The synthesis of control system to synchronize ship generator assemblies




technical operation, synchronization, quality, control system, mathematical modeling


This paper considers the construction of principles and the synthesis of a system of effective control over the processes of synchronization of generator sets (GSs) that form a part of the distributed MP-control systems for complex ship technical systems and complexes (STS and C). The tasks of synchronization have been set, the process and database models have been built, the system configurations have been defined. Based on the use of resultant functions, we have determined stages in solving the tasks of control over the frequency adjustment synchronization in a hierarchical sequence. The performance analysis of the STS and C control elements has been carried out; the use of the integrated optimization criteria and dual management principles has been proposed. Practical techniques to manage the GS synchronization have been given. We have solved the problem of high-speed control over the frequency of synchronized objects based on the principles of adjustment. That has made it possible to determine in advance the moments of GS enabling under the deterministic and stochastic statement of the synchronization task. The results of the experimental study into the GS synchronization processes are given; the effectiveness of the proposed GS control has been proven. The principles underlying the construction of procedures to control the GS composition when using the methods of "rigid" and "flexible" thresholds have made it possible to define the optimization criteria and implement a control law that satisfied the condition for an extremum, which is an indicator of the feasibility of the set goal and takes into consideration the limitations of control influences. We managed to design a system in the class of adaptive control systems by the appropriate decomposition of the system's elements by splitting a synchronization task into the task on performance and the task on control under the required conditions. The given examples of the processes where the synchronization failed while using standard synchronizer control algorithms, as well as processes of successful GS synchronization when applying the proposed synchronizer dual control algorithms, have confirmed the reliability of the main scientific results reported here.

Author Biographies

Vitalii Budashko, National University «Odessa Maritime Academy»

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor

Educational and Scientific Institute of Automation and Electromechanics

Valerii Shevchenko, National University «Odessa Maritime Academy»

