Assessment of safety index for water ecological system

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2016.86170

Keywords:

ecological safety index, water ecosystem, stonobionts, mortality rate, ecosafety management algorithm

Abstract

The harmful effect of wastewater factor on stenobiont organisms of the Gammaridae family is experimentally determined. Based on the defined environmental characteristics of aquatic organisms in the estuarine complex of the Southern Bug river (Mykolaiv region, Ukraine), the calculated ecological system safety index, which can vary in the range 0˂ESI˂1, takes the value of 0.18. This suggests a crisis ecological situation in the ecological system of the river and is confirmed by the graphic and analytical material, presented in the paper.

Double integration (using living organisms as an integrated status indicator of the river, the lower reaches of which fully reflects the level of balance of the “man-nature” system in its basin) allows speaking about considering the principle of comprehensiveness in the evaluation results. The causal relationships between the economic complex of human and the natural systems, which primarily determine the low current value of the proposed index are analyzed. The experimental work with further ESI calculations proves the failure of regulatory evaluation of the concept of human impact on the environment to ensure the objectivity of evaluation. The result of the research is the practical implementation of new theoretical developments in the field of safety assessment of ecological systems. The resulting index value correlates well with both qualitative and quantitative characteristics of the studied water ecosystem. The theoretical work on the algorithm of ensuring (management) the ecological safety of natural and socio-natural systems is also extended. The developed technique can also be used to assess the social, economic development components and for a generalized indicator of sustainable development.

Author Biographies

Yevhen Bezsonov, Petro Mohyla Black Sea State University 68 Desantnykiv str., 10, Mykolaiv, Ukraine, 54003

Postgraduate student

Department of Ecology and Nature Management

Viacheslav Andreev, Petro Mohyla Black Sea State University 68 Desantnykiv str., 10, Mykolaiv, Ukraine, 54003

PhD, Associate Professor

Department of Ecology and Nature Management

Viktor Smyrnov, Petro Mohyla Black Sea National University 68 Desantnykiv str., 10, Mykolaiv, Ukraine, 54003

PhD, Associate Professor

Department of Ecology and Nature Management

References

Statyuha, H. O., Sokolov V. A., Abramov I. B., Boiko T. V., Abramova A. O. (2010). To issue of ecological safety quantitative evaluation at EIA. Eastern-European journal of enterprise technologies, 6/6 (48), 44–46. Available at: http://journals.uran.ua/eejet/article/view/3347/3147

Cherkashyn, S. A. (2001). Biotesting: terminology, objectives, basic requirements and application in fisheries toxicology [Biotestirovanie: terminolohia, zadachi, osnovnye trebovania i primenenie v rybohoziaistvennoi toksikolohii]. Izvestia TINRO, 128 (1-3), 1020–1035. – Available at: http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/biotestirovanie-terminologiya-zadachi-osnovnye-trebovaniya-i-primenenie-v-rybohozyaystvennoy-toksikologii

Akimova, T. A., Haskin, V. V. (1999). Ecology [Ekolohia]. Moscow: UNITI, 455.

Bezsonov, Ye. M., Andreev, V. I. (2016). Justification and formalization of approach to regional environmental safety evaluation. Eastern-European journal of enterprise technologies, 2/10 (80), 9–18. doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2016.64843

Bezsonov, Ye. M. (2015). Reorientation of ecological safety performance indicators [Pereorientatsia otsinochnyh pokaznykiv ekolohichnoi bezpeky]. V-j Vseukrai'ns'kyj z’i'zd ekologiv z mizhnarodnoju uchastju (Ekologija/Ecology-2015). Vinnycja: TOV «Nilan–LTD», 33.

Dobrovolskyi, V. V. (2004). Dualism of human in the socioecological system [Dualism liudyny v sotsioekolohichnii systemi]. Naukovi pratsi: Naukovo-metodychnyi zhurnal, 39 (26), 11–17.

Dobrovolskyi, V. V. (2006). Fundamentals of the theory of ecological systems [Osnovy terii ekolohichnyh system]. Kyiv: VD Profesional, 272.

Holubets, M. A. (2000). Ecosystemology [Ekosystemolohia]. Lviv: Polli, 316.

Vernadskyi, V. I. (1978). Living matter [Zhyvoe veshchestvo]. Moscow: Nauka, 358.

Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Biodiversity Synthesis. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005). Washington, DC. Available at: http://www.millenniumassessment.org/ru/Synthesis.html

Shuiskii, V. F. (1997). Laws of limiting freshwater macrozoobenthos by environmental factors [Zakonomernosti limitirovania presnovodnoho makrozoobentosa ekolohicheskimi faktorami]. Sankt-Peterburg.

Bezsonov, Ye. M., Andreev, V. I. (2015). The environmental component of sustainable development: study priorities and ways to ensure [Ekolohichna skladova staloho rozvytku: obgruntuvannia priorytetnosti ta shliahy zabezpechennia]. Visnyk Vinnytskoho politehnichnoho instytutu, 6 (123), 23–29.

Horbut, N. (2007). Zoobenthos of small rivers in conditions of oil pollution [Zoobentos malyh richok v umovah naftovoho zabrudnennia]. Visnyk Prykarpats'kogo nacional'nogo universytetu imeni Vasylja Stefanyka, VII-VIII, 204–206. Available at: http://www.nbuv.gov.ua/old_jrn/Chem_Biol/vpnu_biol/2007_7-8/7-79.pdf

Bezmaternyh, D. M. (2007). Zoobenthos as an indicator of the ecological status of aquatic ecosystems of Western Siberia: an analytical review [Zoobentos kak indicator ekolohicheskoho sostoiania vodnyh ekosistem Zapadnoi Sibiri: analiticheskii obzor]. Novosibirsk, 87.

Maltby, L.; Sutcliffe, D. W. (Ed.) (1994). Stress, shredders and streams: using gammarus energetics to assess water quality. Water quality and stress indicators in marine and freshwater systems: linking levels of organisation. Ambleside, UK, Freshwater Biological Association, 98–110.

Maltby, L., Clayton, S. A., Wood, R. M., McLoughlin, N. (2002). Evaluation of theGammarus pulexin situ feeding assay as a biomonitor of water quality: Robustness, responsiveness, and relevance. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 21 (2), 361–368. doi: 10.1002/etc.5620210219

Gerhardt, A., Bloor, M., Mills, C. L. (2011). Gammarus: Important Taxon in Freshwater and Marine Changing Environments. International Journal of Zoology, 2011, 1–2. doi: 10.1155/2011/524276

Estimating environmental damage in freshwater (2008). The Nuffield Foundation. Available at: http://www.nuffieldfoundation.org/sites/default/files/25_Estimatg_env_freshwater.pdf

Pascoe, D., Kedwards, T. J., Blockwell, S. J., Taylor, E. J. (1995). Gammarus pulex (L.) feeding bioassay?Effects of parasitism. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 55 (4). doi: 10.1007/bf00196046

Ustarbekov, A. K., Mahomedov, T. А., Kurbanova, Z. S., Kurbanov, Z. М. et. al. (2006). Qualitative and quantitative characterization of young fish feeding in the western part of the Middle Caspian [Kachestvennaia i kolichestvennaia harakteristika pitania molodi ryb v zapadnoi chasti Srednego Kaspia]. IX Sezd Gydrobyologycheskogo obshhestva RAN. Toliatti: IEVB RAN, 209. Available at: http://www.shuisky-vf.narod.ru/V2.pdf

Zadoenko, I. N., Leis, O. A., Hrigoriev, V. F. (1985). Results and prospects of acclimatization Baikal gammarids reservoirs in the USSR [Resultaty i perspektivy akklimatizatsyi baikalskih gammarid v vodoemah SSSR]. Sbornik nauchnyh trudov, 232. Available at: http://www.reabic.net/publ/Zadoenko_etal_1985.pdf

Berg, L. S., Bohdanov, A. S., Kozhyn, N. I., Rass, T. S. (Eds.) (1949). USSR Commercial fish [Promyslovye ryby SSSR]. Moscow: Pishchepromizdat, 793. Available at: http://herba.msu.ru/shipunov/school/books/promysl_ryby_sssr1949_opis.pdf

Mazur, R., Wagner, A., Zhou, M. (2013). The application of the Lymnaea stagnalis embryo-test in the toxicity bioindication of surfactants in fresh waters. Ecological Indicators, 30, 190–195. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2013.02.002

Favas, P. J. C., Pratas, J., Prasad, M. N. V. (2012). Accumulation of arsenic by aquatic plants in large-scale field conditions: Opportunities for phytoremediation and bioindication. Science of The Total Environment, 433, 390–397. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.06.091

