Implementation peat soil adsorbent & variation of filter for reduce emission improvement from motor vehicle
Keywords:peat soil adsorbent, variation of filter, CO, HC, gas analyzer
The use of fossil fuels in transportation equipment, especially motorized vehicles, will have an extraordinary effect on air pollution. Therefore, air pollution becomes very important problem today. The amount of percentage of air pollution from transportation sources in Indonesia is 70.5 % CO, 18.34 % HC, 8.89 % NOx, 0.88 % SOx, and 1.33 % particulate matter. Given the danger of exhaust emissions, especially carbon monoxide which can cause death for humans who inhale it, therefore efforts are needed to control air pollution from motorized vehicles. There are several methods that can be used, one of which is to use adsorbents. Activated carbon can be used as an adsorbent. One alternative that can be applied as an adsorbent is peat soil-activated carbon which is abundant and easy to make as an adsorbent. By utilizing the abundant peat-soil which is a great potential area of Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan.
In this experimental study; model l has a diameter of 20 mm, model 2 has an outside diameter of 20 mm and an inside diameter of 10 mm, and model 3 is without adsorbent. The length of this model is the same. Testing with a 2005 Honda Kharisma motor vehicle with an engine speed of 1000, 2000, and 3000 rpm. CO and HC emission tests using a gas analyzer were carried out. Testing was also carried out using a dyno test to determine the engine performance of a motorcycle that was installed with an adsorbent on the exhaust gas. The results showed that peat soil adsorbents with perforated circle designs can reduce CO gas emissions by 55 % compared to the others. Besides that, the use of peat soil adsorbents with hollow circle designs can also reduce HC gas emissions by 3.51 %. The results of the engine performance test showed that there was no significant effect of using this adsorbent on torque and power.
In conclusion, peat soil adsorbents used to reduce exhaust emissions in motorized vehicles can be applied
- The author would like to express their gratitude for the support financial given by Universitas Lambung Mangkurat.
- Fredholm, B. B., Nordén, B. (2010). Fuels for Transportation. AMBIO, 39 (S1), 31–35. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-010-0062-z
- Kumar, R. (Ed.) (2013). Fossil Fuels: sources, environmental concerns and waste management practices. Nova publishers.
- Asim, M., Usman, M., Abbasi, M. S., Ahmad, S., Mujtaba, M. A., Soudagar, M. E. M., Mohamed, A. (2022). Estimating the Long-Term Effects of National and International Sustainable Transport Policies on Energy Consumption and Emissions of Road Transport Sector of Pakistan. Sustainability, 14 (9), 5732. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/su14095732
- Gao, C., Xu, J., Jia, X., Dong, Y., Ru, H. (2020). Influence of Large Vehicles on the Speed of Expressway Traffic Flow. Advances in Civil Engineering, 2020, 1–9. doi: https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/2454106
- Ahmad Shuhaili, A. F., Ihsan, S. I., Faris, W. F. (2013). Air Pollution Study of Vehicles Emission In High Volume Traffic: Selangor, Malaysia As A Case Study. WSEAS TRANSACTIONS on SYSTEMS, 12 (2), 67–84. Available at: http://www.wseas.us/journal/pdf/systems/2013/56-304.pdf
- Cholakov, G. St. (2009). Control of exhaust emissions from internal combustion engined vehicles. Vol. III. Pollution control technologies. Eolss Publishers. Available at: http://www.eolss.net/Sample-Chapters/C09/E4-14-05-01.pdf
- Agus, F., Subiska, I. G. (2008). Lahan Gambut: Potensi untuk pertanian dan aspek lingkungan. Bogor. Available at: http://balittanah.litbang.pertanian.go.id/ind/dokumentasi/buku/booklet_gambut_final.pdf
- Maryanto, D., Mulasari, S. A., Suryani, D. (2009). Penurunan kadar emisi gas buang karbon monoksida (CO) dengan penambahan arang aktif pada kendaraan bermotor di Yogyakarta. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health), 3 (3), 198–205. doi: https://doi.org/10.12928/kesmas.v3i3.1110
- Wardhana, W. A. (2004). Dampak Pencemaran Lingkungan. Yogyakarta, 462.
