The problem of hydraulic calculation of pressure distribution pipelines




pressure distribution pipeline, pressure flow of liquid with variable travel flow


Most production technologies require a uniform flow path of liquid from pressure distribution pipelines. To achieve this goal, it is proposed to introduce polymer additives into the liquid flow or to use converging distribution pipelines with a continuous longitudinal slot in the wall. To reduce the uneven operation of the distribution pipeline during discrete liquid dispensing, it is proposed to use cylindrical output rotary nozzles with a lateral orthogonal entry of the jet into the nozzle. The problem is the lack of methods for accurate hydraulic calculation of the operation of distribution pipelines. Adequate calculation methods are based on differential equations.

Finding the exact solution of the differential equation of fluid motion with variable path flow rate for perforated distribution pipelines is urgent, because it still does not exist. The available calculation methods take into account only the right angles of separation of the jets from the flow in the distribution pipeline. These methods are based on the assumption that the coefficient of hydraulic friction and the coefficient of resistance of the outlets are constant along the flow. A calculation method is proposed that takes into account the change in the values of these resistance coefficients along the distribution pipeline. The kinematic and physical characteristics of the flow outside the distribution pipeline are also taken into account. The accuracy of calculating the value of the flow rate of water distributed from the distribution pipeline has been experimentally verified. The error in calculating the water consumption by the method assuming that the values of the resistance coefficients are unchanged along the distribution pipeline reaches 18.75 %. According to the proposed calculation method, this error does not exceed 6.25 %. However, both methods are suitable for the design of pressure distribution pipelines, provided that the jet separation angles are straight.

Taking into account the change from 90° to 360° of the angle of separation of the jets from the flow in the distribution pipeline will expand the scope and accuracy of calculation methods.

Author Biographies

Volodymyr Cherniuk, The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor

Department of Environmental Engineering

Institute of Environmental Engineering

Roman Hnativ, Lviv Polytechnic National University

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor

Department of Hydraulic and Water Engineering

Oleksandr Kravchuk, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture

PhD, Associate Professor

Department of Water Supply and Drainage

Vadym Orel, Lviv Polytechnic National University

PhD, Associate Professor

Department of Hydraulic and Water Engineering

Iryna Bihun, Lviv Polytechnic National University

Postgraduate Student

Department of Heat and Gas Supply and Ventilation

Matvii Cherniuk, Lviv Polytechnic National University

Department of Electronic Devices

Institute of Telecommunications, Radioelectronics and Electronic Engineering


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How to Cite

Cherniuk, V., Hnativ, R., Kravchuk, O., Orel, V., Bihun, I., & Cherniuk, M. (2021). The problem of hydraulic calculation of pressure distribution pipelines . Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 6(7 (114), 93–103.



Applied mechanics