Kosior, G., Samecka-Cymerman, A., Kolon, K., Kempers, A. J. (2010). Bioindication capacity of metal pollution of native and transplanted Pleurozium schreberi under various levels of pollution. Chemosphere, 81 (3), 321–326. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2010.07.029

Franzle, O. (2006). Complex bioindication and environmental stress assessment. Ecological Indicators, 6 (1), 114–136. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2005.08.015

Rozenberg, G. S. (Ed.) (2005). Quantitative methods of ecology and hydrobiology (collection of scientific papers dedicated to the memory of A. I. Bakanov). Tolyatti: SamNC RAN, 404.

Chapman, D. (Ed.) (1996). Water quality assessment: a guide to the use of biota, sediments and water in environmental monitoring. Great Britain, 609. Available at: http://eng.harran.edu.tr/moodle/moodledata/11/Dosyalar/Water_Quality_Assessments.pdf

Mayer, F., Ellersieck, M. R. (1986). Manual of acute toxicity: interpretation and data base for 410 chemical and 66 species of freshwater animals. Dep. Inter. Fish and Wildlife Serv. Resour. Publ. Available at: http://www.cerc.usgs.gov/pubs/center/pdfDocs/90506-intro.pdf

Shuiskii, V. F., Maksimova, T. V., Petrov, D. S. (2002). Bioindication of water quality, the state of freshwater ecosystems and their anthropogenic changes [Bioindikatsia kachestva vodnoi sredy, sostoiania presnovodnyh ekosistem i ih antropohennyh izmenenii]. VII mezhdunar. konf. "Ekolohia i razvitie Severo-Zapada Rossii". Sankt-Peterburg: Izd-vo MANEB.

Zhukinskii, V. N., Zhuravleva, L. A., Ivanov, A. I. et. al.; Zajcev, Ju. P. (Ed.) (1989). Dnieper-Bug estuary ecosystem [Dneprovsko-Buhskaia estuarnaia ekosistema]. Kyiv: Naukova dumka, 240.

Holodov, V. I.; Eremeev, V. N. (Ed.) (2014). Planning of experiments in hydrobiological investigations [Planirovanie eksperimentov v hidrobiolohicheskih issledovaniah]. Sevastopol, 182.

Sverguzova, S. V., Malahatka, Yu. N. (2010). Development of a method for purification of model solutions of synthetic surfactants [Razrabotka sposoba ochistki modelnyh rastvorov ot synteticheskih poverhnostno-aktivnyh veshchestv]. Nauchno-tehnicheskij sbornik, 93, 162–166. Available at: http://eprints.kname.edu.ua/16970/1/162-166_%D0%A1%D0%B2%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B3%D1%83%D0%B7%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B0_%D0%A1%D0%92.pdf

SPAV. Available at: http://www.moreprom.ru/article.php?id=39

Ostroumov, S. A. (2006). Biological effects of surfactants. CRC Press.

Report on the state of the environment in the Mykolaiv region for 2012 [Dopovid pro stan navkolyshnoho pryrodnoho seredovyshcha v Mykolaivskii oblasti za 2012 rik]. Avaialble at: http://www.menr.gov.ua/index.php/dopovidi/regionalni/1124

Shapar, A. H., Skripnik, O. O. (2013). The impact of reservoirs on water resources state of Dnipro River basin [Vplyv vodoshovyshch na stan vodnyh resursiv baseinu r. Dnipro]. Ekolohia i pryrodokorystuvannia, 17, 49–57. Available at: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/ecolpr_2013_17_8

Dmytrieva, O. O. (2008). Ecological and social assessment of the implementation an ecologically safe wastewater in Odessa [Ekoloho-sotsialna otsinka vprovadzhennia bezpechnoho vodovidvedennia u m. Odesa]. Agrosvi, 7, 15–22.

Law of Ukraine "On National Security of Ukraine" [Zakon Ukrainy “Pro osnovy natsionalnoi bezpeky Ukrainy”] with amendments from 07.08.2015 (2003). – Verhovna Rada Ukrai'ny, № 964-IV. Available at: http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/964-15

Published

2016-12-27

How to Cite

Bezsonov, Y., Andreev, V., & Smyrnov, V. (2016). Assessment of safety index for water ecological system. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 6(10 (84), 24–34. https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2016.86170