DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2017.92815

Use of ontologies and semantic web to provide for the transparency of qualifications frameworks

Julia Rogushina, Serhii Pryima

Abstract


The problem of correlating and comparing the levels of the European and national qualifications framework and the potential of Semantic Web technologies for solving this problem were explored. We substantiated the need for creating models and methods, aimed at providing transparency of the European and national qualifications frameworks and the development of tools for implementing these methods.

Authors proposed a reference model of the qualifications framework that formalizes knowledge of basic information objects relating to learning outcomes and their representation in the qualifications frameworks. The specific feature of this model implies using atomic competencies: semantics of information objects of different classes is formalized through a set of such atomic competences that are associated with different properties of these objects. This should provide for the automatic juxtaposing of these information objects on the level of knowledge. The methods of calculating measures of semantic proximity between information objects of different classes of ontological models, which corresponds to different problems, are proposed in the work. This allows identifying a similarity between learning outcomes, which are described with the use of descriptors of different qualification frameworks.

Information regarding atomic competences is obtained from the national and European standards, qualifications frameworks, speciality descriptions, etc. They may be automatically supplemented via analysis of relevant information of Web-resources that contain semantic markup.

The work considers in detail the mechanism of integration of the reference information model of competences with technological environment Semantic MediaWiki: ontology concepts and relationships are used for semantic markup of Wiki-pages as categories and semantic properties. This allows running a variety of semantic queries to the content of pages, relating to learning outcomes. Examples of such queries are given and their expressive power is analyzed.

An example of using the ontological model of competences for improving semantic Web-search for the information for the purpose of supplementing and updating Wiki-pages was studied. The ontology potential in specification of information needs and the increased intersection of the obtained results is demonstrated with the example of the semantic search engine MAÌPS.


Keywords


qualifications framework; ontology of competences; Wiki; semantic markup; semantic search

References


Postanova «Pro zatverdzhennja Nacional'noi' ramky kvalifikacij» (2011). Kabinet Ministriv Ukrai'ny, No. 1341. Available at: http://zakon1.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1341-2011-%D0%BF

Lugovyj, V., Talanova, Zh. (2010). Nacional'na ramka kvalifikacij: rozuminnja i realizacija. Prof.-tehn. Osvita, 1, 5–9.

Pryima, S. M., Panin, O. V. (2013). Transparency of european and national framework of qualifications on the basis of computer ontology. Information Technologies and Learning Tools, 33 (1). Avaialble at: http://journal.iitta.gov.ua/index.php/itlt/article/view/789

Coles, M., Werquin, P. (2009). The role of national qualifications systems in helping to modernise vocational education and training systems. Modernising vocational education and training, 141–179.

Chakroun, B. (2010). National Qualification Frameworks: from policy borrowing to policy learning. European Journal of Education, 45 (2), 199–216. doi: 10.1111/j.1465-3435.2010.01425.x

Slawinski, S., Debowski, H., Chlon-Dominczak, A., Krasniewski, A., Pierwieniecka, R., Stechly, W., Ziewiec, G. (2013). Referencing the Polish qualifications framework for lifelong learning to the European qualifications framework. Warsaw: Educational research institute, 132. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/ploteus/sites/eac-eqf/files/Polish%20Referencing%20Report.pdf

National qualifications framework developments in Europe (2015). Luxembourg: Publications office of the European Union, 94. Available at: http://www.cedefop.europa.eu/files/4137_en.pdf

Find and Compare Qualifications Frameworks. European Commission. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/ploteus/en/compare

European Dictionary of Skills and Competences (DISCO II). DISCO. Available at: http://disco-tools.eu/

TRAnsporent Competence in Europe (TRACE). Available at: http://www.eife-l.org/activities/projects/trace

European Skills, Competences, Qualifications and Occupations (ESCO). European Commission. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/esco/portal/home

Lundqvist, K. O., Baker, K. D., Williams, S. A. An ontological approach to competency management. EIfEL. Available at: http://www.eife-l.org/publications/proceedings/ilf07/Contribution110.doc.pdf/at_download/file

Gruber, T. R. What is an Ontology? KSL. Available at: http://www-ksl.stanford.edu/kst/what-is-an-ontology.html

Rogushyna, Ju. V., Gladun, A. Ja., Osadchyj, V. V., Pryima, S. M. (2015). Ontologichnyj analiz u Web. Melitopol: MDPU im. Bogdana Hmel'nyc'kogo, 407.

