DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2015.36189

Optimization of slant scanning in the systems of combined two-step location

Новруз Алмамед оглы Абдуллаев, Хикмет Гамид оглы Асадов

Abstract


Two structures of two-step location systems of terrestrial objects were highlighted in the paper. In the first structure, both location system units are terrestrial, the first determines one target coordinate, and the second - another. In the second structure, the second unit is mounted on the flying carrier. Carrier coordinates are determined by the first unit and target coordinates are determined by the scanner surveying of the object location. The scanner unit performs slant terrain scanning that dictates the need to optimize the slant scanning. A comparative analysis of the known energy-information optimization criterion and the proposed information-energy criterion was conducted. It is shown that the proposed criterion in some circumstances has a higher sensitivity than the information indicator. Optimization of the slant scanning of the terrestrial field was carried out according to the proposed criterion. Conditions for the target functional to achieve the minimum in solving the optimization problem by variational optimization at imposing limitations on the relative amount of information were found.


Keywords


location; optimization; scanner; system; criterion; slant scanning; information; image; unmanned aerial vehicle; sensing

References


Male, R. M., Sarkady, K. A., Romero, H. A., Lynn, J. G., Cordray, D. M., Cross, A., Mackrell, J. F., Sourhwick, J. R., Strothers, K., Schlupf, J. A., Celucci, R. C., Schuette, M. W., Eber, R. (2006). Rocket Artillery Launch Spotter (RLS). Optical Sciences, 1–3.

Counter-Rocket, Artillery, Mortar (C-RAM). Army Programs. Available at: http://www.date.osd.mil/pub/reports/FY2006/pdf/army/2006cram.pdf

Leak detection with thermography and Ultrasonic Acoustics. Available at: asiapacificpartnership.org/pdf/PGTTF/events_october-06/9

Thomas, S. (1997). US Patent # 5,970,024. Acousto-optic weapon location system and method [Text] / – Appl. No.: 08/834,754. Available at: http://www.patents.com/us-5970024.html

Feng, G., Guo, X., Wang, G. (2012). Infrared motion sensing system for human-following tobots. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 185, 1–7. doi: 10.1016/j.sna.2012.06.023

Abdulov, R. N., Abdullaev, N. A., Asadov, H. G. (2013). Voprosy optimizacii primenenija bespilotnyh letatel'nyh apparatov dlja poiska i slezhenija ob’ektov // Nauchno-tehnicheskij vestnik informacionnyh tehnologij, mehaniki i optiki, 1, 45–50.

Hurley, J., Dudhia, D., Grainger, R. G. (2011). Retrieval of macrophysical cloud parameters from MIPAS: algorithm description. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 4 (4), 683–704. doi: 10.5194/amt-4-683-2011

Cao, L., Reichenbach, S. E., Narayanan, R. M. (2002). Information efficiency in hyperspectral imaging systems. Journal of Electronic Imaging 11 (3), 347–353. doi: 10.1117/1.1482097

Gao, M.-L., Zhao, W.-J., Gong, Z.-N., Gong, H.-L., Chen, Z., Tang, X.-M. (2014). Topographic correction of ZY-3 satellite images and its effects on estimation on shrub leaf biomass in mountainous areas. Remote Sensing, 6, 2745–2764. doi: 10.3390/rs6042745

Carbone, A., Pirri, F. Analysis of the local statistics at the centre of fixation during visual scene exploration. Available at: http://www.dis.uniroma1.it/~alcor/site/documents/analysis_of_the_local_statistics_at_the_centre_of_fixation.pdf

Bruce, N., Tsotsos, J. K. (2007). An information theoretic model of saliency and visual search. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 4840, 171–183. doi: 10.1007/978-3-540-77343-6_11

Bruce, N., Tsotsos, J. K. (2009). Saliency, attention, and visual search: An information theoretic approach. Journal of Vision, 9 (3), 1–24. doi: 10.1167/9.3.5

Raj, R., Geisler, W., Frasor, R., Bovik, A. (2005). Natural contrast statistics and the selection of visual fixations. IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, 3, III-1152-5. doi: 10.1109/icip.2005.1530601

Leung, L. W., King, B., Vohora, V. (2001). Comparison of image data fusion techniques using entropy and ini. Paper presented at the 22nd Asian Conference on Remote Sensing.

Asadov, H. H., Ismaylov, K. Kh. (2011). Information method for synthesis of optimal data subsystems designated for positioning, location and remote sensing systems. Positioning, 2 (1), 61–64. doi: 10.4236/pos.2011.21006

Abdulov, R. N., Abdullaev, N. A., Asadov, H. G. (2013). Voprosy optimizacii primenenija bespilotnyh letatel'nyh apparatov dlja poiska i slezhenija ob’ektov. Nauchno-tehnicheskij vestnik informacionnyh tehnologij, mehaniki i optiki, 1, 45–50.


