Analysis of the effect of diesel-essential oil fuel mixture on the performance, noise, vibration of diesel engines
Keywords:fuel mixture, diesel, essential oil, performance, noise, vibration, diesel engine
The increasing demand for diesel fuel causes high levels of air pollution, noise, and vibration. Therefore, we need a mixture of materials that can reduce the environmental effect with low vibration. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a diesel-essential oil mixture on a diesel engine, related to engine performance, noise, and vibration. The research was conducted using a 402 CC Dongfeng diesel engine, a mixture of diesel and essential oils with a percentage of 5 %, 10 %, 15 %, 20 %, engine speed of 1,300 rpm, 1,500 rpm, 1,700 rpm, 1,900 rpm. The noise intensity test uses a sound level meter at 30–130 dBA with a frequency between 20–20,000 Hz. To test the density of smoke, a smoke tester was used. Meanwhile, to measure the rotational speed of the engine, a DT 2234L type tachometer was used. A digital stopwatch was used to measure the processing time with an accuracy of up to 0.01 s. Besides that, a strain gauge was also used to detect vibrations. A measuring cup was used to measure the volume of the mixture of fuel and essential oils. The results showed that in the B10 mixture at 1,300 rpm engine speed, the largest fuel consumption time was 155 s. While the smallest fuel consumption time is found at 1,900 engine speed, which is 106 s. The lowest percentage of exhaust emissions is in the B20 mixture, which is 56.8 %. While the largest percentage of exhaust emissions is in B0 with a value of 79.8 %. The lowest noise value is in the B10 mixture at 1,300 rpm engine speed, which is 105.7 dB. While the highest noise value is at 1,900 engine speed, which is 112.3 dB. The lowest vibration is in the B10 mixture with an engine speed of 1,300 rpm, which is 975.7 Hz. While the highest noise value is in the B10 mixture with 1,900 engine speed, which is 989.8 Hz.
- The author would like to express his appreciation to the State Polytechnic of Malang for the support of this research sponsorship.
- Taghizadeh-Alisaraei, A., Ghobadian, B., Tavakoli-Hashjin, T., Mohtasebi, S. S., Rezaei-asl, A., Azadbakht, M. (2016). Characterization of engine's combustion-vibration using diesel and biodiesel fuel blends by time-frequency methods: A case study. Renewable Energy, 95, 422–432. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2016.04.054
- Biswas, S., Kakati, D., Chakraborti, P., Banerjee, R. (2021). Assessing the potential of ethanol in the transition of biodiesel combustion to RCCI regimes under varying injection phasing strategies: A performance-emission-stability and tribological perspective. Fuel, 304, 121346. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2021.121346
- Uyumaz, A. (2018). Combustion, performance and emission characteristics of a DI diesel engine fueled with mustard oil biodiesel fuel blends at different engine loads. Fuel, 212, 256–267. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2017.09.005
- Karagöz, M., Ağbulut, Ü., Sarıdemir, S. (2020). Waste to energy: Production of waste tire pyrolysis oil and comprehensive analysis of its usability in diesel engines. Fuel, 275, 117844. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2020.117844
- Romantsova, S. V., Nagornov, S. A., Kornev, A. Y. (2019). Composition of additives for improving the performance of contemporary biodiesel fuel. Proceedings of Universities Applied Chemistry and Biotechnology, 3 (9), 547–556. doi: https://doi.org/10.21285/2227-2925-2019-9-3-547-556
- Ravi, M., Kumar, K. V., Murugesan, A. (2016). Performance, emission, noise and vibration characteristics of biogas –diesel dual fuel compression ignition engine. Journal of Advances in Chemistry, 12 (12), 4588–4592. doi: https://doi.org/10.24297/jac.v12i12.793
- Wu, G., Ge, J. C., Choi, N. J. (2020). A Comprehensive Review of the Application Characteristics of Biodiesel Blends in Diesel Engines. Applied Sciences, 10 (22), 8015. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/app10228015
- Prabakaran, B. (2021). Experimental investigation of compression ignition engine fueled with Biobutanol and upgraded waste engine oil for performance. Cleaner Engineering and Technology, 4, 100202. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clet.2021.100202