Warren, P. (2006). Knowledge Management and the Semantic Web: From Scenario to Technology. IEEE Intelligent Systems, 21 (1), 53–59. doi: 10.1109/mis.2006.12

Uschold, M., Gruninger, M. (1996). Ontologies: principles, methods and applications. The Knowledge Engineering Review, 11 (02), 93. doi: 10.1017/s0269888900007797

Wagner, C. (2004). Wiki: A technology for conversational knowledge management and group collaboration. Communications of the Association for Information Systems, 13, 264–289. Available at: http://aisel.aisnet.org/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3238&context=cais

Spenser, S., Spenser, L. (2005). Kompetencyy na rabote. Moscow: HIPPO, 384.

Rogushina, J., Gladun, A. (2012). Ontology-based Competency Analyses in New Research Domains. Journal of Computing and Information Technology, 2 (4), 277. doi: 10.2498/cit.1002034

Rogushina, J. (2016). Use of the Ontological Model for Personification of the Semantic Search. International Journal of Mathematical Sciences and Computing, 2 (1), 1–15. doi: 10.5815/ijmsc.2016.01.01


GOST Style Citations


Postanova «Pro zatverdzhennja Nacional'noi' ramky kvalifikacij» [Text]. – Kabinet Ministriv Ukrai'ny, 2011. – No. 1341. – Available at: http://zakon1.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1341-2011-%D0%BF

Lugovyj, V. Nacional'na ramka kvalifikacij: rozuminnja i realizacija [Text] / V. Lugovyj, Zh. Talanova // Prof.-tehn. osvita. – 2010. – Issue 1. – P. 5–9.

Pryima, S. M. Transparency of european and national framework of qualifications on the basis of computer ontology [Text] / S. M. Pryima, O. V. Panin // Information Technologies and Learning Tools. – 2013. – Vol. 33, Issue 1. – Avaialble at: http://journal.iitta.gov.ua/index.php/itlt/article/view/789

Coles, M. The role of national qualifications systems in helping to modernise vocational education and training systems [Text] / M. Coles, P. Werquin // Modernising vocational education and training. – 2009. – P. 141–179.

Chakroun, B. National qualification frameworks: From policy borrowing to policy learning [Text] / B. Chakroun // European Journal of Education. – 2010. – Vol. 45, Issue 2. – P. 199–216. doi: 10.1111/j.1465-3435.2010.01425.x 

Slawinski, S. Referencing the Polish qualifications framework for lifelong learning to the European qualifications framework [Text] / S. Slawnski, H. Debowski, A. Chlon-Dominczak, A. Krasniewski, R. Pierwieniecka, W. Stechly, G. Ziewiec. – Warsaw: Educational research institute, 2013. – 132 р. – Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/ploteus/sites/eac-eqf/files/Polish%20Referencing%20Report.pdf

National qualifications framework developments in Europe [Text]. – Luxembourg: Publications office of the European Union, 2015. – 94 p. – Available at: http://www.cedefop.europa.eu/files/4137_en.pdf

Find and Compare Qualifications Frameworks [Electronic resource]. – European Commission. – Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/ploteus/en/compare

European Dictionary of Skills and Competences (DISCO II) [Electronic resource]. – DISCO. – Available at: http://disco-tools.eu/

