DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2017.112356

Research of effectiveness of unimodal and multimodal transportation involving land kinds of transport

Alexander Rossolov, Denis Kopytkov, Yevhen Kush, Viktoriia Zadorozhna

Abstract


Modeling of a delivery system, which renders services of international material supply, usually is performed from the positions of the deterministic approach. This allows us to determine clearly the scope of effective use of transport technologies, which in practice can give a negative result. In connection with this, the probabilistic-statistical approach to simulation of cargo delivery time at unimodal and multimodal transportation was proposed in this research. To account for all possible conditions of delivery, factor space was constructed based on the route Ukraine – Italy and a plan for an extreme experiment was developed. Replication of experiments within each series was performed through simulation of such random processes as vehicles’ arrival at the border checkpoint, changes in technical motion speed of a vehicle and time of transportation request placement. As a result, regression models of estimation of cargo delivery time on delivery condition "just in time". They represent additive functions by the following parameters: downtime at a border checkpoint, delivery distance (for unimodal transportation), and supply distance, dispatch distance and section speed of a train (for multimodal transportation). They served as the basis for determining of effectiveness of application of unimodal and multimodal services on example of route Ukraine – Italy. It was found that when performing delivery by the unimodal option, rolling stock turnover on the route increases up to 47 per cent. In this case, if the pessimistic scenario of the supply system functioning is taken into consideration, efficiency of application of the multimodal transportation option approaches that of the unimodal. While taking into account hour indicators of the delivery process, expediency of application of the unimodal transportation option, based on heavy motor trains, becomes apparent. This refutes common opinions about economically reasonable expediency of application of motor transport as the main transport at the distance of up to 500 kilometers

Keywords


unimodal transportation; multimodal transportation; delivery time; stochastic process; extreme experiment

References


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GOST Style Citations


Naumov, V. Model of the Delivery Routes Forming Process as a Service Provided by Forwarding Companies [Text] / V. Naumov, T. Omelchenko // Procedia Engineering. – 2017. – Vol. 187. – P. 167–172. doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2017.04.362 

García, J. Solving Multi-modal and Uni-modal Transportation Problems through TIMIPlan [Text] / J. García, álvaro Torralba, ángel García-Olaya, J. E. Flórez, D. Borrajo // IFAC Proceedings Volumes. – 2012. – Vol. 45, Issue 24. – P. 203–208. doi: 10.3182/20120912-3-bg-2031.00041 

Hlayel, A. A. Solving Transportation Problems Using the Best Candidates Method [Text] / A. A. Hlayel // Computer Science & Engineering: An International Journal. – 2012. – Vol. 2, Issue 5. – P. 23–30. doi: 10.5121/cseij.2012.2503 

Bondarev, S. I. Perfection of timing methodology of loads delivery at international autotransportations [Text] / S. I. Bondarev // Technology audit and production reserves. – 2012. – Vol. 5, Issue 1 (7). – P. 49–50. doi: 10.15587/2312-8372.2012.4809 

Bhusiri, N. Application of the Just-In-Time Concept in Urban Freight Transport [Text] / N. Bhusiri, A. G. Qureshi, E. Taniguchi // Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences. – 2014. – Vol. 125. – P. 171–185. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.1465 

Hsu, S. C. A Preliminary Study of Just-in-Time Methods for a Seamless Public Transportation Information Framework [Text] / S. C. Hsu // Intelligent Information Management. – 2012. – Vol. 04, Issue 01. – P. 1–5. doi: 10.4236/iim.2012.41001 

Lukinskiy, V. S. Modelirovanie vremennyh sostavlyayushchih avtomobil'nyh perevozok pri realizatsii tekhnologii «tochno v srok» [Text] / V. S. Lukinskiy // Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya. – 2012. – Issue 3.

Bosov, A. Formation of separate optimization models for the analysis of transportation-logistics systems [Text] / A. Bosov, N. Khalipova // Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies. – 2017. – Vol. 3, Issue 3 (87). – P. 11–20. doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2017.103220 

Naumov, V. Model of multimodal transport node functioning [Text] / V. Naumov, I. Nagornyi, Y. Litvinova // Archives of Transport. – 2015. – Vol. 36, Issue 4. – P. 43–54. doi: 10.5604/08669546.1185202 

Pavlenko, O. The choice of rational technology of delivery of grain cargoes in the containers in the international traffic [Text] / O. Pavlenko, D. Velykodnyi // International Journal for Traffic and Transport Engineering. – 2017. – Vol. 7, Issue 2. – P. 164–176. doi: 10.7708/ijtte.2017.7(2).02 

Florez, J. E. Planning multi-modal transportation problems [Text] / J. E. Florez, A. T. Arias de Reyna, J. Garcıa, C. L. Lopez, A. Garcıa-Olaya, D. Borrajo // Proceedings of the twenty-first international conference on automated planning and scheduling. – 2011. – Р. 66–73.

Patel, R. G. The new global approach to a transportation problem [Text] / R. G. Patel, P. H. Bhathawala // International journal of engineering technology. – 2014. – Vol. 2, Issue 3. – P. 109–113.

Lukinskiy, V. S. Modeli i metody intermodal'noy transportnoy logistiki: sovremennoe sostoyanie i perspektivy razvitiya [Text] / V. S. Lukinskiy, T. G. Shul'zhenko, K. A. Sokolov // Imitatsionnoe i kompleksnoe modelirovanie morskoy tekhniki i morskih transportnyh sistem: Sbornik dokladov mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii IKM MTMTS 2011. – 2011. – P. 77–82.

Kush, Ye. I. Formuvannia tsilovoi funktsyi optymizatsyi vytrat lohistychnoho protsesu [Text] / Ye. I. Kush, V. S. Skrypin // Zbirnyk naukovykh prats ukrainskoi derzhavnoi akademii zaliznychnoho transportu. – 2016. – Issue 165. – P. 49–59.

Min'ko, A. A. Statisticheskiy analiz v MS Excel [Text] / A. A. Min'ko. – Kyiv: Dialektika, 2004. – 448 p.

Mitropol'skiy, A. K. Tekhnika statisticheskih vychisleniy [Text] / A. K. Mitropol'skiy. – Moscow: Nauka, 1971. – 578 p.

Galushko, V. G. Veroyatnostno-statisticheskie metody na avtotransporte [Text] / V. G. Galushko. – Kyiv: Vishcha shkola, 1976. – 232 p.

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Sposób ustalania szacunkowego czasu oczekiwania [Electronic resource]. – Available at: http://www.granica.gov.pl

Nalimov, V. V. Teoriya eksperimenta [Text] / V. V. Nalimov. – Moscow: Nauka, 1971. – 208 p.



 

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Copyright (c) 2017 Alexander Rossolov, Denis Kopytkov, Yevhen Kush, Viktoriia Zadorozhna

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ISSN (print) 1729-3774, ISSN (on-line) 1729-4061