PhD, Associate Professor

Training & Certifying Center of Seafarers


  1. Boveri, A., Silvestro, F., Gualeni, P. (2016). Ship electrical load analysis and power generation optimisation to reduce operational costs. 2016 International Conference on Electrical Systems for Aircraft, Railway, Ship Propulsion and Road Vehicles & International Transportation Electrification Conference (ESARS-ITEC). doi:
  2. Shevchenko, V. A. (2018). Optimization of the process of automatic synchronization of ship diesel generators in the deterministic formulation of the problem. Automation of technological and business processes, 10 (4), 43–53. doi:
  3. Pipchenko, A. N., Ponomarenko, V. V., Teplov, Yu. I., Shevchenko, V. A. (2019). Elektrooborudovanie, elektronnaya apparatura i sistemy upravleniya. Odessa: TES, 567.
  4. Carrión, M., Zárate-Miñano, R., Milano, F. (2020). Impact of off-nominal frequency values on the generation scheduling of small-size power systems. International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, 122, 106174. doi:
  5. Ghaedi, A., Golshan, M. E. H. (2021). Modified WLS three-phase state estimation formulation for fault analysis considering measurement and parameter errors. Electric Power Systems Research, 190, 106854. doi:
  6. Xu, F., Yang, W., Li, H. (2020). Computation offloading algorithm for cloud robot based on improved game theory. Computers & Electrical Engineering, 87, 106764. doi:
  7. Heinrich, B., Krause, F., Schiller, A. (2019). Automated planning of process models: The construction of parallel splits and synchronizations. Decision Support Systems, 125, 113096. doi:
  8. Kumar, J., Kumpulainen, L., Kauhaniemi, K. (2019). Technical design aspects of harbour area grid for shore to ship power: State of the art and future solutions. International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, 104, 840–852. doi:
  9. Chen, H. (2020). Simulation Research on Ship Electric Propulsion Speed Regulation System Based on Variable Structure Control and FPGA. Microprocessors and Microsystems, 103588. doi:
  10. Aiello, G., Giallanza, A., Vacante, S., Fasoli, S., Mascarella, G. (2020). Propulsion Monitoring System for Digitized Ship Management: Preliminary Results from a Case Study. Procedia Manufacturing, 42, 16–23. doi:
  11. Attia, A.-F., Sharaf, A. M. (2020). A robust FACTS based fuzzy control scheme for dynamic stabilization of generator station. Ain Shams Engineering Journal, 11 (3), 629–641. doi:
  12. Emam, S. E. A. (2004). Automaic digital synchronization. International Conference on Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering, 2004. ICEEC ’04, 778–784. doi:
  13. Guzzella, L., Onder, C. H. (2010). Introduction to Modeling and Control of Internal Combustion Engine Systems. Springer. doi:
  14. Mi, Y., Xu, Y., Lang, Z., Yang, X., Ge, X., Fu, Y., Jin, C. (2021). The frequency-voltage stability control for isolated wind-diesel hybrid power system. Electric Power Systems Research, 192, 106984. doi:
  15. Myrhorod, V., Hvozdeva, I., Budashko, V. (2020). Multi-parameter Diagnostic Model of the Technical Conditions Changes of Ship Diesel Generator Sets. 2020 IEEE Problems of Automated Electrodrive. Theory and Practice (PAEP). doi:
  16. Sadeghian, Z., Akbari, E., Nematzadeh, H. (2021). A hybrid feature selection method based on information theory and binary butterfly optimization algorithm. Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, 97, 104079. doi:
  17. Shevchenko, V. A. (2018). Ships electrical power plant control system top level algorithm synthesis method and specifics. Visnyk Skhidnoukrainskoho natsionalnoho universytetu imeni Volodymyra Dalia, 6 (247), 165–174.
  18. Boyko, A., Budashko, V., Yushkov, Y., Boyko, N. (2016). Synthesis and research of automatic balancing system of voltage converter fed induction motor currents. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 1 (2 (79)), 22–34. doi:
  19. Budashko, V., Shevchenko, V. (2018). Synthesis of the Management Strategy of the Ship Power Plant for the Combined Propulsion Complex. 2018 IEEE 5th International Conference on Methods and Systems of Navigation and Motion Control (MSNMC). doi:
  20. Budashko, V. (2020). Thrusters Physical Model Formalization With Regard to Situational and Identification Factors of Motion Modes. International Journal of Energy and Environment, 14, 5–8. doi:
  21. Karatas, B. C., Sarkar, M., Jóhannsson, H., Nielsen, A. H., Sørensen, P. E. (2020). Voltage stability assessment accounting for current-limited converters. Electric Power Systems Research, 189, 106772. doi:
  22. Kowalski, J., Krawczyk, B., Woźniak, M. (2017). Fault diagnosis of marine 4-stroke diesel engines using a one-vs-one extreme learning ensemble. Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, 57, 134–141. doi:
  23. Luo, T., Zhang, L., Zhang, C., Ma, J., Xu, Z., Sun, X., Zhao, S. (2018). Role of water as the co-solvent in eco-friendly processing oil extraction: Optimization from experimental data and theoretical approaches. Chemical Engineering Science, 183, 275–287. doi:
  24. Motienko, A. (2020). Integration of information and communication system for public health data collection and intelligent transportation system in large city. Transportation Research Procedia, 50, 466–472. doi:
  25. Nuchturee, C., Li, T., Xia, H. (2020). Energy efficiency of integrated electric propulsion for ships – A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 134, 110145. doi:
  26. Pakshina, N. A., Pravdina, M. V., Koposov, A. S., Pakshin, P. V. (2017). Team Public Testing in Classroom Studies on Automatic Control Theory. IFAC-PapersOnLine, 50 (1), 13468–13473. doi:
  27. Pipchenko, A. D., Shevchenko, V. A. (2018). Vessel heading robust automatic controller for varying conditions. Marine Intellectual Technologies, 4 (4 (42)), 208–214.
  28. Gaysarov, R. V. (2005). Rezhimy raboty elektrooborudovaniya elektricheskih stantsiy i podstantsiy: Chast' 1. Rezhimy raboty sinhronnyh generatorov i kompensatorov. Konspekt lektsiy. Chelyabinsk: Izd-vo YuUrGU, 42.
  29. Dorogan', O. I. (2013). Mikroprotsessornye sredstva upravleniya parallel'noy rabotoy dizel'-generatornyh agregatov. Mater. Vseukr. nauk.-tekhn. konf. z mizhnarodnoiu uchastiu. Mykolaiv, 3–7.
  30. Zaharchenko, V. N., Shevchenko, V. A. (2015). Reshenie zadach upravleniya sudovoy elektroenergeticheskoy ustanovkoy pri izmenenii nagruzki. Sudovye energeticheskie ustanovki, 36, 74–82.
  31. Kutyashova, A. Yu. (2011). Usovershenstvovanie sistem sbora i otobrazheniya informatsii na energoobektah. Sbornik dokl. 3-y vseross. konf. «Rekonstruktsiya energetiki – 2011». Moscow: OOO «Inteheko», 81–85.
  32. Pavlenko, М. А., Rudenko, V. N., Berdnik, P. G., Danyuk, Y. V. (2010). Systems of support of making a decision and task of their ergonometric planning. Military Technical Collection, 3, 3–7. doi:
  33. Pavlov, G. M., Merkur'ev, G. V. (2015). Avtomatika energosistem. NOU "Tsentr podgotovki kadrov energosistem". Sankt-Peterburg. Available at:
  34. Dorohan’, O. I. (2013). Pat. No. 82745 UA. Functional structure of logical-dynamic synchronization process of generator and network. No. u201300569; declareted: 17.01.2013; published: 12.08.2013.
  35. Riabenkyi, V. M., Ushkarenko, O. O., Dorohan, O. I., Babak, V. I. (2013). Pat. No. 82749 UA. Method for conversion of analogue generator signal in logical-dynamic process of synchronization thereof with network. No. u201300575; declareted: 17.01.2013; published: 12.08.2013.
  36. Savenko, O. Ye. (2013). Optimization of the ship's power plant to improve the quality of electricity. Visnyk of Vinnytsia Polytechnical Institute, 6, 74–78.
  37. Savenko, O. Ye. (2011). Theoretical and experimental study of the multigenerating ship power system functioning. Visnyk of Vinnytsia Polytechnical Institute, 3, 58–62.
  38. Tykhonov, I. V., Davydov, V. S., Kucheruk, S. M., Bohomia, V. I. (2013). Osnovy teoriyi pokhybok vymiriuvan. Kyiv, 66.




How to Cite

Budashko, V. ., & Shevchenko, V. (2021). The synthesis of control system to synchronize ship generator assemblies . Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 1(2 (109), 45–63.