Determination of mathematical model of transport mobility of population
Keywords:transport, population, mobility, factor, car ownership, density, network
A series of recent studies shows that changes in social, economic and environmental indicators and urban passenger transportation parameters lead to a distribution of passenger flows, both between urban public transports and separate routes.
Previously, it was believed that the transport mobility depends mainly on the number of urban population and the level of car ownership, but today there are more factors. Therefore, specialists focused their attention on studying the effect of urban population age and sex, trip purpose, income levels, the city or suburb, trip time etc. on the transport mobility.
The paper considers the impact of transport, city planning, social and economic factors on the transport mobility. It allows confirming that the overall population mobility is the proportion of the urban population number, car ownership level, of transport and route network density.
As a result of the research, it was found that the effect of such factors as the number of urban population, level of car ownership, transport network density on the urban population mobility is directly proportional and the effect of route network density is inversely proportional. In particular, an increase of car ownership leads to an increase of driving the individual transport, which reduces passenger flows, number of routes and route network density respectively
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