Improvement of the methodology for the assessment of soil biogenic pollution through the use of geoecological approaches and the use of information technologies




soil pollution, nutrient balance, drainage area modeling, normalized vegetation index


The study of the components of the balance of biogenic elements in anthropogenic ecosystems has been carried out and the mechanism for calculating the balance of biogenic elements has been determined. The necessity of improving the existing methodology is proved, which consists in preliminary modeling of the catchment area using geoinformation methods. On the example of the mouth of the river, a drainage area was modeled in Oril, during which the boundaries and total catchment area were determined, which is 39.7 thousand hectares. Experimental studies have determined the area of land according to their types of nature use (industrial, residential, forestry and agricultural, etc.). It has been established that only 15% of the investigated lands have agricultural use, however, it is this type of nature management that most contributes to biogenic pollution of this ecosystem. According to the results of calculations, it is determined that up to 10 thousand tons of nitrogen and phosphorus, respectively, are accumulated in the soil due to the excess use of mineral fertilizers. The results obtained indicate the feasibility and practical attractiveness of the proposed approach for calculating the balance of nutrients. Improvements include the application of digital elevation model and normalized vegetation index geodata obtained using ArcGIS Desktop software. It is shown that the technique used will allow obtaining the results of the adjusted volumes of nitrogen and phosphorus accumulation in soils and indicating the sources of their input.

Thus, there are grounds for improving the methodology for calculating the balance of nutrients through the use of information technology. The geoecological approach will intensify the monitoring of nutrients, which will help to regulate the pressure on the ecosystem.

Author Biographies

Iryna Omelych, Dniprovsk State Technical University

Postgraduate Student

Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection

Natalia Neposhyvailenko, Dniprovsk State Technical University

PhD, Associate Professor

Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection

Oleksandr Zberovskyi, Dniprovsk State Technical University

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor

Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection

Iryna Korniienko, National Aviation University

PhD, Associate Professor

Department of Biotechnology


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How to Cite

Omelych, I., Neposhyvailenko, N., Zberovskyi, O., & Korniienko, I. (2021). Improvement of the methodology for the assessment of soil biogenic pollution through the use of geoecological approaches and the use of information technologies. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 3(10(111), 42–53.