Investigation of the process of crushing solid materials in the centrifugal disintegrators
Keywords:crushing, quartzites, size, centrifugal disintegrator, rotor, power costs, mathematical model of material destruction process via stroke in the field of centrifugal force
The paper represents the results of investigation of magnetite quartzite centrifugal disintegrators crushing. It is demonstrated that when crushing quartzites of ingoing size 100 mm, it is possible to obtain crushed product size – 10 mm, in so doing product classes – 10 mm depends on the disintegrator rotor rotation frequency. It is shown that in crushed products of the centrifugal disintegrator of CD-50 type there are more classes minus 10, 5, 1 and 0.074 mm by 30, 42, 32, 13,5 % respectively, than in crushed products of KMD-2200 cone-type crusher. Herewith, it was established that iron content in CD-50 crushed products is 3.3 % higher, that in KMD-2200 ones.
The obtained empirical dependencies of material destruction process via stroke in the field of centrifugal forces can be applied in performance prediction of material centrifugal disintegrators crushing.
The final formula for calculating the material escape speed out of the accelerated disintegrator rotor, which provides required destruction of material, was obtained by means of classical hypothesis method application. Namely, the required speed of material escape out of the operating cylinder of centrifugal disintegrator is linear to specified material reduction degree and value of admissible (critical) stress of the given material destruction, and inversely proportional to Sin of meeting angle of material with bumper plates and value of material acoustic stiffness.
Carried out empirical and theoretical investigations showed the advantages of magnetite quartzite crushing in centrifugal disintegrator before comminution in cone crushers, which makes the use of disintegrators in schemes of preparation of ore for further concentration well-grounded.
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Copyright (c) 2016 Mykola Sokur, Volodymyr Biletskyi, Lidiia Sokur, Denys Bozhyk, Ivan Sokur
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