Devising a method for the active coordination of video cameras in optical navigation based on the multi-agent approach

Ivan Burlachenko, Iryna Zhuravska, Maksym Musiyenko

Abstract


Here we present results of research into multi-agent approach to solving the problem of constructing a wireless Ad Hoc network to transmit video stream during optical navigation. When obtaining data from video cameras in real time, there is a problem of realization of effective coordination of video data. To improve the algorithms of capturing an object, it is necessary to improve the architecture of devices that utilize network metadata for the analysis of scenes from video surveillance. As a result of exploring the ways of solving the specified problems, we proposed a method for active coordination of video cameras based on the multi-agent approach (MAC-on-MAA). The application of this method increases efficiency of network cameras through their reconfiguration.

We examined the problem of determining an adequate level of illuminance normalization of a video frame based on analysis of the modules throughput of multi-agent system for encoding transmitted video data. It was revealed that the time of analysis of video stream from a network decreases when ignoring the decoding of certain domains of graphic elements in the received video frames.

The devised MAC-on-MAA method allows effective updating of routing tables in the reactive protocol AODV. We obtained analytic expressions for the assessment of quantitative characteristics of energy consumption by mobile agents. Protection of communication channels of video surveillance network is improved through the integration of steganocontainers in the free bits of RGB characteristics of video frames pixels. 


Keywords


Ad Hoc; multi-agent system; video stream analysis; steganocontainer; reduction in power consumption by unmanned vehicles

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References


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Kharchenko, V. P., Bohunenko, M. M., Kuzmenko, N. S., Shostak, O. V., Sharak, K. Yu. (2014). Obrobka, analiz ta vizualizatsiia poliotnyh danyh bezpilotnoho litalnoho aparatu. Bulletin of Engineering Academy of Ukraine, 2, 20–26.

Rao, K. R., Yip, P. (1990). Discrete cosine transform: algorithms, advantages, applications. San Diego: Academic Press, 512. doi: 10.1016/c2009-0-22279-3

Nteris, A. (2013). Photomod lite contest: creating vegetation map using UAV at seaside ‘Palouki’ forest (Greece) by Apostolos Nteris. Online Resource of Software solutions in the field of photogrammetry, GIS and remote sensing ‘Racurs’, 9. Available at: http://www.racurs.ru/www_download/Contest/results/PHOTOMOD_Lite_Contest_Apostolos%20Nteris.pdf


GOST Style Citations


Whitaker, J. C. DTV: The revolution in electronic imaging [Text] / J. C. Whitaker; National Association of broadcasters. – New York: McGraw-Hill, 1998. – 656 p.

Tsmots, I. Parallel algorithms and VLSI structures for median filtering of images in real time [Text] / I. Tsmots, D. Peleshko, I. Izonin // International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Engineering & Technology (IJARCET). – 2014. – Vol. 3, Issue 8. – P. 2643–2649.

Musiyenko, M. P. Development of double median filter for optical navigation problems [Text] / M. P. Musiyenko, I. S. Burlachenko, O. O. Denysov, I. M. Zhuravska // 2016 IEEE First International Conference on Data Stream Mining & Processing (DSMP). – 2016. doi: 10.1109/dsmp.2016.7583535 

Musiyenko, M. P. The principles of the cyber-physical components' organization based on the methods of the multi-agent interaction of the moving objects [Text] / M. P. Musiyenko, I. M. Zhuravska, I. S. Burlachenko, O. O. Denysov // Advances in Cyber-Physical Systems. – 2016. – Vol. 1, Issue 1. – P. 51–60.

Savinov, V. Development of energy efficient distributed computer systems with self-contained remote modules [Text] / V. Savinov // 2014 IEEE 34th International Scientific Conference on Electronics and Nanotechnology (ELNANO). – 2014. doi: 10.1109/elnano.2014.6873427 

Burlachenko, I. Management of energy efficient distributed computer systems with self-contained remote modules using multi-agent system [Text] / I. Burlachenko // 2015 IEEE 35th International Conference on Electronics and Nanotechnology (ELNANO). – 2015. doi: 10.1109/elnano.2015.7146940 

Halkin, P. V. Analysis of models and optimization of information collection in wireless sensor networks [Text] / P. V. Halkin // Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies. – 2014. – Vol. 5, Issue 9 (71). – P. 24–30. doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2014.28008 

Galelyuka, I. Modelling of wireless sensor networks [Text] / I. Galelyuka // Computer means, networks and systems. – 2015. – Issue 14. – P. 141–150.

Shved, A. The analysis of uncertainty measures with various types of evidence [Text] / A. Shved, Y. Davydenko // 2016 IEEE First International Conference on Data Stream Mining & Processing (DSMP). – 2016. – P. 61–64. doi: 10.1109/dsmp.2016.7583508 

Akyildiz, I. F. Wireless multimedia sensor networks: A survey [Text] / I. Akyildiz, T. Melodia, K. Chowdury // IEEE Wireless Communications. – 2007. – Vol. 14, Issue 6. – P. 32–39. doi: 10.1109/mwc.2007.4407225 

Seema, A. Towards efficient wireless video sensor networks: a survey of existing node architectures and proposal for a flexi-WVSNP design [Text] / A. Seema, M. Reisslein // IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials. – 2011. – Vol. 13, Issue 3. – P. 462–486. doi: 10.1109/surv.2011.102910.00098 

Goldsmith, A. J. Design challenges for energy-constrained ad hoc wireless networks [Text] / A. J. Goldsmith, S. B. Wicker // IEEE Wireless Communications. – 2002. – Vol. 9, Issue 4. – P. 8–27. doi: 10.1109/mwc.2002.1028874 

Minukhin, S. Energy efficient algorithms for scaling processor speed in supercomputer [Text] / S. Minukhin // Second International Conference ‘Cluster Computing’ (CC’13). – 2013. – P. 131–140.

