Development of a method for optimizing a product quality inspection plan by the risk of non-conformity slippage




quality inspection planning, non-conformity risk, probability rank, FMEA, quality management


Risk-based approaches are a feature of the modern quality management system. A method of optimization of product quality inspection plan by the risk of non-conformity slippage is proposed. The method is based on a risk ranking matrix, criteria of the failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA), block classification of inspection plans, approaches to non-conformity prediction, and probability multiplication theorem for independent events.

The risk of non-conformity slippage was defined as a criterion of inspection plan optimization. The proposed method allows determining the acceptability of the risk, with 100 % quality inspection, in case of abandoning the inspection operation, the possibility of applying sampling and minimum sampling volumes necessary to ensure an acceptable risk level. Relationships were derived to determine the minimum required number of inspected units out of 1,000, with an acceptable risk level in product quality inspection. The initial data for the calculation are the main characteristics of the inspection plan: the probability of the object conformity with the requirements for the controlled quality characteristic, the probability of not detecting non-conformity with the provided inspection method, the rate of non-conformity slippage, which ensures an acceptable risk level. The formula allows calculating the minimum sampling volume that provides an acceptable level of non-conformity slippage risk during the implementation of the product quality inspection plan (QIP).

The proposed method was tested on the inspection plan for welds of air tanks of the railway car braking system. It is possible to abandon the original 100 % inspection plan and apply sampling, which provides an acceptable level of non-conformity slippage risk. This allows reducing the volume and costs of inspection by 18 %

Author Biographies

Oleh Haievskyi, National Technical University of Ukraine "Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute" Peremohy ave., 37, Kyiv, Ukraine, 03056

PhD, Associate Professor

Department of Welding Production

Viktor Kvasnytskyi, National Technical University of Ukraine "Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute" Peremohy ave., 37, Kyiv, Ukraine, 03056

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor

Department of Welding Production

Volodymyr Haievskyi, National Technical University of Ukraine "Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute" Peremohy ave., 37, Kyiv, Ukraine, 03056


Department of Welding Production


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How to Cite

Haievskyi, O., Kvasnytskyi, V., & Haievskyi, V. (2020). Development of a method for optimizing a product quality inspection plan by the risk of non-conformity slippage. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 6(3 (108), 50–59.



Control processes