GOST Style Citations


Male, R. M. Rocket Artillery Launch Spotter (RLS) [Text] / R. M. Male, K. A. Sarkady, H. A. Romero, J. G. Lynn, D. M. Cordray, A. Cross, J. F. Mackrell, J. R. Sourhwick, K. Strothers, J. A. Schlupf, R. C. Celucci, M. W. Schuette, R. Eber. – Optical Sciences, 2006. – P. 1–3.

Counter-Rocket, Artillery, Mortar (C-RAM). Army Programs [Electronic resource] / Available at: http://www.date.osd.mil/pub/reports/FY2006/pdf/army/2006cram.pdf

Leak detection with thermography and Ultrasonic Acoustics [Electronic resource] / Available at: asiapacificpartnership.org/pdf/PGTTF/events_october-06/9

US Patent # 5,970,024. Acousto-optic weapon location system and method [Text] / Thomas S. – Appl. No.: 08/834,754; Filed:April 30, 1997. – Available at: http://www.patents.com/us-5970024.html

Feng, G. Infrared motion sensing system for human-following tobots [Text] / G. Feng, X. Guo, G. Wang // Sensors and Actuators A: Physical. – 2012. – Vol. 185. – P. 1–7. doi: 10.1016/j.sna.2012.06.023 

Абдулов, Р. Н. Вопросы оптимизации применения беспилотных летательных аппаратов для поиска и слежения объектов [Текст] / Р. Н. Абдулов, Н. А. Абдуллаев, Х. Г. Асадов // Научно-технический вестник информационных технологий, механики и оптики. – 2013. – № 1. – С. 45–50.

Hurley, J. Retrieval of macrophysical cloud parameters from MIPAS: algorithm description [Text] / J. Hurley, D. Dudhia, R. G. Grainger // Atmospheric Measurement Techniques. – 2011. – Vol. 4, Issue 4. – P. 683–704. doi: 10.5194/amt-4-683-2011 

Cao, L. Information efficiency in hyperspectral imaging systems [Text] / L. Cao, S. E. Reichenbach, R. M. Narayanan // Journal of Electronic Imaging. – 2002. – Vol. 11, Issue 3. – P. 347–353. doi: 10.1117/1.1482097 

Gao, M.-L. Topographic correction of ZY-3 satellite images and its effects on estimation on shrub leaf biomass in mountainous areas [Text] / M.-L. Gao, W.-J. Zhao, Z.-N. Gong, H.-L. Gong, Z. Chen, X.-M. Tang // Remote Sensing. – 2014. – Vol. 6. – P. 2745–2764. doi: 10.3390/rs6042745 

Carbone, A. Analysis of the local statistics at the centre of fixation during visual scene exploration [Electronic resource] / A. Carbone, F. Pirri. – Available at: http://www.dis.uniroma1.it/~alcor/site/documents/analysis_of_the_local_statistics_at_the_centre_of_fixation.pdf

Bruce, N. An information theoretic model of saliency and visual search [Text] / N. Bruce, J. K. Tsotsos // Lecture Notes in Computer Science. –2007. – Vol. 4840. – P. 171–183. doi: 10.1007/978-3-540-77343-6_11 

Bruce, N. Saliency, attention, and visual search: An information theoretic approach [Text] / N. Bruce, J. K. Tsotsos // Journal of Vision. – 2009. – Vol. 9, Issue 3. – P. 1–24. doi: 10.1167/9.3.5 

Raj, R. Natural contrast statistics and the selection of visual fixations [Text] / R. Raj, W. Geisler, R. Frasor, A. Bovik // IEEE International Conference on Image Processing. – 2005. – Vol. 3. – P. III-1152-5. doi: 10.1109/icip.2005.1530601 

Leung, L. W. Comparison of image data fusion techniques using entropy and ini [Text] / L. W. Leung, B. King, V. Vohora // Paper presented at the 22nd Asian Conference on Remote Sensing, 2001.

Asadov, H. H. Information method for synthesis of optimal data subsystems designated for positioning, location and remote sensing systems [Text] / H. H. Asadov, K. Kh. Ismaylov // Positioning. – 2011. – Vol. 2, Issue 1. – P. 61–64. doi: 10.4236/pos.2011.21006 

Асадов, Х. Г. Новый принцип оптимизации систем дистанционного зондирования по энергоинформационному критерию [Текст] / Х. Г. Асадов, М. Дж. Керимов // Информационные технологии. – 2006. – № 5. – С. 41–45.







Copyright (c) 2015 Новруз Алмамед оглы Абдуллаев, Хикмет Гамид оглы Асадов

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN (print) 1729-3774, ISSN (on-line) 1729-4061