DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2019.163082

Development of methodical provisions regarding the substantiation of the combat structure of forces for activities in the airspace

Oleksii Zahorka, Pavlo Shchipanskyi, Anatolii Pavlikovskyi, Oleksandr Oksiiuk, Vira Vialkova

Abstract


The determining factor for success during modern warfare is the struggle for supremacy in the air. The main task for a defending side is to prevent the enemy's superiority in the air. Various means of destruction are used for this purpose. A criterion to avoid enemy's superiority in the air is considered to be the assigned balance of aviation by parties, which is determined by their fighting capabilities. To substantiate the required fighting strength for activities in the airspace, this article proposes appropriate methodological provisions. In this case, the combination of various means that are used when fighting for superiority in the air is treated as a system aimed at destroying troops and enemy targets.

Four tasks have been solved in the study.

When addressing the first task, we decomposed the system into components, the scientific result being a morphological pattern of the system. That made it possible to determine the joint effect from the activities of the system's components at inflicting losses to combat capabilities of the warring parties.

The second task of the study addressed the development of a methodological approach to the substantiation of combat forces to fight in the airspace, which is based on calculating the saved combat capabilities in the components of the warring parties. We have constructed a structural scheme for the technique of substantiation the required combat forces to prevent superiority or strengthening the enemy's advantages in the airspace. The force required is determined based on the criterion of the ratio of aviation forces by parties to ending fighting operations using an iteration method.

The result of solving the third task is the derived mathematical expressions for calculating the saved combat capabilities of parties' components to end the hostilities, which form the basis of the devised procedure.

While addressing the fourth task, we considered the sequence of application of the devised procedure using an example of determining the structure of strike aircraft to prevent enemy's superiority in the air.

The devised methodological positions could prove useful when developing appropriate mathematical software to be used by military administrative bodies

Keywords


effectives; balance of power; systems analysis; air supremacy

References


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Zahorka, O. M., Perepelytsia, V. A., Zaplishna, A. I. (2008). Metodychni pidkhody do vyznachennia boiovykh potentsialiv i koefitsientiv porivniannia zrazkiv ozbroiennia ta viyskovoi tekhniky. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats TsNDI OVT Zbroinykh Syl Ukrainy, 19, 32–43.

Onischenko, S. І., Zagorka, O. M., Koval, V. V., Tyurin, V. V. (2011). Prognostication of troops and objects losses from the aviation shots of opponent. Systemy ozbroiennia i viyskova tekhnika, 2, 2–8.

Onischenko, S. І., Zagorka, O. M., Koval, V. V., Tyurin, V. V. (2011). Prognostication of correlation of forces and facilities of counteractive sides is during an air operation. Systemy ozbroiennia i viyskova tekhnika, 1, 2–7.

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Drozdov, S., Leontyev, О. (2017). The methodology of setting and solving the inverse problem of optimization of the combat (quantitative and qualitative) structure of tactical aviation and the anti-aircraft missile forces of perspective air forces. Nauka i tekhnika Povitrianykh Syl Zbroinykh Syl Ukrainy, 2 (27), 7–14.

Laneckij, B. N., Lukyanchuk, V. V., Vasilyev, V. A., Koval, I. V. (2012). Development of research on methodological preliminary rationale required quantitative and qualitative composition of the anti-aircraft missile armed group antiaircraft missile troops. Nauka i tekhnika Povitrianykh Syl Zbroinykh Syl Ukrainy, 3 (9), 58–60.

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Jiang, J., Li, X., Zhou, Z., Xu, D., Chen, Y. (2011). Weapon System Capability Assessment under uncertainty based on the evidential reasoning approach. Expert Systems with Applications, 38 (11), 13773–13784. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2011.04.179

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Nikolaev, V. I., Bruk, V. M. (1985). Sistemotekhnika: metody i prilozheniya. Leningrad: Mashinostroenie, 199.

Zahorka, O. M., Mosov, S. P., Sbitniev, A. I., Stuzhuk, P. I. (2005). Elementy doslidzhennia skladnykh system viyskovoho pryznachennia. Kyiv: NAOU, 100.

Baskakov, A. Ya., Tulenkov, N. V. (2002). Metodologiya nauchnogo issledovaniya. Kyiv: MAUP, 216.

Petuhov, S. I., Stepanov, A. N. (1976). Effektivnost' raketnyh sredstv PVO. Moscow: Voenizdat, 104.

Ventcel', E. S. (1972). Issledovanie operaciy. Moscow: “Sovetskoe radio”, 552.

Horodnov, V. P., Drobakha, H. A., Yermoshyn, M. O., Smirnov, Ye. B., Tkachenko, V. I. (2004). Modeliuvannia boiovykh diy viysk (syl) protypovitrianoi oborony ta informatsiyne zabezpechennia protsesiv upravlinnia nymy (teoriya, praktyka, istoriya rozvytku). Kharkiv: KhVU, 410.

Rudnenko, A. V. (1999). O kriteriyah dostizheniya celey vozdushnyh operaciy i operaciy ob'edineniy VVS. Voennaya mysl', 2, 46–52.

Zagorka, А. N., Koval, V. V., Zharik, О. M. (2013). To the question of ground of indexes and criteria of efficiency of air defensive. Nauka i tekhnika Povitrianykh Syl Zbroinykh Syl Ukrainy, 2 (11), 35–40.


GOST Style Citations


Tomashev V. N. O sovershenstvovanii metodov ocenki boevyh vozmozhnostey voysk // Nauka i voennaya bezopasnost'. 2006. Issue 2. P. 18–22.

Zahorka O. M., Perepelytsia V. A., Zaplishna A. I. Metodychni pidkhody do vyznachennia boiovykh potentsialiv i koefitsientiv porivniannia zrazkiv ozbroiennia ta viyskovoi tekhniky // Zbirnyk naukovykh prats TsNDI OVT Zbroinykh Syl Ukrainy. 2008. Issue 19. P. 32–43.

