Development of direct method of direction finding with two-dimensional correlative processing of spatial signal

Vitaliy Tsyporenko, Valentyn Tsyporenko

Abstract


The development of the direct digital method of correlative-interferometric direction finding with two-dimensional correlative processing of the reconstructed complex spatial signal in the aperture of linear antenna array was conducted. The estimations of directions towards the radio sources are obtained through the use of a two-dimensional frequency domain of determination and a two-stage processing, which enables the direct correlative analysis with minimal computing expense. At this point, the direct estimation of directions towards the sources of casual radio emissions, which spectra are fully overlapped by frequency, is performed in real time by reconstructing of the complex spatial analytical signals, their spatial selection and dispersive-correlative processing.

As a result of simulation, the dependence family of mean square deviation of estimation of direction from the direction of the source of radio radiation for different signal/noise ratios is obtained. The analysis showed that the examined method provides a higher accuracy of direction finding in comparison with the known method in a wide sector of directions, but it has lower computation costs and provides a significant speed increase of direction finding.

It is shown that the direction finding in the sector 360 degrees with an error of less than 0.04 degrees, when the input signal/noise ratio of 0 dB, is possible by using two antenna arrays. The possibility to ensure the resolution of 8 degrees or less at a signal/noise ratio of 0 dB, which is an important advantage in a complex electromagnetic environment is also shown.


Keywords


direct digital method; correlative-interferometric direction finding; reconstructing of the spatial analytical signal

References


Kratschmer, G. (2011). Introduction into Theory of Direction Finding. Radiomonitoring and Radiolocation 2010/2011.

Bondarenko, M. V. (2011). Direction-finding accuracy of the linear digital array under jitter conditions. Proceedings of the 21th International Crimean Conference on Microwave and Telecommunication Technology (CriMiCo), 1128–1129.

Yang, J., Chen, W., Li, L., Ni, X. (2014). Long baseline direction finding and localization algorithms for noise radiation source. 2014 12th International Conference on Signal Processing (ICSP). doi: 10.1109/icosp.2014.7014968

Tsyporenko, V. V., Tsyporenko, V. G. (2012). Direct digital method of spectral correlative-interferometric direction finding with the use of antenna array. Visnyk of ZSTU, 1 (60), 77–83.

Tsyporenko, V. V. (2012). Direct digital method of correlative-interferometric direction finding with reconstruction of spatial analytical signal. Visnyk of NTUU „KPI”. Ser. Radioengeneering. Radiodevices construction, 48, 75–83.

Voskresenskiy, D. I., Ovchinnikova, E. V., Kondratieva, S. G., Shmachilin, P. A. (2012). Digital beam forming by means of matrix Fourier transform method. Proceedings of the 22nd International Crimean Conference on Microwave and Telecommunication Technology (CriMiCo), 455–456.

Sanchez, T., Gomez, C., Castillo, G. I. A., Bernal, M. P. (2016). Radio direction finding system for spectrum management activities in developing countries. 2016 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (APSURSI). doi: 10.1109/aps.2016.7696538

Fu, X., Sidiropoulos, N. D., Ma, W.-K., Tranter, J. (2014). Blind spectra separation and direction finding for cognitive radio using temporal correlation-domain ESPRIT. 2014 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP). doi: 10.1109/icassp.2014.6855108

Rembovskiy, А. М., Ashyhmin, А. V., Kuzmin, V. А.; Rembovskiy, А. М. (Ed.) (2010). Radiomonitiring – tasks, methods, devices. Мoscow: Hotline – Telecom, 624.

Guo, F., Fan, Y., Zhou, Y., Zhou, C., Li, Q. (2014). Space Electronic Reconnaissance. John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd., 357. doi: 10.1002/9781118542200

Tsyporenko, V. V., Tsyporenko, V. G. (2012). The patent of Ukraine for the invention 99083. Method of digital complex direction – finding. MPK G01S 3/00. No. а201113893; declared: 25.11.2011; published: 10.07.2012, Bul. 13, 5.

Radzievskiy, V. G., Syrota, A. A. (2004). Theoratical bases of radio-electronic reconnaissance. Мoscow: Radioengeneering, 432.

Proakis, J. G., Manolakis, D. G. (2006). Digital Signal Processing. Prentice-Hall, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA, 1004.

