.; Dobrochynskyi, S. B., Petrunchak, H. M. (Eds.) (2009). Liniini sporudy zviazku. Vinnytsia, 317.

Vladimirov, V. A., Chernyh, G. S. (2013). Analiz opasnostey i ugroz prirodnogo haraktera na sovremennom etape. Strategiya grazhdanskoy zaschity: problemy i issledovaniya, 3 (1), 24–38.

DBN V.1.1-25-2009. Inzhenernyi zakhyst terytoriy ta sporud vid pidtoplennia ta zatoplennia.

Zarubizhnyi dosvid vprovadzhennia suchasnykh system vyiavlennia, poperedzhennia ta zakhystu liniy elektroperedavannia vid naslidkiv ozheledi/NPTsR OES Ukrainy (2016). Kyiv, 74.

DSTU B V.2.5-38:2008. Ulashtuvannia blyskavkozakhystu budivel i sporud (IEC 92305:2006, NEQ).

Proektnaya dokumentatsiya. Seriya 3.407.1-139. Zaschita fundamentov opor VL 35–500 kV, sooruzhaemyh na poyme ot ledovyh i volnovyh vozdeystviy.

Gludkin, O. P. (1991). Metody i ustroystva ispytaniy RES i EVS. Moscow: Vysshaya shkola, 336.

Recommendation ITU-R P.1817-1 (2012). Propagation data required for the design of terrestrial free-space optical links.

Recommendation ITU-T L.46 (2000). Protection of telecommunication cables and plant from biological attack.

Recommendation ITU-T G.602 (1988). Reliability and availability of analogue cable transmission systems and associated equipments.

Anakhov, P. V. (2017). Increasing the channel capacity of a part of telecommunivation network at the expense of space-energy multiplexing. Data Recording, Storage & Processing, 19 (1), 50–54. doi: https://doi.org/10.35681/1560-9189.2017.19.1.126493


GOST Style Citations








Copyright (c) 2020 Pavlo Anakhov, Viktoriia Zhebka, Ganna Grynkevych, Anatolii Makarenko

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN (print) 1729-3774, ISSN (on-line) 1729-4061