Prognostication of troops and objects losses from the aviation shots of opponent / Onischenko S. І., Zagorka O. M., Koval V. V., Tyurin V. V. // Systemy ozbroiennia i viyskova tekhnika. 2011. Issue 2. P. 2–8.

Prognostication of correlation of forces and facilities of counteractive sides is during an air operation / Onischenko S. І., Zagorka O. M., Koval V. V., Tyurin V. V. // Systemy ozbroiennia i viyskova tekhnika. 2011. Issue 1. P. 2–7.

Onyshchenko S. I., Zahorka O. M., Koval V. V. Do pytannia rozpodilennia syl ta vyznachennia poslidovnosti zavdannia raketno-aviatsiynykh udariv u povitrianiy operatsiyi // Nauka i oborona. 2012. Issue 1. P. 39–44.

Mozharovski V. M., Hodz’ S. V. Methodical aspects of the substantiation of a staff of the armed forces of а state from the standpoint of prevented damage theory // Kybernetyka i systemnyi analiz. 2018. Vol. 54, Issue 1. P. 154–167.

Sofranov S. P., Shishkin V. S. To the question of quantitative-qualite relation determination of aviations groupment forces // Nauka i tekhnika Povitrianykh Syl Zbroinykh Syl Ukrainy. 2011. Issue 2 (6). P. 10–11.

Bonin A. S. Substantiation technique composition of aviation grouping on a strategic direction, in operations of an initial stage of war // Vestnik Akademii voennyh nauk. 2014. Issue 3 (48). P. 39–42.

Drozdov S., Leontyev О. The methodology of setting and solving the inverse problem of optimization of the combat (quantitative and qualitative) structure of tactical aviation  and the anti-aircraft missile forces of perspective air forces // Nauka i tekhnika Povitrianykh Syl Zbroinykh Syl Ukrainy. 2017. Issue 2 (27). P. 7–14.

Development of research on methodological preliminary rationale required quantitative and qualitative composition of the anti-aircraft missile armed group antiaircraft missile troops / Laneckij B. N., Lukyanchuk V. V., Vasilyev V. A., Koval I. V. // Nauka i tekhnika Povitrianykh Syl Zbroinykh Syl Ukrainy. 2012. Issue 3 (9). P. 58–60.

Faber P. Competing Theories of Airpower: a Language for Analysis. URL: http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/au/faber.htm

Grunwald Jr. M. Transforming Air Force ISR for the long war and beyond. 2009. URL: https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a495105.pdf

Speed J., Panagiotis S. SEAD Operations of the Future. The Necessity of Jointness // The Journal of the JAPCC. 2018. URL: https://www.japcc.org/sead-operations-of-the-future/

Liu Y., A. Simaan M., B. Cruz Jr J. An application of dynamic Nash task assignment strategies to multi-team military air operations // Automatica. 2003. Vol. 39, Issue 8. P. 1469–1478. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0005-1098(03)00122-5 

Ryan A. J. Military Applications of Complex Systems // Philosophy of Complex Systems. 2011. P. 723–780. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-444-52076-0.50024-9 

Weapon System Capability Assessment under uncertainty based on the evidential reasoning approach / Jiang J., Li X., Zhou Z., Xu D., Chen Y. // Expert Systems with Applications. 2011. Vol. 38, Issue 11. P. 13773–13784. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2011.04.179 

Barszcz P., Zieja M. Method of Choosing the Information Technology System Supporting Management of the Military Aircraft Operation // Research Works of Air Force Institute of Technology. 2014. Vol. 35, Issue 1. P. 141–154. doi: https://doi.org/10.1515/afit-2015-0010 

Nikolaev V. I., Bruk V. M. Sistemotekhnika: metody i prilozheniya. Leningrad: Mashinostroenie, 1985. 199 p.

Elementy doslidzhennia skladnykh system viyskovoho pryznachennia / Zahorka O. M., Mosov S. P., Sbitniev A. I., Stuzhuk P. I. Kyiv: NAOU, 2005. 100 p.

Baskakov A. Ya., Tulenkov N. V. Metodologiya nauchnogo issledovaniya: ucheb. pos. Kyiv: MAUP, 2002. 216 p.

Petuhov S. I., Stepanov A. N. Effektivnost' raketnyh sredstv PVO. Moscow: Voenizdat, 1976. 104 p.

Ventcel' E. S. Issledovanie operaciy. Moscow: “Sovetskoe radio”, 1972. 552 p.

Modeliuvannia boiovykh diy viysk (syl) protypovitrianoi oborony ta informatsiyne zabezpechennia protsesiv upravlinnia nymy (teoriya, praktyka, istoriya rozvytku): monohrafiya / Horodnov V. P., Drobakha H. A., Yermoshyn M. O., Smirnov Ye. B., Tkachenko V. I. Kharkiv: KhVU, 2004. 410 p.

Rudnenko A. V. O kriteriyah dostizheniya celey vozdushnyh operaciy i operaciy ob'edineniy VVS // Voennaya mysl'. 1999. Issue 2. P. 46–52.

Zagorka А. N., Koval V. V., Zharik О. M. To the question of ground of indexes and criteria of efficiency of air defensive // Nauka i tekhnika Povitrianykh Syl Zbroinykh Syl Ukrainy. 2013. Issue 2 (11). P. 35–40.







Copyright (c) 2019 Oleksii Zahorka, Pavlo Shchipanskyi, Anatolii Pavlikovskyi, Oleksandr Oksiiuk, Vira Vialkova

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ISSN (print) 1729-3774, ISSN (on-line) 1729-4061