Development of a reliability model to analyse the causes of a poultry module failure

Serhiy Shcherbovskykh, Nadiia Spodyniuk, Tetyana Stefanovych, Vasyl Zhelykh, Volodymyr Shepitchak

Abstract


A mathematical model of reliability has been developed for a poultry module. The suggested reliability model is designed for quantitative analysis of the causes of such a system failure. The reliability of the module for keeping poultry is formalized with a fault tree, which sets logical conditions for the appearance of the system failure. A failure is recognized as formation of such a microclimate in the area of keeping poultry that potentially threatens the birds’ lives and health. For the module, we distinguish between two main types of violation in its functioning – violation of the temperature control and violation of the ventilation mode in the box. The first case can pose the poultry a threat of hypothermia, and the second results in a lack of fresh air. The fault tree is used to form a homogeneous Markov model that is applied to calculate the characteristics of the system reliability. The model has helped determine the probabilistic characteristics of all causes of failure and the percentage contribution of each cause for a specified operating time. It has been revealed that the biggest contribution to the module failure is made by a simultaneous incapacity of the infrared heater and the calorifier, the exhaust fan failure, and the supply fan incapacity.


Keywords


poultry module; reliability model; fault tree; Markov model; failure cause; catastrophic failure

References


Oliveira, R. F. M. de, Donzele, J. L., Abreu, M. L. T. de, Ferreira, R. A., Vaz, R. G. M. V., Cella, P. S. (2006). Effects of temperature and relative humidity on performance and yield of noble cuts of broilers from 1 to 49 days old. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 35 (3), 797–803. doi: 10.1590/s1516-35982006000300023

Toledo, R. S., Rostagno, H. S., Albino, L. F. T., Dionizio, M. A., Carvalho, D. C. de O., Nogueira, E. T. (2011). Lysine nutritional requirements of broilers reared in clean and dirty environments during the pre-starter and starter phases. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 40 (10), 2205–2210. doi: 10.1590/s1516-35982011001000021

Dudkiewicz, E., Fidorow, N., Jezowiecki, J. (2013). The Influence of Infrared Heaters Efficiency on the Energy Consumption Cost. Rocznik Ochrona Srodowiska, 15, 1804–1817.

Brown, K. J., Farrelly, R., O’Shaughnessy, S. M., Robinson, A. J. (2016). Energy efficiency of electrical infrared heating elements. Applied Energy, 162, 581–588. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.10.064

Zhelykh, V., Spodyniuk, N., Dzeryn, O., Shepitchak, V. (2015). Specificity of Temperature Mode Formation in Production Premises with Infrared Heating System. International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology (IJEIT), 4 (9), 8–16.

Cordeiro, M. B., Tinoco, I. D. F., da Silva, J. N. et. al. (2010). Thermal comfort and performance of chicks submitted to different heating systems during winter. Revista brasileira de zootecnia-brazilian journal of animal science, 39 (1), 217–224.

Chiacchio, F., Compagno, L., D’Urso, D., Manno, G., Trapani, N. (2011). Dynamic fault trees resolution: A conscious trade-off between analytical and simulative approaches. Reliability Engineering & System Safety, 96 (11), 1515–1526. doi: 10.1016/j.ress.2011.06.014

Vega, M., Sarmiento, Hé. G. (2008). Algorithm to Evaluate Substation Reliability With Cut and Path Sets. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 44 (6), 1851–1858. doi: 10.1109/tia.2008.2006351

Yeh, W.-C. (2006). A new algorithm for generating minimal cut sets in k-out-of-n networks. Reliability Engineering & System Safety, 91 (1), 36–43. doi: 10.1016/j.ress.2004.11.020

Nguyen, T. P. K., Beugin, J., Marais, J. (2015). Method for evaluating an extended Fault Tree to analyse the dependability of complex systems: Application to a satellite-based railway system. Reliability Engineering & System Safety, 133, 300–313. doi: 10.1016/j.ress.2014.09.019

Manno, G., Chiacchio, F., Compagno, L., D’Urso, D., Trapani, N. (2014). Conception of Repairable Dynamic Fault Trees and resolution by the use of RAATSS, a Matlab® toolbox based on the ATS formalism. Reliability Engineering & System Safety, 121, 250–262. doi: 10.1016/j.ress.2013.09.002

Codetta-Raiteri, D. (2011). Integrating several formalisms in order to increase Fault Trees' modeling power. Reliability Engineering & System Safety, 96 (5), 534–544. doi: 10.1016/j.ress.2010.12.027

Shcherbovskykh, S., Lozynsky, O., Marushchak, Ya. (2011). Failure intensity determination for system with standby doubling. Przeglad Elektrotechniczny, 87 (5), 160–162.

Mandziy, B., Lozynsky, O., Shcherbovskykh, S. (2013). Mathematical model for failure cause analysis of electrical systems with load-sharing redundancy of component. Przeglad Elektrotechniczny, 89 (11), 244–247.

Stefanovych, T., Shcherbovskykh, S., Droździel, P. (2015). The reliability model for failure cause analysis of pressure vessel protective fittings with taking into account load-sharing effect between valves. Diagnostyka, 16 (4), 17–24.


