Improvement of cleaning parameters of pipeline elements based on simulation of movement of solid magnetite particles in electrically conductive liquid
Keywords:conductive liquid, magnetic field, purification of liquids, numerical calculation, local resistances
The unique properties of liquids that can interact with electric and magnetic fields are used in mechanical engineering, technology and medicine. The possibility of the influence of the magnetic field on the solid particles of the liquid in the pipeline allows cleaning of the solid walls of the pipeline, which is the object of the study. Magnetic liquids are solutions of ferromagnets in a liquid, and their physical properties in a magnetic field cause structural transformations in such liquids.
The treatment of electrically conductive liquids in a magnetic field and their use for cleaning water from oil or oil residues are considered. On the basis of numerical modeling, the movement of solid particles of magnetite, which is part of an electrically conductive liquid, was investigated by jointly solving the equations of Reynolds, Maxwell, non-discontinuity and the turbulence model. The physical phenomena of the movement of solid particles of magnetite-based conductive liquid in various elements of the pipeline were determined, which improved the parameters of cleaning liquids contaminated with oil and oil. The magnetic particles of the electrically conductive liquid quite nicely fill the boundaries of the intersection if there is a flow reversal, as it happens in radiators. An increase in the intensity of the magnetic field leads to a change in the velocity profile of the conductive liquid, which prevents magnetite particles from penetrating close to the wall. An increase in the power of the magnetic field makes it possible to detach the contamination from the walls of the pipeline together with the solid particle of magnetite. A 73 % increase in wear in certain sections of the pipeline is due to the effect of the centrifugal force acting on the particle during rotation.
The sudden expansion of the flow makes it difficult for particles to reach the pipe surfaces, which worsens the cleaning conditions. The number of particles on the surface is 82 % less compared to the absence of sudden expansion
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Copyright (c) 2023 Andrii Rogovyi, Nataliia Chernetska-Biletska, Mariia Miroshnykova, Ihor Baranov, Yevhen Polupan
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