Construction of a method for detecting arbitrary hazard pollutants in the atmospheric air based on the structural function of the current pollutant concentrations

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2020.218714

Keywords:

air pollution, structural function, detection of hazardous pollution, pollution inhomogeneity scale

Abstract

This paper reports the construction of a method for calculating the structural function within a moving window of the fixed size, based on measuring the vector of current concentrations of arbitrary air pollutants. The use of a moving window makes it possible to reveal the current moments of the emergence of inhomogeneities in the polluted atmosphere. In this case, the time shift of the structural function reveals the corresponding time scale of this heterogeneity. It has been shown that, in contrast to the known method, the proposed method makes it possible to reveal the dynamics of the levels and scales of local inhomogeneities of the polluted air using only the current measurements of concentration for an arbitrary number of pollutants. It is noted that the method does not use information about the current meteorological conditions of the atmosphere and the features of urban infrastructure near a pollution control point. Therefore, the method is universal; it could be applied to arbitrary control points of atmospheric pollution across various territories of states. The efficiency of the proposed method was tested using the example of actual measurements of the concentrations of urban air pollutants involving formaldehyde, ammonia, and nitrogen dioxide. The reported results generally indicate the applicability of the proposed method. It has been experimentally established that the method makes it possible to identify, in real time, the areas of local inhomogeneities characteristic of hazardous air pollution associated with the absence of dispersion and accumulation of pollutants in the air. In addition, the method makes it possible to detect in real time both the levels and the scale of inhomogeneities in the polluted atmosphere. It has been experimentally established that before the occurrence of the tested reliable emergency in a polluted atmosphere, the level of local heterogeneity was 0.015 units at its time scale corresponding to 8 counts. Next, by the time of the emergency, the level of heterogeneity decreased to 0.0025 units at the time scale corresponding to 2 counts. It has been experimentally established that for this case the forecast time of the occurrence of an emergency was 4 counts or 24 hours

Author Biographies

Volodymyr Sadkovyi, National University of Civil Defence of Ukraine Chernyshevska str., 94, Kharkiv, Ukraine, 61023

Doctor of Public Administration Sciences, Professor, Rector

Boris Pospelov, Scientific-Methodical Center of Educational Institutions in the Sphere of Civil Defence Chernyshevska str., 94, Kharkiv, Ukraine, 61023

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor

Department of Organization and Coordination of Research Activities

Vladimir Andronov, National University of Civil Defence of Ukraine Chernyshevska str., 94, Kharkiv, Ukraine, 61023

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor

Research Center

Evgenіy Rybka, National University of Civil Defence of Ukraine Chernyshevska str., 94, Kharkiv, Ukraine, 61023

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Senior Researcher

Research Center

Olekcii Krainiukov, V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University Svobody sq., 4, Kharkiv, Ukraine, 61022

Doctor of Geographical Sciences, Associate Professor

Department of Environmental Safety and Environmental Education

Anatoliy Rud, State Agrarian and Engineering University in Podilia Shevchenka str., 13, Kamianets-Podilsky, Ukraine, 32300

PhD, Professor

Department of Agroengineering and System Technology

Kostiantyn Karpets, V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University Svobody sq., 4, Kharkiv, Ukraine, 61022

PhD, Associate Professor

Department of Ecology and Neoecology

Yuliia Bezuhla, National University of Civil Defence of Ukraine Chernyshevska str., 94, Kharkiv, Ukraine, 61023

PhD, Associate Professor

Department of Prevention Activities and Monitoring

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Published

2020-12-31

How to Cite

Sadkovyi, V., Pospelov, B., Andronov, V., Rybka, E., Krainiukov, O., Rud, A., Karpets, K., & Bezuhla, Y. (2020). Construction of a method for detecting arbitrary hazard pollutants in the atmospheric air based on the structural function of the current pollutant concentrations. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 6(10 (108), 14–22. https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2020.218714