TRAnsporent Competence in Europe (TRACE) [Electronic resource]. – Available at: http://www.eife-l.org/activities/projects/trace

European Skills, Competences, Qualifications and Occupations (ESCO) [Electronic resource]. – European Commission. – Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/esco/portal/home

Lundqvist, K. O. An ontological approach to competency management [Electronic resource] / K. O. Lundqvist, K. D. Baker, S. A. Williams // EIfEL. – Available at: http://www.eife-l.org/publications/proceedings/ilf07/Contribution110.doc.pdf/at_download/file

Gruber, T. R. What is an Ontology? [Electronic resource] / T. R. Gruber // KSL. – Available at: http://www-ksl.stanford.edu/kst/what-is-an-ontology.html

Rogushyna, Ju. V. Ontologichnyj analiz u Web [Text]: monografija / Ju. V. Rogushyna, A. Ja. Gladun, V. V. Osadchyj, S. M. Pryima. – Melitopol: MDPU im. Bogdana Hmel'nyc'kogo, 2015. – 407 p.

Warren, P. Knowledge Management and the Semantic Web: From Scenario to Technology [Text] / P. Warren // IEEE Intelligent Systems. – 2006. – Vol. 21, Issue 1. – P. 53–59. doi: 10.1109/mis.2006.12 

Uschold, M. Ontologies: principles, methods and applications [Text] / M. Uschold, M. Gruninger // The Knowledge Engineering Review. – 1996. – Vol. 11, Issue 02. – Р. 93. doi: 10.1017/s0269888900007797 

Wagner, C. Wiki: A technology for conversational knowledge management and group collaboration [Text] / C. Wagner // Communications of the Association for Information Systems. – 2004. – Vol. 13. – P. 264–289. – Available at: http://aisel.aisnet.org/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3238&context=cais

Spenser, S. Kompetencyy na rabote [Text] / S. Spenser, L. Spenser. – Moscow: HIPPO, 2005. – 384 p.

Rogushina, J. Ontology-based competency analyses in new research domains [Text] / J. Rogushina, A. Gladun // Journal of Computing and Information Technology. – 2012. – Vol. 20, Issue 4. – P. 277. doi: 10.2498/cit.1002034 

Rogushina, J. Use of the Ontological Model for Personification of the Semantic Search [Text] / J. Rogushina // International Journal of Mathematical Sciences and Computing. – 2016. – Vol. 2, Issue 1. – P. 1–15. doi: 10.5815/ijmsc.2016.01.01 



 

Cited-by:

1. Use of semantic technologies for dialogue between labor market subjects
S.M. Pryima, J.V. Rogushina, O.V. Strokan
PROBLEMS IN PROGRAMMING  Issue: 2-3  First page: 226  Year: 2018  
doi: 10.15407/pp2018.02.226

2. ІНФОРМАЦІЙНА СИСТЕМА СЕМАНТИЧНОЇ ІДЕНТИФІКАЦІЇ І ДОКУМЕНТУВАННЯ РЕЗУЛЬТАТІВ НЕФОРМАЛЬНОГО Й ІНФОРМАЛЬНОГО НАВЧАННЯ: МЕТОДИ Й ІНСТРУМЕНТИ РОЗРОБКИ
Сергій Миколайович Прийма, Оксана Вікторівна Строкань, Юлія Віталіївна Рогушина, Анатолій Ясонович Гладун, Андрій Андрійович Мозговенко
Information Technologies and Learning Tools  Vol: 79  Issue: 5  First page: 361  Year: 2020  
doi: 10.33407/itlt.v79i5.3889

3. Use of ontologies for personification of semantic retrieval
J.V. Rogushina
PROBLEMS IN PROGRAMMING  Issue: 3  First page: 52  Year: 2017  
doi: 10.15407/pp2017.03.052





Copyright (c) 2017 Julia Rogushina, Serhii Pryima

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN (print) 1729-3774, ISSN (on-line) 1729-4061