Palicot, J., Favennec, P.-N. (Eds.) (2011). Radio Engineering: From Software Radio to Cognitive Radio. Prentice-Hall, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA, Wiley-ISTE, 378. doi: 10.1002/9781118602218

Lawrence, S. (1987). Digital Spectral Analysis: With Applications. Prentice Hall, 492.


GOST Style Citations


Kratschmer, G. Introduction into Theory of Direction Finding [Text] / G. Kratschmer // Radiomonitoring and Radiolocation 2010/2011. – 2011.

Bondarenko, M. V. Direction-finding accuracy of the linear digital array under jitter conditions [Text] / M. V. Bondarenko // Proceedings of the 21th International Crimean Conference on Microwave and Telecommunication Technology (CriMiCo). – 2011. – P. 1128–1129.

Yang, J. Long baseline direction finding and localization algorithms for noise radiation source [Text] / J. Yang, W. Chen, L. Li, X. Ni // 2014 12th International Conference on Signal Processing (ICSP). – 2014. doi: 10.1109/icosp.2014.7014968 

Tsyporenko, V. V. Direct digital method of spectral correlative-interferometric direction finding with the use of antenna array [Text] / V. V. Tsyporenko, V. G. Tsyporenko // Visnyk of ZSTU. – 2012. – Issue 1 (60). – P. 77–83.

Tsyporenko, V. V. Direct digital method of correlative-interferometric direction finding with reconstruction of spatial analytical signal [Text] / V. V. Tsyporenko // Visnyk of NTUU „KPI”. Ser. Radioengeneering. Radiodevices construction. – 2012. – Issue 48. – P. 75–83.

Voskresenskiy, D. I. Digital beam forming by means of matrix Fourier transform method [Text] / D. I. Voskresenskiy, E. V. Ovchinnikova, S. G. Kondratieva, P. A. Shmachilin // Proceedings of the 22nd International Crimean Conference on Microwave and Telecommunication Technology (CriMiCo). – 2012. – P. 455–456.

Sanchez, T. Radio direction finding system for spectrum management activities in developing countries [Text] / T. Sanchez, C. Gomez, G. I. A. Castillo, M. P. Bernal // 2016 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (APSURSI). – 2016. doi: 10.1109/aps.2016.7696538 

Fu, X. Blind spectra separation and direction finding for cognitive radio using temporal correlation-domain ESPRIT [Text] / X. Fu, N. D. Sidiropoulos, W.-K. Ma, J. Tranter // 2014 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP). – 2014. doi: 10.1109/icassp.2014.6855108 

Rembovskiy, А. М. Radiomonitiring – tasks, methods, devices [Text] / А. М. Rembovskiy, А. V. Ashyhmin, V. А. Kuzmin; А. М. Rembovskiy (Ed.). – 2-nd ed. – Мoscow: Hotline – Telecom, 2010. – 624 p.

Guo, F. Space Electronic Reconnaissance [Text] / F. Guo, Y. Fan, Y. Zhou, C. Zhou, Q. Li. – John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd., 2014. – 357 p. doi: 10.1002/9781118542200 

The patent of Ukraine for the invention 99083. Method of digital complex direction – finding. MPK G01S 3/00 [Text] / Tsyporenko V. V., Tsyporenko V. G.; The applicant and patentee Zhitomir, st. techn. University. – а201113893; declared: 25.11.2011; published: 10.07.2012, Bul. 13. – 5 p.

Radzievskiy, V. G. Theoratical bases of radio-electronic reconnaissance [Text] / V. G. Radzievskiy, A. A. Syrota. – 2-nd ed., recast and amplified. – Мoscow: Radioengeneering, 2004. – 432 p.

Proakis, J. G. Digital Signal Processing [Text] / J. G. Proakis, D. G. Manolakis. – 4-th ed. – Prentice-Hall, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA, 2006. – 1004 p.

Radio Engineering: From Software Radio to Cognitive Radio [Text] / J. Palicot, P.-N. Favennec (Eds.). – Prentice-Hall, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA, Wiley-ISTE, 2011. – 378 p. doi: 10.1002/9781118602218 

Lawrence, S. Digital Spectral Analysis: With Applications [Text] / S. Lawrence. – Prentice Hall, 1987. – 492 p.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2016.85599

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Vitaliy Tsyporenko, Valentyn Tsyporenko

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN (print) 1729-3774, ISSN (on-line) 1729-4061