- Sakthivel, G., Sivaraja, C. M., Ikua, B. W. (2019). Prediction OF CI engine performance, emission and combustion parameters using fish oil as a biodiesel by fuzzy-GA. Energy, 166, 287–306. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2018.10.023
- Santo Filho, D. M. do E., De Abreu, F. L. B., Pereira, R. G., dos Santos Júnior, J. J. P., Siqueira, J. R. R., Ferreira, P. L. S. et. al. (2010). The Influence of the Addition of Oils in the Diesel Fuel Density. Journal of ASTM International, 7 (8), 102791. doi: https://doi.org/10.1520/jai102791
- Hazar, H., Tekdogan, R., Sevinc, H. (2021). Investigating the effects of oxygen enrichment with modified zeolites on the performance and emissions of a diesel engine through experimental and ANN approach. Fuel, 303, 121318. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2021.121318
- Sarıdemir, S., Ağbulut, Ü. (2019). Combustion, performance, vibration and noise characteristics of cottonseed methyl ester–diesel blends fuelled engine. Biofuels, 13 (2), 201–210. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17597269.2019.1667658
- Yildizhan, Ş., Uludamar, E., Özcanli, M., Serin, H. (2018). Evaluation of effects of compression ratio on performance, combustion, emission, noise and vibration characteristics of a VCR diesel engine. International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, 8. doi: https://doi.org/10.20508/ijrer.v8i1.6573.g7284
- Santhosh, S., Velmurugan, V., Paramasivam, V., Thanikaikarasan, S. (2020). Experimental investigation and comparative analysis of rubber engine mount vibration and noise characteristics. Materials Today: Proceedings, 21, 638–642. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2019.06.730
- Aytav, E., Koçar, G., Teksan, A. E. (2020). Experimental Comparison of Biogas and Natural Gas as Vibration, Emission, and Performance in a Diesel Engine Converted to a Dual Fuel. SAE International Journal of Fuels and Lubricants, 13 (1). doi: https://doi.org/10.4271/04-13-01-0004
- Heidary, B., Hassan-beygi, S. R., Ghobadian, B., Taghizadeh, A. (2013). Vibration analysis of a small diesel engine using diesel-biodiesel fuel blends. Agricultural Engineering International: The CIGR e-journal, 15 (3), 117–126.
- Ağbulut, Ü., Karagöz, M., Sarıdemir, S., Öztürk, A. (2020). Impact of various metal-oxide based nanoparticles and biodiesel blends on the combustion, performance, emission, vibration and noise characteristics of a CI engine. Fuel, 270, 117521. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2020.117521
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Sugeng Hadi Susilo, Listiyono Listiyono, Khambali Khambali
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The consolidation and conditions for the transfer of copyright (identification of authorship) is carried out in the License Agreement. In particular, the authors reserve the right to the authorship of their manuscript and transfer the first publication of this work to the journal under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY license. At the same time, they have the right to conclude on their own additional agreements concerning the non-exclusive distribution of the work in the form in which it was published by this journal, but provided that the link to the first publication of the article in this journal is preserved.
A license agreement is a document in which the author warrants that he/she owns all copyright for the work (manuscript, article, etc.).
The authors, signing the License Agreement with PC TECHNOLOGY CENTER, have all rights to the further use of their work, provided that they link to our edition in which the work was published.
According to the terms of the License Agreement, the Publisher PC TECHNOLOGY CENTER does not take away your copyrights and receives permission from the authors to use and dissemination of the publication through the world's scientific resources (own electronic resources, scientometric databases, repositories, libraries, etc.).
In the absence of a signed License Agreement or in the absence of this agreement of identifiers allowing to identify the identity of the author, the editors have no right to work with the manuscript.
It is important to remember that there is another type of agreement between authors and publishers – when copyright is transferred from the authors to the publisher. In this case, the authors lose ownership of their work and may not use it in any way.