- Rosli, M. A., Daud, Z., Latiff, A. A. A., Rahman, S. E. A., Oyekanmi, A. A., Zainorabidin, A. et al. (2017). The effectiveness of peat-AC composite adsorbent in removing color and Fe from landfill leachate. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 9 (3), 35–38. Available at: https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/ijie/article/view/1600/1156
- Uraki, Y., Tamai, Y., Ogawa, M., Gaman, S., Tokura, S. (2009). Preparation of activated carbon from peat. BioResources, 4 (1), 205–213. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/26589520_Preparation_of_activated_carbon_from_peat
- Sudalma, S., Purwanto, P., Santoso, L. W. (2015). The Effect of SO2 and NO2 from Transportation and Stationary Emissions Sources to SO42− and NO3− in Rain Water in Semarang. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 23, 247–252. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2015.01.037
- Yuliusman, Ayu, M. P., Hanafi, A., Nafisah, A. R. (2020). Adsorption of carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon components in motor vehicle exhaust emission using magnesium oxide loaded on durian peel activated carbon. AIP Conference Proceedings. doi: https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0002351
- Yang, B.-J., Mao, S., Altin, O., Feng, Z.-G., Michaelides, E. E. (2011). Condensation Analysis of Exhaust Gas Recirculation System for Heavy-Duty Trucks. Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications, 3 (4). doi: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4004745
- Hawe, E., Dooly, G., Fitzpatrick, C., Chambers, P., Lewis, E., Zhao, W. Z. et al. (2007). Measuring of exhaust gas emissions using absorption spectroscopy. International Journal of Intelligent Systems Technologies and Applications, 3 (1/2), 33. doi: https://doi.org/10.1504/ijista.2007.014125
- Woo, S.-H., Raza, H., Kang, W.-M., Choe, S. B., Im, M. H., Lim, K. S. et al. (2022). An ammonia supplying system using ammonium salt to reduce the NOx emissions of a 1.1 MW marine engine. Journal of Marine Engineering & Technology, 1–10. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/20464177.2022.2127402
- Ghofur, A., Subagyo, R., Isworo, H. (2018). A study of modeling of flue gas patterns with number and shape variations of the catalytic converter filter. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 6 (10 (96)), 35–41. doi: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2018.145638
- Sukmana, H., Bellahsen, N., Pantoja, F., Hodur, C. (2021). Adsorption and coagulation in wastewater treatment – Review. Progress in Agricultural Engineering Sciences, 17 (1), 49–68. doi: https://doi.org/10.1556/446.2021.00029
- Ghofur, A., Mursadin, A., Amrullah, A., Raihan, R. (2022). The potential of activated carbon from peat soil as an absorbent for hydrocarbon (HC) and carbon monoxide (CO) emissions in motor vehicles. Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin, 13 (1), 251–256. doi: https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jrm.2022.013.01.24
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Abdul Ghofur, Syamsuri Syamsuri, Aqli Mursadin, Agung Nugroho, Agung Cahyo Legowo
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The consolidation and conditions for the transfer of copyright (identification of authorship) is carried out in the License Agreement. In particular, the authors reserve the right to the authorship of their manuscript and transfer the first publication of this work to the journal under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY license. At the same time, they have the right to conclude on their own additional agreements concerning the non-exclusive distribution of the work in the form in which it was published by this journal, but provided that the link to the first publication of the article in this journal is preserved.
A license agreement is a document in which the author warrants that he/she owns all copyright for the work (manuscript, article, etc.).
The authors, signing the License Agreement with PC TECHNOLOGY CENTER, have all rights to the further use of their work, provided that they link to our edition in which the work was published.
According to the terms of the License Agreement, the Publisher PC TECHNOLOGY CENTER does not take away your copyrights and receives permission from the authors to use and dissemination of the publication through the world's scientific resources (own electronic resources, scientometric databases, repositories, libraries, etc.).
In the absence of a signed License Agreement or in the absence of this agreement of identifiers allowing to identify the identity of the author, the editors have no right to work with the manuscript.
It is important to remember that there is another type of agreement between authors and publishers – when copyright is transferred from the authors to the publisher. In this case, the authors lose ownership of their work and may not use it in any way.