GOST Style Citations


Oliveira, R. F. M. Effects of temperature and relative humidity on performance and yield of noble cuts of broilers from 1 to 49 days old [Text] / R. F. M. Oliveira, J. L. Donzele, M. L. T. Abreu, R. A. Erreira, R. G. M. V. Vaz, P. S. Cella // Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia. – 2006. – Vol. 35, Issue 3. – P. 797–803. doi: 10.1590/s1516-35982006000300023 

Toledo, R. S. Lysine nutritional requirements of broilers reared in clean and dirty environments during the pre-starter and starter phases [Text] / R. S. Toledo, H. S. Rostagno, L. F. T. Albino, M. A. Dionizio, D. C. de O. Carvalho, E. T. Nogueira // Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia. – 2011. – Vol. 40, Issue 10. – P. 2205–2210. doi: 10.1590/s1516-35982011001000021 

Dudkiewicz, E. The Influence of Infrared Heaters Efficiency on the Energy Consumption Cost [Text] / E. Dudkiewicz, N. Fidorow, J. Jezowiecki // Rocznik Ochrona Srodowiska. – 2013. – Vol. 15. – P. 1804–1817.

Brown, K. J. Energy efficiency of electrical infrared heating elements [Text] / K. J. Brown, R. Farrelly, S. M. O'shaughnessy, A. J. Robinson // Applied Energy. – 2016. – Vol. 162. – P. 581–588. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.10.064 

Zhelykh, V. Specificity of Temperature Mode Formation in Production Premises with Infrared Heating System [Text] / V. Zhelykh, N. Spodyniuk, O. Dzeryn, V. Shepitchak // International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology (IJEIT). – 2015. – Vol. 4, Issue 9. – P. 8–16.

Cordeiro, M. B. Thermal comfort and performance of chicks submitted to different heating systems during winter [Text] / M. B. Cordeiro, I. D. F. Tinoco, J. N. da Silva et. al. // Revista brasileira de zootecnia-brazilian journal of animal science. – 2010. – Vol. 39, Issue 1. – P. 217–224.

Chiacchio, F. Dynamic fault trees resolution: A conscious trade-off between analytical and simulative approaches [Text] / F. Chiacchio, L. Compagno, D. D'Urso, G. Manno, N. Trapani// Reliability Engineering & System Safety. – 2011. – Vol. 96, Issue 11. – P. 1515–1526. doi: 10.1016/j.ress.2011.06.014 

Vega, M. Algorithm to evaluate substation reliability with cut and path sets [Text] / M. Vega, H. G. Sarmiento // IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications. – 2008. – Vol. 44, Issue 6. – P. 1851–1858. doi: 10.1109/tia.2008.2006351 

Yeh, W.-C. A new algorithm for generating minimal cut sets in k-out-of-n networks [Text] / W.-C. Yeh // Reliability Engineering & System Safety. – 2006. – Vol. 91, Issue 1. – P. 36–43. doi: 10.1016/j.ress.2004.11.020 

Nguyen, T. P. K. Method for evaluating an extended Fault Tree to analyse the dependability of complex systems: Application to a satellite-based railway system [Text] / T. P. K. Nguyen, J. Beugin, J. Marais // Reliability Engineering & System Safety. – 2015. – Vol. 133. – P. 300–313. doi: 10.1016/j.ress.2014.09.019 

Manno, G. Conception of Repairable Dynamic Fault Trees and resolution by the use of RAATSS, a Matlab® toolbox based on the ATS formalism [Text] / G. Manno, F. Chiacchio, L. Compagno, D. D'Urso, N. Trapani // Reliability Engineering & System Safety. – 2014. – Vol. 121. – P. 250–262. doi: 10.1016/j.ress.2013.09.002 

Codetta-Raiteri, D. Integrating several formalisms in order to increase Fault Trees' modeling power [Text] / D. Codetta-Raiteri // Reliability Engineering & System Safety. – 2011. – Vol. 96, Issue 5. – P. 534–544. doi: 10.1016/j.ress.2010.12.027 

Shcherbovskykh, S. Failure intensity determination for system with standby doubling [Text] / S. Shcherbovskykh, O. Lozynsky, Ya. Marushchak // Przeglad Elektrotechniczny. – 2011. – Vol. 87, Issue 5. – P. 160–162.

Mandziy, B. Mathematical model for failure cause analysis of electrical systems with load-sharing redundancy of component [Text] / B. Mandziy, O. Lozynsky, S. Shcherbovskykh // Przeglad Elektrotechniczny. – 2013. – Vol. 89, Issue 11. – P. 244–247.

Stefanovych, T. The reliability model for failure cause analysis of pressure vessel protective fittings with taking into account load-sharing effect between valves [Text] / T. Stefanovych, S. Shcherbovskykh, P. Droździel // Diagnostyka. – 2015. – Vol. 16, Issue 4. – P. 17–24.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2016.73354

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Copyright (c) 2016 Serhiy Shcherbovskykh, Nadiia Spodyniuk, Tetyana Stefanovych, Vasyl Zhelykh, Volodymyr Shepitchak

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ISSN (print) 1729-3774, ISSN (on-line) 1729-4061