Analysis of the effect of employee status on construction worker's safety behavior using structural equation model




employee status, contractual worker, daily workers, outsourcing worker, permanent workers, safety behaviour, PLS-SEM


The construction industry is one of the most at risk to worker safety. The number of work accidents in Indonesia continues to increase so that by 2021 the number of work accidents will reach 234,270 cases. Therefore, in-depth research is needed to maintain the safety of all workers. Recognizing the factors that cause work accidents helps stakeholders take preventive action. It is necessary to increase worker safety behaviour by identifying its factors. Both those that occur in casual workers and permanent workers. Therefore, it is important to see whether employment status affects the safety behaviour of construction workers so that preventive measures can be taken as a form of prevention of work accidents. The research objective was to analyze the status of workers on the safety behaviour of construction workers. Data was collected through a survey method of 300 construction workers in the cities of Surabaya, Malang, and Batu in East Java, Indonesia. The results of the study show that worker status has a positive effect on construction work safety behaviour. This means that the higher the Employee Status will increase the Safety Behavior variable, with a path coefficient of 0.390. Among the indicators that are dominant in measuring the ES Worker Status construct is the Type of Worker, with the highest loading factor of 0.842. Thus, if the management wants to raise the value of the variable Safety Behavior through improving aspects of Employee Status, what need to be evaluated as a top priority is the Employee Type. The results of this study can be used as a reference in setting policies related to worker safety. Project management can determine what strategic steps need to be taken for construction workers with different types of employee statuses. so as to increase worker awareness of a culture of safety behavior.

Author Biographies

Fifi Damayanti, Brawijaya University

Doctoral Student

Department of Civil Engineering

Ludfi Djakfar, Brawijaya University


Department of Civil Engineering Department

Wisnumurti Wisnumurti, Brawijaya University

Associate Professor

Civil Engineering Department

Agung Murti Nugroho, Brawijaya University

Associate Professor

Department of Civil Engineering Department


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Analysis of the effect of employee status on construction worker's safety behavior using structural equation model




How to Cite

Damayanti, F., Djakfar, L., Wisnumurti, W., & Nugroho, A. M. (2022). Analysis of the effect of employee status on construction worker’s safety behavior using structural equation model. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 6(10 (120), 54–62.