Development of a mathematical model for the process of modernization of a melon cleaning machine

Authors

• Marzhan Kizatova Astana branch of “Kazakh research Institute of processing and food industry” LLP, Kazakhstan
• Alibek Baikenov Astana branch of “Kazakh research Institute of processing and food industry” LLP, Kazakhstan
• Nurzhan Muslimov Astana branch of “Kazakh research Institute of processing and food industry” LLP, Kazakhstan
• Kadyrbek Baigenzhinov Astana branch of “Kazakh research Institute of processing and food industry” LLP, Kazakhstan
• Zhazira Yessimova Astana branch of “Kazakh research Institute of processing and food industry” LLP, Kazakhstan

Keywords:

melon, processing, equipment modernization, cutting knife, peeling process, texture properties, competitive products, cleaning machine, mathematical model for melon peeling, planning matrix

Abstract

The paper is devoted to the problem of increasing the efficiency of melon processing under limited production automation. Measures for equipment modernization should be carried out in accordance with the operation rules of each individual unit. In production conditions, all equipment, without exception, undergoes this process, while the corresponding documentation is drawn up, confirming the implementation of modernization within a certain time frame.

In a competitive market environment, product quality is a causal factor for the sharp increase in risks for food industry enterprises. To produce quality and competitive products, you need equipment that helps to reduce costs. The disadvantages of most melon peeling designs are size instability in the thickness of the rind. The paper presents a solution to this drawback. This was achieved by changing the sharpening angle of the rind cutting knife.

Research has been carried out to study the texture properties of “Mirzachulskaya” and “Raduzhnaya” melons. And also experiments on melon peeling based on the planning matrix of mathematical modeling. Based on the experiments, a model of the peeling process was constructed.

The key factors to limit peeling waste were optimized. Calculations of the optimized parameters yielded the cutting knife sharpening angle of 40 degrees, a roller gap of 9 mm, as well as an average force applied of 1,375 N∙m. The data obtained can be used as a basis for the modernization of this machine for other melon varieties

Author Biographies

Marzhan Kizatova, Astana branch of “Kazakh research Institute of processing and food industry” LLP

Laboratory of Primary Processing of Plant Raw Materials

Alibek Baikenov, Astana branch of “Kazakh research Institute of processing and food industry” LLP

Laboratory of Deep Processing of Crop Products

Nurzhan Muslimov, Astana branch of “Kazakh research Institute of processing and food industry” LLP

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Director

Laboratory of Deep Processing of Crop Products

Kadyrbek Baigenzhinov, Astana branch of “Kazakh research Institute of processing and food industry” LLP

Researcher

Laboratory of Deep Processing of Crop Products

Zhazira Yessimova, Astana branch of “Kazakh research Institute of processing and food industry” LLP

Researcher

Laboratory of Deep Processing of Crop Products

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2021-06-30

How to Cite

Kizatova, M., Baikenov, A., Muslimov, N., Baigenzhinov, K., & Yessimova, Z. (2021). Development of a mathematical model for the process of modernization of a melon cleaning machine. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 3(11 (111), 88–95. https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2021.235812

Section

Technology and Equipment of Food Production