DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2018.143804

Development of procedure for assessing the degree of enviromental hazard from the sources of aquatic environment pollution

Nataliya Magas, Ganna Trokhymenko, Volodymyr Blahodatnyi

Abstract


The new procedure for evaluation of the degree of environmental safety of water sites based on the comparison of the influence of separate point sources of sewage discharge was developed. The use of this procedure will make it possible to solve the problem of identifying ecologically dangerous sites and to determine priority directions of aquatic sites protection in the region. The essence of this procedure is to assess the environmental hazard of specific facilities of the national economy taking into account the safety level, the degree of influence on the water quality of an aquatic site, effectiveness of monitoring and the magnitude of anthropogenic load.

The logical-mathematical model of evaluating the impact of sources of water environment pollution, based on determining the coefficients of conditions of sewage discharge, sewage pollution and the load on an aquatic site, was proposed. The degree of environmental hazard of the sources of pollution of aquatic sites was determined by the value of coefficient of harmful influence of a pollution source on aquatic sites by the five-level scale from "safe" to "extremely hazardous". The designed scale corresponds to the environmental classification of the Water Framework Directive of the EU 2000/60/EU.

Testing of the developed procedure was performed on an example of the section of a river basin that is typical for territorial production complexes, where the facilities of nuclear power industry, industrial manufacturing and public utilities are located. Based on determining block and total coefficient of harmful influence of the sources of pollution of aquatic sites, we developed the map of ecological hazard of the sources of the river basin pollution. The sources of pollution of aquatic sites were classified by the designed scale. It was established that large enterprises of housing and communal services and the facilities of machine-building industry have the greatest degree of environmental hazard. These facilities belong to class II and are described as "hazardous’. Enterprises of atomic power and hydropower plants belong to class III of hazard − "moderately hazardous".

Results of the analysis can be used to develop water resources management strategies and measures to reduce the impact of pollution sources on aquatic sites

Keywords


environmental safety; pollution source; harmful influence; load on aquatic site

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References


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Von der Ohe, P. C., Dulio, V., Slobodnik, J., De Deckere, E., Kühne, R., Ebert, R.-U. et. al. (2011). A new risk assessment approach for the prioritization of 500 classical and emerging organic microcontaminants as potential river basin specific pollutants under the European Water Framework Directive. Science of The Total Environment, 409 (11), 2064–2077. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.01.054

Slobodnik, J., Mrafkova, L., Carere, M., Ferrara, F., Pennelli, B., Schüürmann, G., von der Ohe, P. C. (2012). Identification of river basin specific pollutants and derivation of environmental quality standards: A case study in the Slovak Republic. TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 41, 133–145. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2012.08.008

Daginnus, K., Gottardo, S., Payá-Pérez, A., Whitehouse, P., Wilkinson, H., Zaldívar, J.-M. (2011). A Model-Based Prioritisation Exercise for the European Water Framework Directive. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 8 (2), 435–455. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph8020435

Snizhko, S. I. (2001). Otsinka ta prohnozuvannia yakosti pryrodnykh vod. Kyiv: Nika-Tsentr, 264.

Ekolohichna otsinka yakosti poverkhnevykh vod sushi ta estuariyv Ukrainy (1994). KND 211.1.4.010-94. Kyiv, 37.

Metodyka ekolohichnoi otsinky yakosti poverkhnevykh vod za vidpovidnymy katehoriyamy (2012). Kharkiv, 37.

Metodyka rozrakhunku antropohennoho navantazhennia i klasyfikatsiyi ekolohichnoho stanu baseiniv malykh richok Ukrainy (2007). Kyiv: Polimed, 71.


GOST Style Citations


Magas N., Gomelya M. Assessment of the current state of water quality in the tributaries of the Southern Bug river // Scientific Letters of Academic Society of Michal Baludansky. 2018. Vol. 6, Issue 2A. P. 122–129.

Mahas N. I., Trokhymenko H. H. Otsinka suchasnoho antropohennoho navantazhennia na basein richky Pivdennyi Buh // Ekolohichna bezpeka. 2013. Issue 2. P. 48–52.

Klymenko M. O., Hrokhovska Yu. R. Otsinka ekolohichnoho stanu vodnykh ekosystem richok baseinu Prypiati za vyshchymy vodnymy roslynamy. Rivne, 2005. 194 p.

Udod V. M., Trofimovych V. V., Yatsiv M. Yu. Ekolohichni kryteriyi otsinky yakosti vody hidroekosystem na prykladi vodozbirnoho baseinu r. Prut // Ekolohichna bezpeka ta pryrodokorystuvannia. 2010. Issue 1. P. 84–93.

Klimenko N. A., Liho E. A. Ekologicheskoe sostoyanie rek Poles'ya Ukrainy // Aktual'nye ekologicheskie problemy Respubliki Tatarstan. 2003. P. 153–154.