Vlasyuk, A. G. The ways to increase the useful volume of steganocontainer by adding artificial noises [Text] / A. G. Vlasyuk, A. A. Muzhaylo, Y. G. Savchenko // Electronics and communications. – 2015. – Vol. 20, Issue 1 (84). – P. 114–121.

Singh, K. U. Video steganography: text hiding in video by LSB substitution [Text] / K. U. Singh // International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications. – 2014. – Vol. 4, Issue 5. – P. 105–108.

Vaze, R. Two-way transmission capacity of wireless Ad-hoc networks [Text] / R. Vaze, K. T. Truong, S. Weber, R. W. Heath // IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications. – 2011. – Vol. 10, Issue 6. – P. 1966–1975. doi: 10.1109/twc.2011.041311.101488 

Okhrimenko, O. H. Study of bandwidth of Ad Hoc network with AODV routing protocol [Text]: conference / O. H. Okhrimenko, M. Yu. Ternovoi // Modern Challenges in Telecommunications. – Kyiv: NTUU «KPI», 2011. – С. 124.

Akkaya, K. A survey on routing protocols for wireless sensor networks [Text] / K. Akkaya, M. Younis // Ad Hoc Networks. – 2005. – Vol. 3, Issue 3. – P. 325–349. doi: 10.1016/j.adhoc.2003.09.010 

Younis, O. Node clustering in wireless sensor networks: recent developments and deployment challenges [Text] / O. Younis, M. Krunz, S. Ramasubramanian // IEEE Network. – 2006. – Vol. 20, Issue 3. – P. 20–25. doi: 10.1109/mnet.2006.1637928 

Bali, R. S. Clustering in vehicular ad hoc networks: Taxonomy, challenges and solutions [Text] / R. S. Bali, N. Kumar, J. J. P. C. Rodrigues // Vehicular Communications. – 2014. – Vol. 1, Issue 3. – P. 134–152. doi: 10.1016/j.vehcom.2014.05.004 

Manjunatha, P. A Survey of coverage analysis in wireless multimedia sensor networks [Text] / P. Manjunatha, L. S. Chethan // International Journal of Scientific Development and Research (IJSDR). – 2016. – Vol. 1, Issue 9. – P. 315–318.

Zhuravska, I. M. Ensuring a stable wireless communication in cyber-physical systems with moving objects [Text] / I. M. Zhuravska // Technology Audit and Production Reserves. – 2016. – Vol. 5, Issue 2 (31). – P. 58–64. doi: 10.15587/2312-8372.2016.80784 

Grossman, R. L. Simple available bandwidth utilization library for high-speed wide area networks [Text] / R. L. Grossman, M. Mazzucco, H. Sivakumar, Y. Pan, Q. Zhang // The Journal of Supercomputing. – 2005. – Vol. 34, Issue 3. – P. 231–242. doi: 10.1007/s11227-005-1167-1 

Graham, D. Comprehensive colour image normalization [Text] / D. Graham, B. S. Finlayson, J. L. Crowley // Lecture Notes in Computer Science. – 1998. – P. 475–490. doi: 10.1007/bfb0055685 

Makhoul, J. A fast cosine transform in one and two dimensions [Text] / J. Makhoul // IEEE Transactions on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing. – 1980. – Vol. 28, Issue 1. – P. 27–34. doi: 10.1109/tassp.1980.1163351 

Сечин, А. Ю. UAV: The use of aerial photography in order to map (part 2) [Текст] / А. Yu. Sechin, M. A. Drakin, A. S. Kiseliova // Online Resource of Software solutions in the field of photogrammetry, GIS and remote sensing ‘Racurs’. – 2011. – 12 p. – Available at: http://www.racurs.ru/www_download/articles/UAV_2.pdf

Sloan, T. Forensic analysis of video steganography tools [Text] / T. Sloan, J. Hernandez-Castro // PeerJ Computer Science. – 2015. – Vol. 1. – P. e7. doi: 10.7717/peerj-cs.7 

Kharchenko, V. P. Obrobka, analiz ta vizualizatsiia poliotnyh danyh bezpilotnoho litalnoho aparatu [Text] / V. P. Kharchenko, M. M. Bohunenko, N. S. Kuzmenko, O. V. Shostak, K. Yu. Sharak // Bulletin of Engineering Academy of Ukraine. – 2014. – Issue 2. – P. 20–26.

Rao, K. R. Discrete cosine transform: algorithms, advantages, applications [Text] / K. R. Rao, P. Yip. – San Diego: Academic Press, 1990. – 512 p. doi: 10.1016/c2009-0-22279-3 

Nteris, A. Photomod lite contest: creating vegetation map using UAV at seaside ‘Palouki’ forest (Greece) by Apostolos Nteris [Text] / A. Nteris // Online Resource of Software solutions in the field of photogrammetry, GIS and remote sensing ‘Racurs’. – 2013. – 13 p. – Available at: http://www.racurs.ru/www_download/Contest/results/PHOTOMOD_Lite_Contest_Apostolos%20Nteris.pdf



DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2017.90863

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ISSN (print) 1729-3774, ISSN (on-line) 1729-4061