Likho O. A., Bondarchuk I. A. Udoskonalennia metodyky otsinky ekolohichnoho stanu baseiniv malykh richok // Zbirnyk materialiv II Vseukrainskoho zizdu ekolohiv z mizhnarodnoiu uchastiu. Vinnytsia, 2010. URL: http://eco.com.ua/sites/eco.com.ua/files/lib1/konf/2vze/zb_m/0035_zb_m_2VZE.pdf

Rybalova O., Artemiev S. Development of a procedure for assessing the environmental risk of the surface water status deterioration // Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies. 2017. Vol. 5, Issue 10 (89). P. 67–76. doi: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2017.112211 

Development of methods for estimating the environmental risk of degradation of the surface water state / Rybalova O., Artemiev S., Sarapina M., Tsymbal B., Bakharevа A., Shestopalov O., Filenko O. // Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies. 2018. Vol. 2, Issue 10 (92). P. 4–17. doi: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2018.127829 

Vasenko A., Rybalova O., Kozlovskaya O. A study of significant factors affecting the quality of water in the Oskil River (Ukraine) // Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies 2016. Vol. 3, Issue 10 (81). P. 48–55. doi: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2016.72415 

Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy // Official Journal of the European Communities. L. 327. 2000. 72 p.

Water Resource Management in Germany. Part 1. Fundamentals. Berlin, 2014. 150 p. URL: https://www.umweltbundesamt.de/sites/default/files/medien/378/publikationen/wawi_teil_01_englisch_barrierefrei.pdf

Water Resource Management in Germany. Part 2. Water Quality. Berlin, 2014. 114 p. URL: https://www.umweltbundesamt.de/sites/default/files/medien/378/publikationen/wawi_teil_02_englisch_barrierefrei.pdf

Arle J., Mohaupt V., Kirst I. Monitoring of Surface Waters in Germany under the Water Framework Directive – A Review of Approaches, Methods and Results // Water. 2016. Vol. 8, Issue 6. P. 217. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/w8060217 

Monitoring and Assessment of Youshui River Water Quality in Youyang / Wang X., Wen J., Chen P., Liu N. // IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 2018. Vol. 113. P. 012069. doi: https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/113/1/012069 

Water quality assessment based on the water quality index method in Lake Poyang: The largest freshwater lake in China / Wu Z., Zhang D., Cai Y., Wang X., Zhang L., Chen Y. // Scientific Reports. 2017. Vol. 7, Issue 1. doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-18285-y 

Szczerbiñska N., Gałczyñska M. Biological methods used to assess surface water quality // Archives of Polish Fisheries. 2015. Vol. 23, Issue 4. P. 185–196. doi: https://doi.org/10.1515/aopf-2015-0021 

Integrated assessment of chemical quality and genotoxicity of the water of the Luiz Rau Stream in the lower stretch of the Sinos River Basin, in South Brazil / Petry C. T., Costa G. M. da, Benvenuti T., Rodrigues M. A. S., Droste A. // Ambiente e Agua – An Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Science. 2016. Vol. 11, Issue 4. P. 878–890. doi: https://doi.org/10.4136/ambi-agua.1779 

Florencio Ballesteros M. A. P. A New Approach to Evaluate the Ecological Status of a River by Visual Assessment // Journal of Waste Water Treatment & Analysis. 2015. Vol. 06, Issue 01. doi: https://doi.org/10.4172/2157-7587.1000185 

A new risk assessment approach for the prioritization of 500 classical and emerging organic microcontaminants as potential river basin specific pollutants under the European Water Framework Directive / Von der Ohe P. C., Dulio V., Slobodnik J., De Deckere E., Kühne R., Ebert R.-U. et. al. // Science of The Total Environment. 2011. Vol. 409, Issue 11. P. 2064–2077. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.01.054 

Identification of river basin specific pollutants and derivation of environmental quality standards: A case study in the Slovak Republic / Slobodnik J., Mrafkova L., Carere M., Ferrara F., Pennelli B., Schüürmann G., von der Ohe P. C. // TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry. 2012. Vol. 41. P. 133–145. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2012.08.008 

A Model-Based Prioritisation Exercise for the European Water Framework Directive / Daginnus K., Gottardo S., Payá-Pérez A., Whitehouse P., Wilkinson H., Zaldívar J.-M. // International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2011. Vol. 8, Issue 2. P. 435–455. doi:  https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph8020435 

Snizhko S. I. Otsinka ta prohnozuvannia yakosti pryrodnykh vod. Kyiv: Nika-Tsentr, 2001. 264 p.

Ekolohichna otsinka yakosti poverkhnevykh vod sushi ta estuariyv Ukrainy. KND 211.1.4.010-94. Kyiv, 1994. 37 p.

Metodyka ekolohichnoi otsinky yakosti poverkhnevykh vod za vidpovidnymy katehoriyamy. Kharkiv, 2012. 37 p.

Metodyka rozrakhunku antropohennoho navantazhennia i klasyfikatsiyi ekolohichnoho stanu baseiniv malykh richok Ukrainy. vyd. 2-he, pererob. i dop. Kyiv: Polimed, 2007. 71 p.







Copyright (c) 2018 Nataliya Magas, Ganna Trokhymenko, Volodymyr Blahodatnyi

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ISSN (print) 1729-3774, ISSN (on-line) 1729-4061